Uradni list

Številka 30
Uradni list RS, št. 30/2002 z dne 5. 4. 2002
Uradni list

Uradni list RS, št. 30/2002 z dne 5. 4. 2002

Kazalo

29. Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije med Republiko Slovenijo in Republiko Turčijo o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja v zvezi z davki od dohodka s protokolom (BTUIDO), stran 399.

Na podlagi druge alinee prvega odstavka 107. člena in prvega odstavka 91. člena Ustave Republike Slovenije izdajam
U K A Z
O RAZGLASITVI ZAKONA O RATIFIKACIJI KONVENCIJE MED REPUBLIKO SLOVENIJO IN REPUBLIKO TURČIJO O IZOGIBANJU DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA V ZVEZI Z DAVKI OD DOHODKA S PROTOKOLOM (BTUIDO)
Razglašam Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije med Republiko Slovenijo in Republiko Turčijo o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja v zvezi z davki od dohodka s protokolom (BTUIDO), ki ga je sprejel Državni zbor Republike Slovenije na seji 21. marca 2002.
Št. 001-22-33/02
Ljubljana, 29. marca 2002
Predsednik
Republike Slovenije
Milan Kučan l. r.
Z A K O N
O RATIFIKACIJI KONVENCIJE MED REPUBLIKO SLOVENIJO IN REPUBLIKO TURČIJO O IZOGIBANJU DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA V ZVEZI Z DAVKI OD DOHODKA S PROTOKOLOM (BTUIDO)
1. člen
Ratificira se Konvencija med Republiko Slovenijo in Republiko Turčijo o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja v zvezi z davki od dohodka s protokolom, podpisana v Ljubljani dne 19. aprila 2001.
2. člen
Konvencija s protokolom se v izvirniku v slovenskem in angleškem jeziku glasi: *
K O N V E N C I J A
MED REPUBLIKO SLOVENIJO IN REPUBLIKO TURČIJO O IZOGIBANJU DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA V ZVEZI Z DAVKI OD DOHODKA
Republika Slovenija in Republika Turčija sta se v želji, da bi sklenili konvencijo o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja v zvezi z davki od dohodka,
sporazumeli, kot sledi:
1. člen
OSEBE, ZA KATERE SE UPORABLJA KONVENCIJA
Ta konvencija se uporablja za osebe, ki so rezidenti ene ali obeh držav pogodbenic.
2. člen
DAVKI, ZA KATERE SE UPORABLJA KONVENCIJA
1) Ta konvencija se uporablja za davke od dohodka, ki se uvedejo v imenu pogodbenice ali njenih političnih enot ali lokalnih oblasti, ne glede na način njihove uvedbe.
2) Za davke od dohodka se štejejo vsi davki, uvedeni na celoten dohodek ali na sestavine dohodka, vključno z davki od dobička iz odtujitve premičnin ali nepremičnin ter davki na skupne zneske mezd ali plač, ki jih plačujejo podjetja.
3) Obstoječi davki, za katere se uporablja konvencija, so zlasti:
a) v Sloveniji:
i) davek od dobička pravnih oseb;
ii) davek od dohodka posameznikov, vključno z mezdami in plačami, dohodkom iz kmetijskih dejavnosti, dohodkom iz poslovanja, kapitalskimi dobički in dohodkom iz nepremičnin in premičnin (dohodnina)
(v nadaljevanju “slovenski davek”);
b) v Turčiji:
i) davek od dohodka (Gelir Vergisi);
ii) davek od dobička pravnih oseb (Kurumlar Vergisi);
iii) dodatna dajatev na davek od dohodka in na davek od dobička pravnih oseb (Gelir Vergisi ve Kurumlar Vergisi üzerinden alinan fon payi)
(v nadaljevanju “turški davek”).
4) Ta konvencija se uporablja tudi za kakršne koli enake ali vsebinsko podobne davke, ki se uvedejo po datumu podpisa konvencije dodatno k obstoječim davkom ali namesto njih. Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic drug drugega uradno obvestita o vseh bistvenih spremembah njunih davčnih zakonodaj.
3. člen
SPLOŠNA OPREDELITEV IZRAZOV
1) Za namene te konvencije, razen če sobesedilo zahteva drugače:
a) i) izraz “Slovenija” pomeni Republiko Slovenijo in ozemlje pod njeno suverenostjo, vključno z zračnim prostorom in morskimi območji, nad katerimi Republika Slovenija izvaja svojo suverenost ali jurisdikcijo v skladu z notranjim in mednarodnim pravom;
ii) izraz “Turčija” pomeni ozemlje Turčije, vključno s teritorialnim morjem in zračnim prostorom nad njim, kakor tudi morska območja, nad katerimi ima v skladu z mednarodnim pravom jurisdikcijo ali suverene pravice za namen iskanja, izkoriščanja in ohranjanja naravnih virov;
b) izraza “država pogodbenica” in “druga država pogodbenica” pomenita, kot zahteva sobesedilo, Turčijo ali Slovenijo;
c) izraz “oseba” vključuje posameznika, družbo in katero koli drugo telo, ki združuje več oseb;
d) izraz “ družba” pomeni katero koli korporacijo ali kateri koli subjekt, ki se za davčne namene obravnava kot korporacija;
e) družba ima “kraj vpisa v register”:
i) v Turčiji, če je njen zakoniti sedež registriran v Turčiji po turškem trgovinskem zakoniku, ali
ii) v Sloveniji, če je organizirana, ustanovljena oziroma registrirana po slovenski zakonodaji;
f) izraza “podjetje države pogodbenice” in “podjetje druge države pogodbenice” pomenita podjetje, ki ga upravlja rezident države pogodbenice, in podjetje, ki ga upravlja rezident druge države pogodbenice;
g) izraz “mednarodni promet” pomeni kakršen koli prevoz z ladjo, letalom ali cestnim vozilom, ki ga opravlja podjetje države pogodbenice, razen če ladja, letalo ali cestno vozilo opravlja prevoze samo med kraji v drugi državi pogodbenici;
h) izraz “pristojni organ” pomeni:
i) v Sloveniji Ministrstvo za finance Republike Slovenije ali pooblaščenega predstavnika tega ministrstva;
ii) v Turčiji ministra za finance ali njegovega pooblaščenega predstavnika;
i) izraz “državljan” pomeni:
i) katerega koli posameznika, ki ima državljanstvo države pogodbenice;
ii) katero koli pravno osebo, osebno družbo ali združenje, katerih status izhaja iz veljavne zakonodaje v državi pogodbenici.
2) Kadar koli država pogodbenica uporabi konvencijo, ima kateri koli izraz, ki v njej ni opredeljen, razen če sobesedilo zahteva drugače, pomen, ki ga ima takrat po pravu te države za namene davkov, za katere se konvencija uporablja, pri čemer kateri koli pomen po veljavni davčni zakonodaji te države prevlada nad pomenom izraza po drugi zakonodaji te države.
4. člen
REZIDENT
1) Za namene te konvencije izraz “rezident države pogodbenice” pomeni katero koli osebo, ki je po zakonodaji te države dolžna plačevati davke zaradi svojega stalnega prebivališča, prebivališča, kraja vpisa v register, sedeža uprave ali katerega koli drugega podobnega merila, in tudi vključuje to državo in katero koli njeno politično enoto ali lokalno oblast. Ta izraz pa ne vključuje katere koli osebe, ki je dolžna plačevati davke v tej državi samo v zvezi z dohodki iz virov v tej državi.
2) Kadar je zaradi določb prvega odstavka posameznik rezident obeh držav pogodbenic, se njegov status določi na naslednji način:
a) šteje se za rezidenta države, v kateri ima na razpolago stalno prebivališče; če ima na razpolago stalno prebivališče v obeh državah, se šteje za rezidenta države, s katero ima tesnejše osebne in ekonomske odnose (središče življenjskih interesov);
b) če ni mogoče opredeliti države, v kateri ima središče življenjskih interesov, ali če nima v nobeni od držav na razpolago stalnega prebivališča, se šteje samo za rezidenta države, v kateri ima običajno bivališče;
c) če ima običajno bivališče v obeh državah ali v nobeni od njiju, se šteje samo za rezidenta države, katere državljan je;
d) če je državljan obeh držav ali nobene od njiju, pristojna organa držav pogodbenic vprašanje rešita s skupnim dogovorom.
