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Uradni list RS, št. 1/2015 z dne 5. 1. 2015
Uradni list

Uradni list RS, št. 1/2015 z dne 5. 1. 2015

Kazalo

1. Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije Sveta Evrope o preprečevanju nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ter o boju proti njima (MKPNZND), stran 1.

Na podlagi druge alinee prvega odstavka 107. člena in prvega odstavka 91. člena Ustave Republike Slovenije izdajam
U K A Z
o razglasitvi Zakona o ratifikaciji Konvencije Sveta Evrope o preprečevanju nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ter o boju proti njima (MKPNZND)
Razglašam Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije Sveta Evrope o preprečevanju nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ter o boju proti njima (MKPNZND), ki ga je sprejel Državni zbor Republike Slovenije na seji dne 19. decembra 2014.
Št. 003-02-10/2014-18
Ljubljana, dne 29. decembra 2014
Borut Pahor l.r.
Predsednik
Republike Slovenije
Z A K O N
O RATIFIKACIJI KONVENCIJE SVETA EVROPE O PREPREČEVANJU NASILJA NAD ŽENSKAMI IN NASILJA V DRUŽINI TER O BOJU PROTI NJIMA (MKPNZND)
1. člen
Ratificira se Konvencija Sveta Evrope o preprečevanju nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ter o boju proti njima, sklenjena v Istanbulu 7. aprila 2011.
2. člen
Besedilo konvencije se v izvirniku v angleškem jeziku ter v prevodu v slovenskem jeziku glasi:
C O U N C I L O F E U R O P E C O N V E N T I O N
ON PREVENTING AND COMBATING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Preamble
The member states of the Council of Europe and the other signatories hereto,
Recalling the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ETS No. 5, 1950) and its Protocols, the European Social Charter (ETS No. 35, 1961, revised in 1996, ETS No. 163), the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (ETS No. 197, 2005) and the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (ETS No. 201, 2007);
Recalling the following recommendations of the Committee of Ministers to member states of the Council of Europe: Recommendation Rec(2002)5 on the protection of women against violence, Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)17 on gender equality standards and mechanisms, Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)10 on the role of women and men in conflict prevention and resolution and in peace building, and other relevant recommendations;
Taking account of the growing body of case law of the European Court of Human Rights which sets important standards in the field of violence against women;
Having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966), the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (“CEDAW”, 1979) and its Optional Protocol (1999) as well as General Recommendation No. 19 of the CEDAW Committee on violence against women, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and its Optional Protocols (2000) and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006);
Having regard to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (2002);
Recalling the basic principles of international humanitarian law, and especially the Geneva Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (1949) and the Additional Protocols I and II (1977) thereto;
Condemning all forms of violence against women and domestic violence;
Recognising that the realisation of de jure and de facto equality between women and men is a key element in the prevention of violence against women;
Recognising that violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between women and men, which have led to domination over, and discrimination against, women by men and to the prevention of the full advancement of women;
Recognising the structural nature of violence against women as gender-based violence, and that violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men;
Recognising, with grave concern, that women and girls are often exposed to serious forms of violence such as domestic violence, sexual harassment, rape, forced marriage, crimes committed in the name of so-called “honour” and genital mutilation, which constitute a serious violation of the human rights of women and girls and a major obstacle to the achievement of equality between women and men;
Recognising the ongoing human rights violations during armed conflicts that affect the civilian population, especially women in the form of widespread or systematic rape and sexual violence and the potential for increased gender-based violence both during and after conflicts;
Recognising that women and girls are exposed to a higher risk of gender-based violence than men;
Recognising that domestic violence affects women disproportionately, and that men may also be victims of domestic violence;
Recognising that children are victims of domestic violence, including as witnesses of violence in the family;
Aspiring to create a Europe free from violence against women and domestic violence,
Have agreed as follows:
Chapter I – Purposes, definitions, equality and non-discrimination, general obligations
Purposes of the Convention
Article 1
1. The purposes of this Convention are to:
a. protect women against all forms of violence, and prevent, prosecute and eliminate violence against women and domestic violence;
b. contribute to the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and promote substantive equality between women and men, including by empowering women;
c. design a comprehensive framework, policies and measures for the protection of and assistance to all victims of violence against women and domestic violence;
d. promote international co-operation with a view to eliminating violence against women and domestic violence;
e. provide support and assistance to organisations and law enforcement agencies to effectively co-operate in order to adopt an integrated approach to eliminating violence against women and domestic violence.