3) Kadar je zaradi določb prvega odstavka oseba, ki ni posameznik, rezident obeh držav pogodbenic, se šteje, da je samo rezident države, v kateri je kraj vpisa v register.
5. člen
STALNA POSLOVNA ENOTA
1) Za namene te konvencije izraz “stalna poslovna enota” pomeni stalno mesto poslovanja, prek katerega v celoti ali delno potekajo posli podjetja.
2) Izraz “stalna poslovna enota” še posebej vključuje:
a) sedež uprave,
b) podružnico,
c) pisarno,
d) tovarno,
e) delavnico in
f) rudnik, nahajališče nafte ali plina, kamnolom ali kateri koli drug kraj pridobivanja naravnih virov.
3) Gradbišče, projekt gradnje ali montaže je stalna poslovna enota samo, če tako gradbišče ali projekt traja več kot dvanajst mesecev.
4) Ne glede na prejšnje določbe tega člena se šteje, da izraz “stalna poslovna enota” ne vključuje:
a) uporabe prostorov samo za namen skladiščenja, razstavljanja ali dostave dobrin ali blaga, ki pripada podjetju;
b) vzdrževanja zaloge dobrin ali blaga, ki pripada podjetju, samo za namen skladiščenja, razstavljanja ali dostave;
c) vzdrževanja zaloge dobrin ali blaga, ki pripada podjetju, samo za namen predelave s strani drugega podjetja;
d) vzdrževanja stalnega mesta poslovanja samo za namen nakupa dobrin ali blaga za podjetje ali zbiranja informacij za podjetje;
e) vzdrževanja stalnega mesta poslovanja samo za namen opravljanja kakršne koli druge dejavnosti pripravljalne ali pomožne narave za podjetje;
f) vzdrževanja stalnega mesta poslovanja samo za kakršno koli kombinacijo dejavnosti, omenjenih v pododstavkih a) do e), pod pogojem, da je splošna dejavnost stalnega mesta poslovanja, ki je posledica te kombinacije, pripravljalne ali pomožne narave.
5) Ne glede na določbe prvega in drugega odstavka, kadar oseba – ki ni zastopnik z neodvisnim statusom, za katerega se uporablja šesti odstavek – deluje v imenu podjetja ter ima in običajno uporablja v državi pogodbenici pooblastilo za sklepanje pogodb v imenu podjetja, se za to podjetje šteje, da ima stalno poslovno enoto v tej državi v zvezi s katerimi koli dejavnostmi, ki jih ta oseba prevzame za podjetje, razen če so dejavnosti take osebe omejene na tiste iz četrtega odstavka, zaradi katerih se to stalno mesto poslovanja po določbah tega odstavka ne bi štelo za stalno poslovno enoto, če bi se opravljale prek stalnega mesta poslovanja.
6) Ne šteje se, da ima podjetje države pogodbenice stalno poslovno enoto v drugi državi pogodbenici samo zato, ker opravlja posle v tej državi prek posrednika, splošnega komisionarja ali katerega koli drugega zastopnika z neodvisnim statusom, pod pogojem, da te osebe delujejo v okviru svojega rednega poslovanja.
7) Dejstvo, da družba, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, nadzoruje družbo, ki je rezident druge države pogodbenice ali opravlja posle v tej drugi državi (prek stalne poslovne enote ali drugače) ali je pod nadzorom take družbe, samo po sebi še ne pomeni, da je ena od družb stalna poslovna enota druge.
6. člen
DOHODEK IZ NEPREMIČNIN
1) Dohodek rezidenta države pogodbenice, ki izhaja iz nepremičnin (vključno z dohodkom iz kmetijstva ali gozdarstva), ki so v drugi državi pogodbenici, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2) Izraz “nepremičnine” ima pomen, ki ga ima po pravu države pogodbenice, v kateri je zadevna nepremičnina. Izraz vedno vključuje premoženje, ki je sestavni del nepremičnin, živino in opremo, ki se uporablja v kmetijstvu (vključno z ribogojstvom) in gozdarstvu, pravice, za katere veljajo določbe splošnega prava v zvezi z zemljiško lastnino, užitek na nepremičninah in pravice do spremenljivih ali stalnih plačil kot odškodnino za izkoriščanje ali pravico do izkoriščanja nahajališč rude, virov ter drugega naravnega bogastva; ladje, čolni in letala se ne štejejo za nepremičnine.
3) Določbe prvega odstavka se uporabljajo za dohodek, ki se ustvari z neposredno uporabo, dajanjem v najem ali katero koli drugo obliko uporabe nepremičnine.
4) Določbe prvega in tretjega odstavka se uporabljajo tudi za dohodek iz nepremičnin podjetja in za dohodek iz nepremičnin, ki se uporabljajo za opravljanje samostojnih osebnih storitev.
7. člen
POSLOVNI DOBIČEK
1) Dobiček podjetja države pogodbenice se obdavči samo v tej državi, razen če podjetje posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej. Če podjetje posluje, kot je prej omenjeno, se lahko dobiček podjetja obdavči v drugi državi, vendar samo toliko dobička, kot se pripiše tej stalni poslovni enoti.
2) Ob upoštevanju določb tretjega odstavka, kadar podjetje države pogodbenice posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej, se v vsaki državi pogodbenici tej stalni poslovni enoti pripiše dobiček, za katerega bi se lahko pričakovalo, da bi ga imela, če bi bila različno in ločeno podjetje, ki opravlja enake ali podobne dejavnosti pod istimi ali podobnimi pogoji ter povsem neodvisno posluje s podjetjem, katerega stalna poslovna enota je.
3) Pri določanju dobička stalne poslovne enote je dovoljeno odšteti stroške, ki nastanejo za namene stalne poslovne enote, vključno s poslovodnimi in splošnimi upravnimi stroški, ki nastanejo bodisi v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota, ali drugje.
4) Če se v državi pogodbenici dobiček, ki se pripiše stalni poslovni enoti, običajno določi na podlagi porazdelitve vsega dobička podjetja na njegove dele, nič v drugem odstavku tej državi pogodbenici ne preprečuje določiti obdavčljivega dobička z običajno porazdelitvijo; sprejeta metoda porazdelitve pa mora biti taka, da je rezultat v skladu z načeli tega člena.
5) Stalni poslovni enoti se ne pripiše dobiček samo zato, ker nakupuje dobrine ali blago za podjetje.
6) Za namene prejšnjih odstavkov se dobiček, ki se pripiše stalni poslovni enoti, vsako leto določi po isti metodi, razen če je upravičen in zadosten razlog za nasprotno.
7) Kadar dobiček vključuje dohodkovne postavke, ki so posebej obravnavane v drugih členih te konvencije, določbe tega člena ne vplivajo na določbe tistih členov.
8. člen
POMORSKI, LETALSKI IN CESTNI PREVOZ
1) Dobiček, ki ga podjetje države pogodbenice doseže iz opravljanja ladijskih, letalskih ali cestnih prevozov v mednarodnem prometu, se obdavči samo v tej državi.
2) Za namene tega člena dobiček, ki ga podjetje države pogodbenice doseže iz opravljanja ladijskih ali letalskih prevozov v mednarodnem prometu, med drugim vključuje dobiček iz uporabe ali najema zabojnikov, če je tak dobiček v zvezi z dobičkom, za katerega se uporabljajo določbe prvega odstavka.
3) Določbe prvega odstavka tega člena se uporabljajo tudi za dobiček iz udeležbe v interesnem združenju (pool), mešanem podjetju ali mednarodni prevozni agenciji.
9. člen
POVEZANA PODJETJA
1) Kadar:
a) je podjetje države pogodbenice neposredno ali posredno udeleženo pri upravljanju, nadzoru ali v kapitalu podjetja druge države pogodbenice ali
b) so iste osebe neposredno ali posredno udeležene pri upravljanju, nadzoru ali v kapitalu podjetja države pogodbenice in podjetja druge države pogodbenice
in v obeh primerih obstajajo ali se uvedejo med podjetjema v njunih komercialnih ali finančnih odnosih pogoji, drugačni od tistih, ki bi obstajali med neodvisnimi podjetji, se kakršen koli dobiček, ki bi prirastel enemu od podjetij, če takih pogojev ne bi bilo, vendar prav zaradi takih pogojev ni prirastel, lahko vključi v dobiček tega podjetja in ustrezno obdavči.
2) Kadar država pogodbenica v dobiček podjetja te države vključuje – in ustrezno obdavči – dobiček, za katerega je bilo že obdavčeno podjetje druge države pogodbenice v tej drugi državi in se ta druga država strinja, da je tako vključeni dobiček dobiček, ki bi prirastel podjetju prve omenjene države, če bi bili pogoji, ki obstajajo med podjetjema, taki, kot bi obstajali med neodvisnimi podjetji, ta druga država ustrezno prilagodi znesek davka, ki se v tej državi zaračuna od tega dobička, če meni, da je prilagoditev upravičena. Pri določanju take prilagoditve je treba upoštevati druge določbe te konvencije, pristojna organa držav pogodbenic pa se po potrebi med seboj posvetujeta.
10. člen
DIVIDENDE
1) Dividende, ki jih družba, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, plača rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2) Take dividende pa se lahko obdavčijo tudi v državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je družba, ki dividende plačuje, in v skladu z zakonodajo te države, če pa je upravičeni lastnik dividend rezident druge države pogodbenice, tako obračunani davek ne presega 10 odstotkov bruto zneska dividend.
Ta odstavek ne vpliva na obdavčenje družbe v zvezi z dobičkom, iz katerega se plačajo dividende.
3) Izraz “dividende”, kot je uporabljen v tem členu, pomeni dohodek iz delnic, “jouissance“ delnic ali pravic, ustanoviteljskih delnic ali drugih pravic do udeležbe v dobičku, ki niso terjatve, kot tudi dohodek iz drugih pravic v družbi, ki se davčno obravnava enako kot dohodek iz delnic po zakonodaji države, katere rezident je družba, ki dividende deli, in dohodek iz investicijskega sklada in investicijskega trusta.
4) Dobiček družbe države pogodbenice, ki posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej, se po obdavčenju v skladu s 7. členom lahko za preostali znesek obdavči v državi pogodbenici, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota. Stopnja takega davka pa ne sme biti višja, kot je stopnja iz drugega odstavka.
5) Določbe prvega in drugega odstavka se ne uporabljajo, če upravičeni lastnik dividend, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je družba, ki dividende plačuje, prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali opravlja v tej drugi državi samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej ter je delež, v zvezi s katerim se dividende plačajo, dejansko povezan s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
6) Kadar dobiček ali dohodek družbe, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, izhaja iz druge države pogodbenice, ta druga država ob upoštevanju določb četrtega odstavka ne sme uvesti nobenega davka na dividende, ki jih plača družba, razen če se te dividende plačajo rezidentu te druge države ali če je delež, v zvezi s katerim se take dividende plačajo, dejansko povezan s stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo v tej drugi državi, niti ne sme uvesti davka od nerazdeljenega dobička na nerazdeljeni dobiček družbe, tudi če so plačane dividende ali nerazdeljeni dobiček v celoti ali delno sestavljeni iz dobička ali dohodka, ki nastane v taki drugi državi.
11. člen
OBRESTI
1) Obresti, ki nastanejo v državi pogodbenici in se izplačajo rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2) Take obresti pa se lahko obdavčijo tudi v državi pogodbenici, v kateri nastanejo, in v skladu z zakonodajo te države, če pa je upravičeni lastnik obresti rezident druge države pogodbenice, tako zaračunani davek ne presega 10 odstotkov bruto zneska obresti.
3) Ne glede na določbe drugega odstavka so obresti, ki nastanejo v državi pogodbenici in katerih upravičeni lastnik je vlada druge države pogodbenice, vključno z njenimi političnimi enotami ali lokalnimi oblastmi, ali centralna banka, oproščene davka v prvi omenjeni državi.
4) Izraz “obresti”, kot je uporabljen v tem členu, pomeni dohodek iz vseh vrst terjatev ne glede na to, ali so zavarovane s hipoteko, in ne glede na to, ali imajo pravico do udeležbe v dolžnikovem dobičku, in še posebej dohodek iz državnih vrednostnih papirjev ter dohodek iz obveznic ali zadolžnic, vključno s premijami in nagradami, ki pripadajo takim vrednostnim papirjem, obveznicam ali zadolžnicam.
5) Določbe prvega in drugega odstavka se ne uporabljajo, če upravičeni lastnik obresti, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici, v kateri obresti nastanejo, prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali opravlja v tej drugi državi samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej ter je terjatev, v zvezi s katero se obresti plačajo, dejansko povezana s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
6) Šteje se, da obresti nastanejo v državi pogodbenici, kadar je plačnik ta država, politična enota, lokalna oblast ali rezident te države. Kadar pa ima oseba, ki plačuje obresti, ne glede na to, ali je rezident države pogodbenice, v državi pogodbenici stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo, v zvezi s katero je nastala zadolžitev, za katero se plačajo obresti, ter take obresti krije taka stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza, se šteje, da take obresti nastanejo v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza.
7) Kadar zaradi posebnega odnosa med plačnikom in upravičenim lastnikom ali med njima in drugo osebo znesek obresti glede na terjatev, za katero se plačajo, presega znesek, za katerega bi se sporazumela plačnik in upravičeni lastnik, če takega odnosa ne bi bilo, se določbe tega člena uporabljajo samo za zadnji omenjeni znesek. V takem primeru se presežni del plačil še naprej obdavčuje v skladu z zakonodajo vsake države pogodbenice, pri čemer je treba upoštevati druge določbe te konvencije.
12. člen
LICENČNINE IN AVTORSKI HONORARJI
1) Licenčnine in avtorski honorarji, ki nastanejo v državi pogodbenici in se plačajo rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2) Take licenčnine in avtorski honorarji pa se lahko obdavčijo tudi v državi pogodbenici, v kateri nastanejo, in v skladu z zakonodajo te države, če pa je upravičeni lastnik licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev rezident druge države pogodbenice, tako zaračunani davek ne presega 10 odstotkov bruto zneska licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev.
3) Izraz “licenčnine in avtorski honorarji”, kot je uporabljen v tem členu, pomeni plačila vsake vrste, prejeta kot povračilo za uporabo ali pravico do uporabe kakršnih koli avtorskih pravic za literarno, umetniško ali znanstveno delo, vključno s kinematografskimi filmi ter radijskimi in televizijskimi posnetki, kakršnega koli patenta, blagovne znamke, vzorca ali modela, načrta, tajne formule ali postopka ali za informacije o industrijskih, komercialnih ali znanstvenih izkušnjah.
4) Določbe prvega in drugega odstavka se ne uporabljajo, če upravičeni lastnik licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici, v kateri licenčnine in avtorski honorarji nastanejo, prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali v tej drugi državi opravlja samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej ter je pravica ali premoženje, v zvezi s katerim se licenčnine in avtorski honorarji plačajo, dejansko povezano s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
5) Šteje se, da so licenčnine in avtorski honorarji nastali v državi pogodbenici, kadar je plačnik ta država, politična enota, lokalna oblast ali rezident te države. Kadar pa ima oseba, ki plačuje licenčnine in avtorske honorarje, ne glede na to, ali je rezident države pogodbenice, v državi pogodbenici stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo, v zvezi s katero je dejansko povezana pravica ali premoženje, za katero se plačajo licenčnine in avtorski honorarji, ter take licenčnine in avtorske honorarje krije taka stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza, se šteje, da so take licenčnine in avtorski honorarji nastali v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza.
6) Kadar zaradi posebnega odnosa med plačnikom in upravičenim lastnikom ali med njima in drugo osebo znesek licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev glede na uporabo, pravico ali informacijo, za katero se plačujejo, presega znesek, za katerega bi se sporazumela plačnik in upravičeni lastnik, če takega odnosa ne bi bilo, se določbe tega člena uporabljajo samo za zadnji omenjeni znesek. V takem primeru se presežni del plačil še naprej obdavčuje v skladu z zakonodajo vsake države pogodbenice, pri čemer je treba upoštevati druge določbe te konvencije.