2. In order to ensure effective implementation of its provisions by the Parties, this Convention establishes a specific monitoring mechanism.
Scope of the Convention
Article 2
1. This Convention shall apply to all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence, which affects women disproportionately.
2. Parties are encouraged to apply this Convention to all victims of domestic violence. Parties shall pay particular attention to women victims of gender-based violence in implementing the provisions of this Convention.
3. This Convention shall apply in times of peace and in situations of armed conflict.
Definitions
Article 3
For the purpose of this Convention:
a. “violence against women” is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and shall mean all acts of gender-based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life;
b. “domestic violence” shall mean all acts of physical, sexual, psychological or economic violence that occur within the family or domestic unit or between former or current spouses or partners, whether or not the perpetrator shares or has shared the same residence with the victim;
c. “gender” shall mean the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for women and men;
d. “gender-based violence against women” shall mean violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately;
e. “victim” shall mean any natural person who is subject to the conduct specified in points a and b;
f. “women” includes girls under the age of 18.
Fundamental rights, equality and non-discrimination
Article 4
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to promote and protect the right for everyone, particularly women, to live free from violence in both the public and the private sphere.
2. Parties condemn all forms of discrimination against women and take, without delay, the necessary legislative and other measures to prevent it, in particular by:
– embodying in their national constitutions or other appropriate legislation the principle of equality between women and men and ensuring the practical realisation of this principle;
– prohibiting discrimination against women, including through the use of sanctions, where appropriate;
– abolishing laws and practices which discriminate against women.
3. The implementation of the provisions of this Convention by the Parties, in particular measures to protect the rights of victims, shall be secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, gender, race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, state of health, disability, marital status, migrant or refugee status, or other status.
4. Special measures that are necessary to prevent and protect women from gender-based violence shall not be considered discrimination under the terms of this Convention.
State obligations and due diligence
Article 5
1. Parties shall refrain from engaging in any act of violence against women and ensure that state authorities, officials, agents, institutions and other actors acting on behalf of the state act in conformity with this obligation.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to exercise due diligence to prevent, investigate, punish and provide reparation for acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention that are perpetrated by non-state actors.
Gender-sensitive policies
Article 6
Parties shall undertake to include a gender perspective in the implementation and evaluation of the impact of the provisions of this Convention and to promote and effectively implement policies of equality between women and men and the empowerment of women.
Chapter II – Integrated policies and data collection
Comprehensive and co-ordinated policies
Article 7
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to adopt and implement state-wide effective, comprehensive and co-ordinated policies encompassing all relevant measures to prevent and combat all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention and offer a holistic response to violence against women.
2. Parties shall ensure that policies referred to in paragraph 1 place the rights of the victim at the centre of all measures and are implemented by way of effective co-operation among all relevant agencies, institutions and organisations.
3. Measures taken pursuant to this article shall involve, where appropriate, all relevant actors, such as government agencies, the national, regional and local parliaments and authorities, national human rights institutions and civil society organisations.
Financial resources
Article 8
Parties shall allocate appropriate financial and human resources for the adequate implementation of integrated policies, measures and programmes to prevent and combat all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, including those carried out by non-governmental organisations and civil society.
Non-governmental organisations and civil society
Article 9
Parties shall recognise, encourage and support, at all levels, the work of relevant non-governmental organisations and of civil society active in combating violence against women and establish effective co-operation with these organisations.
Co-ordinating body
Article 10
1. Parties shall designate or establish one or more official bodies responsible for the co-ordination, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and measures to prevent and combat all forms of violence covered by this Convention. These bodies shall co-ordinate the collection of data as referred to in Article 11, analyse and disseminate its results.
2. Parties shall ensure that the bodies designated or established pursuant to this article receive information of a general nature on measures taken pursuant to Chapter VIII.
3. Parties shall ensure that the bodies designated or established pursuant to this article shall have the capacity to communicate directly and foster relations with their counterparts in other Parties.
Data collection and research
Article 11
1. For the purpose of the implementation of this Convention, Parties shall undertake to:
a. collect disaggregated relevant statistical data at regular intervals on cases of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention;
b. support research in the field of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention in order to study its root causes and effects, incidences and conviction rates, as well as the efficacy of measures taken to implement this Convention.