13. člen
KAPITALSKI DOBIČEK
1) Dobiček, ki ga rezident države pogodbenice doseže z odtujitvijo nepremičnin, ki so omenjene v 6. členu in so v drugi državi pogodbenici, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2) Dobiček iz odtujitve premičnin, ki so del poslovnega premoženja stalne poslovne enote, ki jo ima podjetje države pogodbenice v drugi državi pogodbenici, ali premičnin, ki se nanašajo na stalno bazo, ki jo ima rezident države pogodbenice na voljo v drugi državi pogodbenici za namen opravljanja samostojnih osebnih storitev, vključno z dobičkom iz odtujitve take stalne poslovne enote (same ali s celotnim podjetjem) ali take stalne baze, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
3) Dobiček, ki ga rezident države pogodbenice doseže z odtujitvijo ladij, letal ali cestnih vozil, s katerimi se opravljajo prevozi v mednarodnem prometu, ali premičnin, ki se nanašajo na opravljanje prevozov s takimi ladjami, letali ali cestnimi vozili, se obdavči samo v tej državi.
4) Dobiček iz odtujitve kakršnega koli premoženja, ki ni premoženje, navedeno v prvem, drugem in tretjem odstavku, se obdavči samo v državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je oseba, ki odtuji premoženje.
5) Določbe četrtega odstavka ne vplivajo na pravice ene ali druge države pogodbenice, da v skladu s svojo zakonodajo odmeri davek od dobička, ki ga doseže rezident druge države iz odtujitve delnic ali obveznic, ki jih izda rezident prve omenjene države, če čas med pridobitvijo in odtujitvijo ni daljši od enega leta.
14. člen
SAMOSTOJNE OSEBNE STORITVE
1) Dohodek, ki ga rezident države pogodbenice dobi iz poklicnih storitev ali drugih samostojnih dejavnosti, se obdavči samo v tej državi, razen če ima stalno bazo, ki mu je redno na voljo v drugi državi pogodbenici za namen opravljanja njegovih dejavnosti. Če ima tako stalno bazo, se dohodek lahko obdavči v drugi državi, a samo toliko dohodka, kolikor se pripiše tej stalni bazi.
2) Izraz “poklicne storitve” vključuje še posebej samostojne znanstvene, literarne, umetniške, izobraževalne ali pedagoške dejavnosti kot tudi samostojne dejavnosti zdravnikov, odvetnikov, inženirjev, arhitektov, zobozdravnikov in računovodij.
15. člen
ODVISNE OSEBNE STORITVE
1) V skladu z določbami 16., 18., 19. in 20. člena se plače, mezde in drugi podobni prejemki, ki jih dobi rezident države pogodbenice iz zaposlitve, obdavčijo samo v tej državi, razen če se zaposlitev izvaja v drugi državi pogodbenici. Če se zaposlitev izvaja tako, se lahko tako pridobljeni prejemki obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2) Ne glede na določbe prvega odstavka se prejemek, ki ga dobi rezident države pogodbenice iz zaposlitve, ki se izvaja v drugi državi pogodbenici, obdavči samo v prvi omenjeni državi, če:
a) je prejemnik navzoč v drugi državi v obdobju ali obdobjih, ki ne presegajo skupno 183 dni v katerem koli obdobju dvanajstih mesecev, ki se začne ali konča v zadevnem koledarskem letu, in
b) prejemek plača delodajalec, ki ni rezident druge države, oziroma se plača v njegovem imenu in
c) prejemka ne krije stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza, ki jo ima delodajalec v drugi državi.
3) Ne glede na prejšnje določbe tega člena se prejemek, ki izhaja iz zaposlitve na ladji, letalu ali cestnem vozilu, s katerim podjetje države pogodbenice opravlja prevoze v mednarodnem prometu, lahko obdavči v tej državi.
16. člen
PLAČILA DIREKTORJEM
Plačila direktorjem in druga podobna plačila, ki jih dobi rezident države pogodbenice kot član upravnega odbora družbe, ki je rezident druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
17. člen
UMETNIKI IN ŠPORTNIKI
1) Ne glede na določbe 14. in 15. člena se dohodek, ki ga dobi rezident države pogodbenice kot nastopajoči izvajalec, kot je gledališki, filmski, radijski ali televizijski umetnik ali glasbenik, ali kot športnik iz takšnih osebnih dejavnosti, ki jih izvaja v drugi državi pogodbenici, lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2) Kadar dohodek iz osebnih dejavnosti, ki jih izvaja nastopajoči izvajalec ali športnik kot tak, ne priraste samemu nastopajočemu izvajalcu ali športniku, temveč drugi osebi, se ta dohodek kljub določbam 7., 14. in 15. člena lahko obdavči v državi pogodbenici, v kateri se izvajajo dejavnosti nastopajočega izvajalca ali športnika.
3) Dohodek, ki ga doseže nastopajoči izvajalec ali športnik iz dejavnosti v državi pogodbenici, je oproščen davka v državi, kadar se obisk v tej državi v celoti ali pretežno financira z javnimi sredstvi druge države pogodbenice ali njene politične enote ali lokalne oblasti.
18. člen
POKOJNINE
V skladu z določbami drugega odstavka 19. člena se pokojnine in drugi podobni prejemki, ki se plačujejo rezidentu države pogodbenice za preteklo zaposlitev, obdavčijo samo v tej državi. Ta določba se uporablja tudi za dosmrtno rento, ki se plačuje rezidentu države pogodbenice.
19. člen
DRŽAVNA SLUŽBA
1) a) Plače, mezde in drugi podobni prejemki razen pokojnin, ki jih plačuje država pogodbenica ali njena politična enota ali lokalna oblast posamezniku za storitve, ki jih opravi za to državo ali enoto ali oblast, se obdavčijo samo v tej državi.
b) Take plače, mezde in drugi podobni prejemki pa se obdavčijo samo v drugi državi pogodbenici, če se storitve opravljajo v tej državi in je posameznik rezident te države, ki:
i) je državljan te države ali
ii) ni postal rezident te države samo za namen opravljanja storitev.
2) a) Vsaka pokojnina, plačana iz skladov države pogodbenice ali njene politične enote ali lokalne oblasti posamezniku za storitve, opravljene za to državo ali enoto ali oblast, se obdavči samo v tej državi.
b) Taka pokojnina pa se obdavči samo v drugi državi pogodbenici, če je posameznik rezident in državljan te države.
3) Določbe 15., 16., 17. in 18. člena se uporabljajo za plače, mezde in druge podobne prejemke ter za pokojnine za storitve, opravljene v zvezi s posli države pogodbenice ali njene politične enote ali lokalne oblasti.
20. člen
PROFESORJI IN RAZISKOVALCI
1) Prejemki, ki jih prejme profesor ali raziskovalec, ki je ali je bil tik pred obiskom države pogodbenice rezident druge države pogodbenice in je navzoč v prvi omenjeni državi predvsem zaradi poučevanja, predavanja ali raziskovanja na univerzi, višji oziroma visoki šoli, šoli ali kateri koli drugi priznani izobraževalni ali raziskovalni ustanovi v obdobju ali obdobjih, ki niso daljša od dveh let, se v tej državi ne obdavčijo za dohodek iz osebnih storitev za tako poučevanje, predavanje ali raziskovanje pod pogojem, da taka plačila nastanejo iz virov zunaj te države.
2) Ta člen se ne uporablja za prejemke, ki jih profesor ali raziskovalec prejme za raziskave, če se raziskave izvajajo predvsem v zasebno korist določene osebe ali oseb.
21. člen
ŠTUDENTI
1) Plačila, ki jih študent ali pripravnik, ki je ali je bil tik pred obiskom države pogodbenice rezident druge države pogodbenice in je v prvi omenjeni državi navzoč samo za namen svojega izobraževanja ali usposabljanja, prejme za svoje vzdrževanje, izobraževanje ali usposabljanje, se ne obdavčijo v tej državi pod pogojem, da taka plačila nastanejo iz virov zunaj te države.
2) Glede podpor, štipendij in prejemkov iz zaposlitve, ki jih ne opredeljuje prvi odstavek tega člena, je študent ali pripravnik med takim izobraževanjem ali usposabljanjem upravičen do enakih olajšav, oprostitev ali znižanj za davke, kot jih imajo rezidenti države pogodbenice, v kateri je na obisku.
22. člen
DRUGI DOHODKI
1) Deli dohodka rezidenta države pogodbenice, ki nastanejo kjer koli in niso obravnavani v predhodnih členih te konvencije, se obdavčijo samo v tej državi.
2) Določbe prvega odstavka se ne uporabljajo za dohodek, ki ni dohodek iz nepremičnin, kot so opredeljene v drugem odstavku 6. člena, če prejemnik takega dohodka, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali opravlja v tej drugi državi samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej in je pravica ali premoženje, za katero se plača dohodek, dejansko povezano s to stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
23. člen
ODPRAVA DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA
1) Kadar rezident države pogodbenice dobi dohodek, ki se v skladu z določbami te konvencije lahko obdavči v drugi državi pogodbenici, prva omenjena država dovoli kot odbitek od davka od dohodka tega rezidenta znesek, ki je enak davku od dohodka, plačanemu v tej drugi državi.
Tak odbitek pa ne sme presegati tistega dela davka od dohodka, ki je bil izračunan pred odbitkom, pripisanim dohodku, ki se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2) Kadar je v skladu s katero koli določbo te konvencije dohodek, ki ga dobi rezident države pogodbenice, oproščen davka v tej državi, lahko ta država pri izračunu davka od preostalega dohodka takega rezidenta vseeno upošteva oproščeni dohodek.
24. člen
ENAKO OBRAVNAVANJE
1) Državljani države pogodbenice ne smejo biti v drugi državi pogodbenici zavezani kakršnemu koli obdavčevanju ali kakršni koli zahtevi v zvezi s tem, ki je drugačna ali bolj obremenjujoča, kot so ali so lahko obdavčevanje in s tem povezane zahteve za državljane te druge države v enakih okoliščinah, še zlasti glede rezidentstva.
2) Osebe brez državljanstva, ki so rezidenti države pogodbenice, v nobeni državi pogodbenici ne smejo biti zavezane kakršnemu koli obdavčevanju ali kakršni koli zahtevi v zvezi s tem, ki je drugačna ali bolj obremenjujoča, kot so ali so lahko obdavčevanje in s tem povezane zahteve za državljane te države v enakih okoliščinah.
3) Ob upoštevanju določb četrtega odstavka 10. člena obdavčevanje stalne poslovne enote, ki jo ima podjetje države pogodbenice v drugi državi pogodbenici, ne sme biti manj ugodno v tej drugi državi, kot je obdavčevanje podjetij te druge države, ki opravljajo enake dejavnosti.
4) Ta določba se ne razlaga, kot da zavezuje državo pogodbenico, da priznava rezidentom druge države pogodbenice kakršne koli osebne olajšave, druge olajšave in znižanja za davčne namene zaradi osebnega stanja ali družinskih obveznosti, ki jih priznava svojim rezidentom.
5) Razen kadar se uporabljajo določbe prvega odstavka 9. člena, sedmega odstavka 11. člena ali šestega odstavka 12. člena, se obresti, licenčnine in avtorski honorarji ter druga izplačila, ki jih plača podjetje države pogodbenice rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, pri določanju obdavčljivega dobička takega podjetja odbijejo pod istimi pogoji, kot če bi bili plačani rezidentu prve omenjene države.
6) Podjetja države pogodbenice, katerih kapital je v celoti ali delno, neposredno ali posredno v lasti ali pod nadzorom enega ali več rezidentov druge države pogodbenice, ne smejo biti v prvi omenjeni državi zavezana kakršnemu koli obdavčevanju ali kakršni koli zahtevi v zvezi s tem, ki je drugačna ali bolj obremenjujoča, kot so ali so lahko obdavčevanje in s tem povezane zahteve za druga podobna podjetja prve omenjene države.
7) Določbe tega člena se uporabljajo samo za davke iz te konvencije.
25. člen
POSTOPEK SKUPNEGA DOGOVORA
1) Kadar oseba meni, da imajo ali bodo imela dejanja ene ali obeh držav pogodbenic zanjo za posledico obdavčevanje, ki ni v skladu z določbami te konvencije, lahko ne glede na sredstva, ki ji jih omogoča domača zakonodaja teh držav, predloži zadevo pristojnemu organu države pogodbenice, katere rezident je, ali če se njen primer nanaša na prvi odstavek 24. člena, tiste države pogodbenice, katere državljan je. Zadeva mora biti predložena v treh letih od prvega uradnega obvestila o dejanju, ki je imelo za posledico obdavčevanje, ki ni v skladu z določbami konvencije.
2) Pristojni organ si, če se mu zdi pritožba upravičena in če sam ne more priti do zadovoljive rešitve, prizadeva rešiti primer s skupnim dogovorom s pristojnim organom druge države pogodbenice z namenom izogniti se obdavčevanju, ki ni v skladu s konvencijo. Vsak dosežen dogovor se izvaja ne glede na roke v domači zakonodaji držav pogodbenic.
3) Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic si prizadevata s skupnim dogovorom razrešiti kakršne koli težave ali dvome, ki nastanejo pri razlagi ali uporabi konvencije. Prav tako se lahko med seboj posvetujeta o odpravi dvojnega obdavčevanja v primerih, ki jih konvencija ne predvideva.
4) Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic lahko neposredno komunicirata med seboj, vključno prek skupne komisije, ki jo sestavljata sama ali njuni predstavniki, da bi dosegla dogovor v smislu prejšnjih odstavkov.
26. člen
IZMENJAVA INFORMACIJ
1) Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic si izmenjavata take informacije, ki so potrebne za izvajanje določb te konvencije ali notranje zakonodaje držav pogodbenic glede davkov, za katere se uporablja ta konvencija, kolikor obdavčevanje na njihovi podlagi ni v nasprotju s konvencijo. Izmenjava informacij ni omejena s 1. členom. Vsaka informacija, ki jo prejme država pogodbenica, se obravnava kot tajnost na isti način kot informacije, pridobljene po notranji zakonodaji te države, in se razkrije samo osebam ali organom (vključno s sodišči in upravnimi organi), udeleženim pri odmeri ali pobiranju, izterjavi ali pregonu ali pri odločanju o pritožbah glede davkov, za katere se uporablja konvencija. Te osebe ali organi uporabljajo informacije samo v te namene. Informacije lahko razkrijejo na sodnih obravnavah ali pri sodnih odločitvah.
2) V nobenem primeru se določbe prvega odstavka ne razlagajo, kot da nalagajo državi pogodbenici obveznost:
a) da izvaja upravne ukrepe, ki niso v skladu z zakonodajo in upravno prakso te ali druge države pogodbenice,
b) da priskrbi informacije, ki jih ni mogoče dobiti po zakonski ali običajni upravni poti te ali druge države pogodbenice,
c) da priskrbi informacije, ki bi razkrile kakršno koli trgovinsko, poslovno, industrijsko, komercialno ali poklicno skrivnost ali trgovinske postopke, ali informacije, katerih razkritje bi bilo v nasprotju z javnim redom.
27. člen
ČLANI DIPLOMATSKIH PREDSTAVNIŠTEV IN KONZULATOV
Nič v tej konvenciji ne vpliva na davčne ugodnosti članov diplomatskih predstavništev ali konzulatov po splošnih pravilih mednarodnega prava ali določbah posebnih sporazumov.
28. člen
ZAČETEK VELJAVNOSTI
1) Vsaka država pogodbenica drugo državo pogodbenico obvesti, da so končani postopki, ki so po njeni zakonodaji potrebni za začetek veljavnosti te konvencije. Ta konvencija začne veljati na datum prejema zadnjega obvestila.
2) Določbe te konvencije se uporabljajo:
a) za davke, zadržane pri viru od zneskov, plačanih ali pripisanih prvega januarja ali po prvem januarju, ki sledi datumu začetka veljavnosti te konvencije, in
b) za druge davke za davčna leta z začetkom prvega januarja ali po prvem januarju, ki sledi datumu začetka veljavnosti te konvencije.