2. Parties shall endeavour to conduct population-based surveys at regular intervals to assess the prevalence of and trends in all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
3. Parties shall provide the group of experts, as referred to in Article 66 of this Convention, with the information collected pursuant to this article in order to stimulate international co-operation and enable international benchmarking.
4. Parties shall ensure that the information collected pursuant to this article is available to the public.
Chapter III – Prevention
General obligations
Article 12
1. Parties shall take the necessary measures to promote changes in the social and cultural patterns of behaviour of women and men with a view to eradicating prejudices, customs, traditions and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority of women or on stereotyped roles for women and men.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to prevent all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention by any natural or legal person.
3. Any measures taken pursuant to this chapter shall take into account and address the specific needs of persons made vulnerable by particular circumstances and shall place the human rights of all victims at their centre.
4. Parties shall take the necessary measures to encourage all members of society, especially men and boys, to contribute actively to preventing all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
5. Parties shall ensure that culture, custom, religion, tradition or so-called “honour” shall not be considered as justification for any acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
6. Parties shall take the necessary measures to promote programmes and activities for the empowerment of women.
Awareness-raising
Article 13
1. Parties shall promote or conduct, on a regular basis and at all levels, awareness-raising campaigns or programmes, including in co-operation with national human rights institutions and equality bodies, civil society and non-governmental organisations, especially women’s organisations, where appropriate, to increase awareness and understanding among the general public of the different manifestations of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, their consequences on children and the need to prevent such violence.
2. Parties shall ensure the wide dissemination among the general public of information on measures available to prevent acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
Education
Article 14
1. Parties shall take, where appropriate, the necessary steps to include teaching material on issues such as equality between women and men, non-stereotyped gender roles, mutual respect, non-violent conflict resolution in interpersonal relationships, gender-based violence against women and the right to personal integrity, adapted to the evolving capacity of learners, in formal curricula and at all levels of education.
2. Parties shall take the necessary steps to promote the principles referred to in paragraph 1 in informal educational facilities, as well as in sports, cultural and leisure facilities and the media.
Training of professionals
Article 15
1. Parties shall provide or strengthen appropriate training for the relevant professionals dealing with victims or perpetrators of all acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, on the prevention and detection of such violence, equality between women and men, the needs and rights of victims, as well as on how to prevent secondary victimisation.
2. Parties shall encourage that the training referred to in paragraph 1 includes training on co-ordinated multi-agency co-operation to allow for a comprehensive and appropriate handling of referrals in cases of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
Preventive intervention and treatment programmes
Article 16
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to set up or support programmes aimed at teaching perpetrators of domestic violence to adopt non-violent behaviour in interpersonal relationships with a view to preventing further violence and changing violent behavioural patterns.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to set up or support treatment programmes aimed at preventing perpetrators, in particular sex offenders, from re-offending.
3. In taking the measures referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, Parties shall ensure that the safety of, support for and the human rights of victims are of primary concern and that, where appropriate, these programmes are set up and implemented in close co-ordination with specialist support services for victims.
Participation of the private sector and the media
Article 17
1. Parties shall encourage the private sector, the information and communication technology sector and the media, with due respect for freedom of expression and their independence, to participate in the elaboration and implementation of policies and to set guidelines and self-regulatory standards to prevent violence against women and to enhance respect for their dignity.
2. Parties shall develop and promote, in co-operation with private sector actors, skills among children, parents and educators on how to deal with the information and communications environment that provides access to degrading content of a sexual or violent nature which might be harmful.
Chapter IV – Protection and support
General obligations
Article 18
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to protect all victims from any further acts of violence.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures, in accordance with internal law, to ensure that there are appropriate mechanisms to provide for effective co-operation between all relevant state agencies, including the judiciary, public prosecutors, law enforcement agencies, local and regional authorities as well as non-governmental organisations and other relevant organisations and entities, in protecting and supporting victims and witnesses of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, including by referring to general and specialist support services as detailed in Articles 20 and 22 of this Convention.
3. Parties shall ensure that measures taken pursuant to this chapter shall:
– be based on a gendered understanding of violence against women and domestic violence and shall focus on the human rights and safety of the victim;
– be based on an integrated approach which takes into account the relationship between victims, perpetrators, children and their wider social environment;
– aim at avoiding secondary victimisation;
– aim at the empowerment and economic independence of women victims of violence;
– allow, where appropriate, for a range of protection and support services to be located on the same premises;
– address the specific needs of vulnerable persons, including child victims, and be made available to them.
4. The provision of services shall not depend on the victim’s willingness to press charges or testify against any perpetrator.
5. Parties shall take the appropriate measures to provide consular and other protection and support to their nationals and other victims entitled to such protection in accordance with their obligations under international law.
Information
Article 19
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims receive adequate and timely information on available support services and legal measures in a language they understand.
General support services
Article 20
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims have access to services facilitating their recovery from violence. These measures should include, when necessary, services such as legal and psychological counselling, financial assistance, housing, education, training and assistance in finding employment.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims have access to health care and social services and that services are adequately resourced and professionals are trained to assist victims and refer them to the appropriate services.
Assistance in individual/collective complaints
Article 21
Parties shall ensure that victims have information on and access to applicable regional and international individual/collective complaints mechanisms. Parties shall promote the provision of sensitive and knowledgeable assistance to victims in presenting any such complaints.
Specialist support services
Article 22
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to provide or arrange for, in an adequate geographical distribution, immediate, short- and long-term specialist support services to any victim subjected to any of the acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
2. Parties shall provide or arrange for specialist women’s support services to all women victims of violence and their children.
Shelters
Article 23
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to provide for the setting-up of appropriate, easily accessible shelters in sufficient numbers to provide safe accommodation for and to reach out pro-actively to victims, especially women and their children.
Telephone helplines
Article 24
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to set up state-wide round-the-clock (24/7) telephone helplines free of charge to provide advice to callers, confidentially or with due regard for their anonymity, in relation to all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
Support for victims of sexual violence
Article 25
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to provide for the setting up of appropriate, easily accessible rape crisis or sexual violence referral centres for victims in sufficient numbers to provide for medical and forensic examination, trauma support and counselling for victims.
Protection and support for child witnesses
Article 26
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that in the provision of protection and support services to victims, due account is taken of the rights and needs of child witnesses of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
2. Measures taken pursuant to this article shall include age-appropriate psychosocial counselling for child witnesses of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention and shall give due regard to the best interests of the child.
Reporting
Article 27
Parties shall take the necessary measures to encourage any person witness to the commission of acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention or who has reasonable grounds to believe that such an act may be committed, or that further acts of violence are to be expected, to report this to the competent organisations or authorities.
Reporting by professionals
Article 28
Parties shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the confidentiality rules imposed by internal law on certain professionals do not constitute an obstacle to the possibility, under appropriate conditions, of their reporting to the competent organisations or authorities if they have reasonable grounds to believe that a serious act of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, has been committed and further serious acts of violence are to be expected.
Chapter V – Substantive law
Civil lawsuits and remedies
Article 29
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to provide victims with adequate civil remedies against the perpetrator.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to provide victims, in accordance with the general principles of international law, with adequate civil remedies against state authorities that have failed in their duty to take the necessary preventive or protective measures within the scope of their powers.
Compensation
Article 30
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims have the right to claim compensation from perpetrators for any of the offences established in accordance with this Convention.
2. Adequate state compensation shall be awarded to those who have sustained serious bodily injury or impairment of health, to the extent that the damage is not covered by other sources such as the perpetrator, insurance or state-funded health and social provisions. This does not preclude Parties from claiming regress for compensation awarded from the perpetrator, as long as due regard is paid to the victim’s safety.
3. Measures taken pursuant to paragraph 2 shall ensure the granting of compensation within a reasonable time.
Custody, visitation rights and safety
Article 31
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that, in the determination of custody and visitation rights of children, incidents of violence covered by the scope of this Convention are taken into account.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the exercise of any visitation or custody rights does not jeopardise the rights and safety of the victim or children.
Civil consequences of forced marriages
Article 32
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that marriages concluded under force may be voidable, annulled or dissolved without undue financial or administrative burden placed on the victim.
Psychological violence
Article 33
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the intentional conduct of seriously impairing a person’s psychological integrity through coercion or threats is criminalised.
Stalking
Article 34
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the intentional conduct of repeatedly engaging in threatening conduct directed at another person, causing her or him to fear for her or his safety, is criminalised.
Physical violence
Article 35
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the intentional conduct of committing acts of physical violence against another person is criminalised.