29. člen
PRENEHANJE VELJAVNOSTI
Ta konvencija velja, dokler je država pogodbenica ne odpove. Vsaka država pogodbenica lahko odpove konvencijo po diplomatski poti z obvestilom o odpovedi najmanj šest mesecev pred koncem katerega koli koledarskega leta, ki se začne po preteku petih let od datuma začetka veljavnosti konvencije. V takem primeru se konvencija preneha uporabljati:
a) za davke, zadržane pri viru od zneskov, plačanih ali pripisanih po koncu koledarskega leta, v katerem je bilo dano obvestilo o odpovedi, in
b) za druge davke za davčna leta z začetkom po koncu koledarskega leta, v katerem je bilo dano obvestilo o odpovedi.
V DOKAZ NAVEDENEGA sta podpisana, ki sta bila za to pravilno pooblaščena, podpisala to konvencijo.
Sestavljeno v dveh izvirnikih v Ljubljani dne 19. aprila 2001 v slovenskem, turškem in angleškem jeziku, pri čemer so vsa tri besedila enako verodostojna. V primeru razhajanj med besedili prevlada angleško besedilo.
Za Republiko Slovenijo:
Dimitrij Rupel l. r.
Za Republiko Turčijo:
Ismail Cem l. r.
PROTOKOL
Ob podpisu Konvencije med Republiko Slovenijo in Republiko Turčijo o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja v zvezi z davki od dohodka sta se podpisana, ki sta bila za to pravilno pooblaščena, sporazumela o naslednjih določbah, ki so sestavni del te konvencije:
V zvezi z drugim odstavkom 25. člena:
V zvezi z drugim odstavkom 25. člena se razume, da mora v primeru Turčije davkoplačevalec zahtevati vračilo davka na podlagi takega skupnega dogovora v roku enega leta po tem, ko je davčna uprava obvestila davkoplačevalca o rezultatu skupnega dogovora.
Sestavljeno v dveh izvirnikih v Ljubljani dne 19.aprila 2001 v slovenskem, turškem in angleškem jeziku, pri čemer so vsa tri besedila enako verodostojna. V primeru razhajanj med besedili prevlada angleško besedilo.
Za Republiko Slovenijo:
Dimitrij Rupel l. r.
Za Republiko Turčijo:
Ismail Cem l. r.
C O N V E N T I O N
BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME
The Republic of Slovenia and the Republic of Turkey, desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income,
Have agreed as follows:
Article 1
PERSONAL SCOPE
This Convention shall apply to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States.
Article 2
TAXES COVERED
(1) This Convention shall apply to taxes on income imposed on behalf of a Contracting State or of its political subdivisions or local authorities, irrespective of the manner in which they are levied.
(2) There shall be regarded as taxes on income all taxes imposed on total income, or on elements of income, including taxes on gains from the alienation of movable or immovable property, taxes on the total amounts of wages or salaries paid by enterprises.
(3) The existing taxes to which the Convention shall apply are in particular:
a) in Slovenia:
(i) the tax on profits of legal persons (davek od dobička pravnih oseb);
(ii) the tax on income of individuals, including wages and salaries, income from agricultural activities, income from business, capital gains and income from immovable and movable property (dohodnina);
(hereinafter referred to as “Slovenian tax“);
b) in Turkey:
(i) the income tax (Gelir Vergisi);
(ii) the corporation tax (Kurumlar Vergisi);
(iii) the levy imposed on the income tax and corporation tax (Gelir Vergisi ve Kurumlar Vergisi üzerinden alnan fon pay);
(hereinafter referred to as “Turkish tax”).
(4) The Convention shall apply also to any identical or substantially similar taxes which are imposed after the date of signature of the Convention in addition to, or in place of, the existing taxes. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall notify each other of significant changes which have been made in their respective taxation laws.
Article 3
GENERAL DEFINITIONS
(1) For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:
a) (i) the term “Slovenia” means the Republic of Slovenia and includes the territory under its sovereignty, including air space and maritime areas, over which the Republic of Slovenia exercises its sovereignty or jurisdiction, in accordance with international law;
(ii) the term “Turkey” means the Turkish territory including territorial sea and air space above it, as well as the maritime areas over which it has jurisdiction or sovereign rights for the purpose of exploration, exploitation and conservation of natural resources, pursuant to international law;
b) the terms “a Contracting State” and “the other Contracting State” mean Turkey or Slovenia as the context requires;
c) the term “person“ includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons;
d) the term “company“ means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes;
e) a company has its “place of incorporation”:
(i) in Turkey, if its legal head office is registered in Turkey under the Turkish Code of Commerce; or
(ii) in Slovenia, if it is organized, created or incorporated under the laws of the Slovenia;
f) the terms “enterprise of a Contracting State“ and “enterprise of the other Contracting State“ mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;
g) the term “international traffic“ means any transport by a ship, aircraft or road vehicle operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State, except when the ship, aircraft or road vehicle is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State;
h) the term “competent authority“ means:
(i) in Slovenia: the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Slovenia or its authorized representative;
(ii) in Turkey: the Minister of Finance or his authorized representative;
i) the term “national“ means:
(i) any individual possessing the nationality of a Contracting State;
(ii) any legal person, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in a Contracting State.
(2) As regards the application of the Convention at any time by a Contracting State, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.
Article 4
RESIDENT
(1) For the purposes of this Convention, the term “resident of a Contracting State“ means any person who, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of his domicile, residence, place of incorporation, place of management or any other criterion of a similar nature and also includes that State and any political subdivision or local authority thereof. This term, however, does not include any person who is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State.
(2) Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his status shall be determined as follows:
a) he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home available to him in both States, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);
b) if the State in which he has his centre of vital interests cannot be determined, or if he has not a permanent home available to him in either State, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has an habitual abode;
c) if he has an habitual abode in both States or in neither of them, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State of which he is a national;
d) if he is a national of both States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.
(3) Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then it shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which it has its place of incorporation.
Article 5
PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT
(1) For the purposes of this Convention, the term “permanent establishment“ means a fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.
(2) The term “permanent establishment“ includes especially:
a) a place of management;
b) a branch;
c) an office;
d) a factory;
e) a workshop; and
f) a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources.
(3) A building site, construction or installation project constitutes a permanent establishment only if such site or project continue for a period of more than twelve months.
(4) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article the term “permanent establishment“ shall be deemed not to include:
a) the use of facilities solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise;
b) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery;
c) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of processing by another enterprise;
d) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of purchasing goods or merchandise or of collecting information, for the enterprise;
e) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of carrying on, for the enterprise, any other activity of a preparatory or auxiliary character;
f) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for any combination of activities mentioned in subparagraphs (a) to (e), provided that the overall activity of the fixed place of business resulting from this combination is of a preparatory or auxiliary character.
(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, where a person - other than an agent of an independent status to whom paragraph 6 applies - is acting on behalf of an enterprise and has, and habitually exercises, in a Contracting State an authority to conclude contracts in the name of the enterprise, that enterprise shall be deemed to have a permanent establishment in that State in respect of any activities which that person undertakes for the enterprise, unless the activities of such person are limited to those mentioned in paragraph 4 which, if exercised through a fixed place of business, would not make this fixed place of business a permanent establishment under the provisions of that paragraph.
(6) An enterprise of a Contracting State shall not be deemed to have a permanent establishment in the other Contracting State merely because it carries on business in that State through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent of an independent status, provided that such persons are acting in the ordinary course of their business.
(7) The fact that a company which is a resident of a Contracting State controls or is controlled by a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State or which carries on business in that other State (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise), shall not of itself constitute either company a permanent establishment of the other.
Article 6
INCOME FROM IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
(1) Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State from immovable property (including income from agriculture or forestry) situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
(2) The term “immovable property“ shall have the meaning which it has under the law of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated. The term shall in any case include property accessory to immovable property, livestock and equipment used in agriculture (including the breeding and cultivation of fish) and forestry, rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources; ships, boats and aircraft shall not be regarded as immovable property.
(3) The provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting, or use in any other form of immovable property.
(4) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 3 shall also apply to the income from immovable property of an enterprise and to income from immovable property used for the performance of independent personal services.
Article 7
BUSINESS PROFITS
(1) The profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on business as aforesaid, the profits of the enterprise may be taxed in the other State but only so much of them as is attributable to that permanent establishment.
(2) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, where an enterprise of a Contracting State carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, there shall in each Contracting State be attributed to that permanent establishment the profits which it might be expected to make if it were a distinct and separate enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions and dealing wholly independently with the enterprise of which it is a permanent establishment.
(3) In determining the profits of a permanent establishment, there shall be allowed as deductions expenses which are incurred for the purposes of the permanent establishment, including executive and general administrative expenses so incurred, whether in the State in which the permanent establishment is situated or elsewhere.
(4) Insofar as it has been customary in a Contracting State to determine the profits to be attributed to a permanent establishment on the basis of an apportionment of the total profits of the enterprise to its various parts, nothing in paragraph 2 shall preclude that Contracting State from determining the profits to be taxed by such an apportionment as may be customary; the method of apportionment adopted shall, however, be such that the result shall be in accordance with the principles contained in this Article.
(5) No profits shall be attributed to a permanent establishment by reason of the mere purchase by that permanent establishment of goods or merchandise for the enterprise.
(6) For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, the profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment shall be determined by the same method year by year unless there is good and sufficient reason to the contrary.
(7) Where profits include items of income which are dealt with separately in other Articles of this Convention, then the provisions of those Articles shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article.
Article 8
SHIPPING, AIR AND ROAD TRANSPORT
(1) Profits derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of ships, aircraft or road vehicles in international traffic shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) For the purposes of this Article, profits derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic shall include inter alia profits derived from the use or rental of containers, if such profits are incidental to the profits to which the provisions of paragraph 1 apply.
(3) The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall also apply to profits from the participation in a pool, a joint business or an international operating agency.
Article 9
ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES
(1) Where
a) an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, or
b) the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of a Contracting State and an enterprise of the other Contracting State,
and in either case conditions are made or imposed between the two enterprises in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which would be made between independent enterprises, then any profits which would, but for those conditions, have accrued to one of the enterprises, but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise and taxed accordingly.
(2) Where a Contracting State includes in the profits of an enterprise of that State - and taxes accordingly - profits on which an enterprise of the other Contracting State has been charged to tax in that other State and the profits so included are by the first-mentioned state claimed to be profits which would have accrued to the enterprise of the first-mentioned State if the conditions made between the two enterprises had been those which would have been made between independent enterprises, then that other State shall make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of the tax charged therein on those profits, where that other State considers the adjustment justified. In determining such adjustment, due regard shall be had to the other provisions of this Convention and the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall if necessary consult each other.
Article 10
DIVIDENDS
(1) Dividends paid by a company which is a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
(2) However, such dividends may also be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a resident of the other Contracting State the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends.
This paragraph shall not affect the taxation of the company in respect of the profits out of which the dividends are paid.
(3) The term “dividends“ as used in this Article means income from shares, “jouissance” shares or “jouissance” rights, founders’ shares or other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as income from other corporate rights which is subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from shares by the laws of the State of which the company making the distribution is a resident, and income derived from an investment fund and investment trust.
(4) Profits of a company of a Contracting State carrying on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein may, after having been taxed under Article 7, be taxed on the remaining amount in the Contracting State in which the permanent establishment is situated. However, such tax may not be imposed at a rate in excess of the rate specified in paragraph 2.
(5) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
(6) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 4, where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives profits or income from the other Contracting State, that other State may not impose any tax on the dividends paid by the company, except insofar as such dividends are paid to a resident of that other State or insofar as the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with a permanent establishment or a fixed base situated in that other State, nor subject the company’s undistributed profits to a tax on the company’s undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of profits or income arising in such other State.
Article 11
INTEREST
(1) Interest arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
(2) However, such interest may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which it arises, and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the interest is a resident of the other Contracting State the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the interest.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2, interest arising in a Contracting State and beneficially owned by a Government of the other Contracting State including political subdivision or local authorities or by a Central Bank thereof, shall be exempt from tax in the first-mentioned State.
(4) The term “interest“ as used in this Article means income from debt claims of every kind, whether or not secured by mortgage and whether or not carrying a right to participate in the debtor’s profits, and in particular, income from government securities and income from bonds or debentures, including premiums and prizes attaching to such securities, bonds or debentures.
(5) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the interest, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the interest arises, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the debt claim in respect of which the interest is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
(6) Interest shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is that State itself, a political subdivision, a local authority or a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the interest, whether he is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the indebtedness on which the interest is paid was incurred, and such interest is borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such interest shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.
(7) Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the interest, having regard to the debt claim for which it is paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.
Article 12
ROYALTIES
(1) Royalties arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
(2) However, such royalties may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the royalties is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the royalties.
(3) The term “royalties“ as used in this Article means payments of any kind received as a consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright of literary, artistic or scientific work including cinematograph films and recordings for radio and television, any patent, trade mark, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, or for information concerning industrial, commercial or scientific experience.
(4) The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the royalties, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the royalties arise, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the royalties are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
(5) Royalties shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is that State itself, a political subdivision, a local authority or a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the royalties, whether he is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the right or property giving rise to the royalties is effectively connected, and such royalties are borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such royalties shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.
(6) Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the royalties, having regard to the use, right or information for which they are paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.
Article 13
CAPITAL GAINS
(1) Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of immovable property referred to in Article 6 and situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
(2) Gains from the alienation of movable property forming part of the business property of a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State or of movable property pertaining to a fixed base available to a resident of a Contracting State in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing independent personal services, including such gains from the alienation of such a permanent establishment (alone or with the whole enterprise) or of such fixed base, may be taxed in that other State.
(3) Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of ships, aircraft or road vehicles operated in international traffic, or movable property pertaining to the operation of such ships, aircraft or road vehicles shall be taxable only in that State.
(4) Gains from the alienation of any property other than that referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the alienator is a resident.
(5) The provisions of paragraph 4 shall not affect the right of one of the Contracting States to levy according to its own law a tax on gains derived by a resident of the other State from the alienation of shares or bonds issued by a resident of the first-mentioned State if the period between acquisition and alienation does not exceed one year.
Article 14
INDEPENDENT PERSONAL SERVICES
(1) Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of professional services or other activities of an independent character shall be taxable only in that State unless he has a fixed base regularly available to him in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing his activities. If he has such a fixed base, the income may be taxed in the other State but only so much of it as is attributable to that fixed base.
(2) The term “professional services“ includes especially independent scientific, literary, artistic, educational or teaching activities as well as the independent activities of physicians, lawyers, engineers, architects, dentists and accountants.
Article 15
DEPENDENT PERSONAL SERVICES
(1) Subject to the provisions of Articles 16, 18, 19 and 20, salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that State unless the employment is exercised in the other Contracting State. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if:
a) the recipient is present in the other State for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period commencing or ending in the calendar year concerned, and
b) the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of the other State, and
c) the remuneration is not borne by a permanent establishment or a fixed base which the employer has in the other State.
(3) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article remuneration derived in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship, aircraft or road vehicle operated in international traffic by an enterprise of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.
Article 16
DIRECTORS’ FEES
Directors’ fees and other similar payments derived by a resident of a Contracting State in his capacity as a member of the board of directors of a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
Article 17
ARTISTES AND SPORTSMEN
(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 14 and 15, income derived by a resident of a Contracting State as an entertainer, such as a theatre, motion picture, radio or television artiste, or a musician, or as a sportsman, from his personal activities as such exercised in the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.
(2) Where income in respect of personal activities exercised by an entertainer or a sportsman in his capacity as such accrues not to the entertainer or sportsman himself but to another person, that income may, notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 7, 14 and 15, be taxed in the Contracting State in which the activities of the entertainer or sportsman are exercised.
(3) Income derived by an entertainer or a sportsman from activities exercised in a Contracting State shall be exempt from tax in the State, if the visit to that State is supported wholly or mainly by public funds of the other Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.
Article 18
PENSIONS
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment shall be taxable only in that State. This provision shall also apply to life annuities paid to a resident of a Contracting State.
Article 19
GOVERNMENT SERVICE
(1) a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
(2) a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
(3) The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.
Article 20
PROFESSORS AND RESEARCHERS
(1) Remuneration received by a professor or by a researcher who is or was immediately before visiting a Contracting State a resident of the other Contracting State and who is present in the first-mentioned State for the primary purpose of teaching, lecturing or engaging in a research at a university, college, school, or any other recognized educational or research institution for a period or periods not exceeding two years shall be exempt from tax in that State on his remuneration from personal services for such teaching, lecturing or research provided that such payments arise from sources outside that State.
(2) This Article shall not apply to remuneration which a professor or a researcher receives for conduction of research if the research is undertaken primarily for the private benefit of a specific person or persons.
Article 21
STUDENTS
(1) Payments which a student or business apprentice who is or was immediately before visiting a Contracting State a resident of the other Contracting State and who is present in the first-mentioned State solely for the purpose of his education or training receives for the purpose of his maintenance, education or training shall not be taxed in that State, provided that such payments arise from sources outside that State.
(2) In respect of grants, scholarships and remuneration from employment not covered by paragraph 1 of this Article, a student or business apprentice shall be entitled during such education or training to the same exemptions, reliefs or reductions in respect of taxes as are available to the residents of the Contracting State he is visiting.
Article 22
OTHER INCOME
(1) Items of income of a resident of a Contracting State, wherever arising, not dealt with in the foregoing Articles of this Convention shall be taxable only in that State.
(2) The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply to income, other than income from immovable property as defined in paragraph 2 of Article 6, if the recipient of such income, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the income is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
Article 23
ELIMINATION OF DOUBLE TAXATION
(1) Where a resident of a Contracting State derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, may be taxed in the other Contracting State, the first – mentioned State shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the tax on the income paid in that other State.
Such deduction shall not, however, exceed that part of the tax on the income, as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable to the income which may be taxed in that other State.
(2) Where in accordance with any provision of the Convention income derived by a resident of a Contracting State is exempt from tax in that State, such State may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on the remaining income of such resident, take into account the exempted income.
Article 24
NON-DISCRIMINATION
(1) Nationals of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in the other Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith, which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of that other State in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected.
(2) Stateless persons who are residents of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in either Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of the State concerned in the same circumstances are or may be subjected.
(3) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 4 of Article 10 the taxation on a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State shall not be less favourably levied in that other State than the taxation levied on enterprises of that other State carrying on the same activities.
(4) This provision shall not be construed as obliging a Contracting State to grant to residents of the other Contracting State any personal allowances, reliefs and reductions for taxation purposes on account of civil status or family responsibilities which it grants to its own residents.
(5) Except where the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 9, paragraph 7 of Article 11, or paragraph 6 of Article 12, apply, interest, royalties and other disbursements paid by an enterprise of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State shall, for the purpose of determining the taxable profits of such enterprise, be deductible under the same conditions as if they had been paid to a resident of the first-mentioned State.
(6) Enterprises of a Contracting State, the capital of which is wholly or partly owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by one or more residents of the other Contracting State, shall not be subjected in the first-mentioned State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which other similar enterprises of the first-mentioned State are or may be subjected.
(7) The provisions of this Article shall apply only to taxes covered by the Convention.
Article 25
MUTUAL AGREEMENT PROCEDURE
(1) Where a person considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result for him in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, he may, irrespective of the remedies provided by the domestic law of those States, present his case to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which he is a resident or, if his case comes under paragraph 1 of Article 24, to that of the Contracting State of which he is a national. The case must be presented within three years from the first notification of the action resulting in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of the Convention.
(2) The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at a satisfactory solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Contracting State, with a view to the avoidance of taxation which is not in accordance with the Convention. Any agreement reached shall be implemented notwithstanding any time limits in the domestic law of the Contracting States.
(3) The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Convention. They may also consult together for the elimination of double taxation in cases not provided for in the Convention.
(4) The competent authorities of the Contracting States may communicate with each other directly including through a joint commission consisting of themselves or their representatives, for the purpose of reaching an agreement in the sense of the preceding paragraphs.
Article 26
EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION
(1) The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall exchange such information as is necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Convention or of the domestic laws of the Contracting States concerning taxes covered by the Convention insofar as the taxation thereunder is not contrary to the Convention. The exchange of information is not restricted by Article 1. Any information received by a Contracting State shall be treated as secret in the same manner as information obtained under the domestic laws of that State and shall be disclosed only to persons or authorities (including courts and administrative bodies) concerned with the assessment or collection of, the enforcement or prosecution in respect of, or the determination of appeals in relation to, the taxes covered by the Convention. Such persons or authorities shall use the information only for such purposes. They may disclose the information in public court proceedings or in judicial decisions.
(2) In no case shall the provisions of paragraph 1 be construed so as to impose on a Contracting State the obligation:
a) to carry out administrative measures at variance with the laws and administrative practice of that or of the other Contracting State;
b) to supply information which is not obtainable under the laws or in the normal course of the administration of that or of the other Contracting State;
c) to supply information which would disclose any trade, business, industrial, commercial or professional secret or trade process, or information, the disclosure of which would be contrary to public policy (ordre public).
Article 27
MEMBERS OF DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND CONSULAR POSTS
Nothing in this Convention shall affect the fiscal privileges of members of diplomatic missions or consular posts under the general rules of international law or under the provisions of special agreements.
Article 28
ENTRY INTO FORCE
(1) Each Contracting State shall notify to the other Contracting State the completion of the procedures required by its law for the bringing into force this Convention. This Convention shall enter into force on the date of the later of these notifications.
(2) The provisions of this Convention shall have effect:
a) with regard to taxes withheld at source, in respect of amounts paid or credited on or after the first day of January next following the date upon which this Convention enters into force; and
b) with regard to other taxes, in respect of taxable years beginning on or after the first day of January next following the date upon which this Convention enters into force.
Article 29
TERMINATION
This Convention shall remain in force until terminated by a Contracting State. Either Contracting State may terminate the Convention, through diplomatic channels, by giving notice of termination at least six months before the end of any calendar year beginning after the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Convention. In such event, the Convention shall cease to have effect:
a) with regard to taxes withheld at source, in respect of amounts paid or credited after the end of calendar year in which such notice is given; and
b) with regard to other taxes, in respect of taxable years beginning after the end of calendar year in which such notice is given.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned duly authorized hereto, have signed the present Convention.
Done in duplicate at Ljubljana this 19th day of April 2001 in the Slovenian, Turkish and English languages, all three texts being equally authentic. In the case of divergence between the texts, the English text shall prevail.
For the Republic of Slovenia:
Dimitrij Rupel, (s)
For the Republic of Turkey:
Ismail Cem, (s)
PROTOCOL
At the signing of the Convention between The Republic of Slovenia and The Republic of Turkey for the Avoidance of Double Taxation with respect to Taxes on Income the undersigned duly authorized hereto, have agreed on the following provisions which shall form an integral part of the said Convention:
With reference to paragraph 2 of Article 25:
It is understood that with respect to paragraph 2 of Article 25 the taxpayer must in a case of Turkey claim the refund resulting from such mutual agreement within a period of one year after the tax administration has notified the taxpayer of the result of the mutual agreement.
Done in duplicate at Ljubljana this 19th day of April 2001, in the Slovenian, Turkish and English languages, all three texts being equally authentic. In the case of divergence between the texts, the English text shall prevail.
For the Republic of Slovenia:
Dimitrij Rupel, (s)
For the Republic of Turkey:
Ismail Cem, (s)
3. člen
Za izvajanje konvencije s protokolom skrbi Ministrstvo za finance.
4. člen
Ta zakon začne veljati naslednji dan po objavi v Uradnem listu Republike Slovenije - Mednarodne pogodbe.
Št. 432-01/02-22/1
Ljubljana, dne 21. marca 2002
Predsednik
Državnega zbora
Republike Slovenije
Borut Pahor l. r.
* Besedilo konvencije v turškem jeziku je na vpogled v Sektorju za mednarodnopravne zadeve Ministrstva za zunanje zadeve.