Sexual violence, including rape
Article 36
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the following intentional conducts are criminalised:
a. engaging in non-consensual vaginal, anal or oral penetration of a sexual nature of the body of another person with any bodily part or object;
b. engaging in other non-consensual acts of a sexual nature with a person;
c. causing another person to engage in non-consensual acts of a sexual nature with a third person.
2. Consent must be given voluntarily as the result of the person’s free will assessed in the context of the surrounding circumstances.
3. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the provisions of paragraph 1 also apply to acts committed against former or current spouses or partners as recognised by internal law.
Forced marriage
Article 37
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the intentional conduct of forcing an adult or a child to enter into a marriage is criminalised.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the intentional conduct of luring an adult or a child to the territory of a Party or state other than the one she or he resides in with the purpose of forcing this adult or child to enter into a marriage is criminalised.
Female genital mutilation
Article 38
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the following intentional conducts are criminalised:
a. excising, infibulating or performing any other mutilation to the whole or any part of a woman’s labia majora, labia minora or clitoris;
b. coercing or procuring a woman to undergo any of the acts listed in point a;
c. inciting, coercing or procuring a girl to undergo any of the acts listed in point a.
Forced abortion and forced sterilisation
Article 39
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the following intentional conducts are criminalised:
a. performing an abortion on a woman without her prior and informed consent;
b. performing surgery which has the purpose or effect of terminating a woman’s capacity to naturally reproduce without her prior and informed consent or understanding of the procedure.
Sexual harassment
Article 40
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that any form of unwanted verbal, non-verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature with the purpose or effect of violating the dignity of a person, in particular when creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment, is subject to criminal or other legal sanction.
Aiding or abetting and attempt
Article 41
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to establish as an offence, when committed intentionally, aiding or abetting the commission of the offences established in accordance with Articles 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38.a, and 39 of this Convention.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to establish as offences, when committed intentionally, attempts to commit the offences established in accordance with Articles 35, 36, 37, 38.a and 39 of this Convention.
Unacceptable justifications for crimes, including crimes committed in the name of so-called “honour”
Article 42
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that, in criminal proceedings initiated following the commission of any of the acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, culture, custom, religion, tradition or so-called “honour” shall not be regarded as justification for such acts. This covers, in particular, claims that the victim has transgressed cultural, religious, social or traditional norms or customs of appropriate behaviour.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that incitement by any person of a child to commit any of the acts referred to in paragraph 1 shall not diminish the criminal liability of that person for the acts committed.
Application of criminal offences
Article 43
The offences established in accordance with this Convention shall apply irrespective of the nature of the relationship between victim and perpetrator.
Jurisdiction
Article 44
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to establish jurisdiction over any offence established in accordance with this Convention, when the offence is committed:
a. in their territory; or
b. on board a ship flying their flag; or
c. on board an aircraft registered under their laws; or
d. by one of their nationals; or
e. by a person who has her or his habitual residence in their territory.
2. Parties shall endeavour to take the necessary legislative or other measures to establish jurisdiction over any offence established in accordance with this Convention where the offence is committed against one of their nationals or a person who has her or his habitual residence in their territory.
3. For the prosecution of the offences established in accordance with Articles 36, 37, 38 and 39 of this Convention, Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that their jurisdiction is not subordinated to the condition that the acts are criminalised in the territory where they were committed.
4. For the prosecution of the offences established in accordance with Articles 36, 37, 38 and 39 of this Convention, Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that their jurisdiction as regards points d and e of paragraph 1 is not subordinated to the condition that the prosecution can only be initiated following the reporting by the victim of the offence or the laying of information by the state of the place where the offence was committed.
5. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to establish jurisdiction over the offences established in accordance with this Convention, in cases where an alleged perpetrator is present on their territory and they do not extradite her or him to another Party, solely on the basis of her or his nationality.
6. When more than one Party claims jurisdiction over an alleged offence established in accordance with this Convention, the Parties involved shall, where appropriate, consult each other with a view to determining the most appropriate jurisdiction for prosecution.
7. Without prejudice to the general rules of international law, this Convention does not exclude any criminal jurisdiction exercised by a Party in accordance with its internal law.
Sanctions and measures
Article 45
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the offences established in accordance with this Convention are punishable by effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions, taking into account their seriousness. These sanctions shall include, where appropriate, sentences involving the deprivation of liberty which can give rise to extradition.
2. Parties may adopt other measures in relation to perpetrators, such as:
– monitoring or supervision of convicted persons;
– withdrawal of parental rights, if the best interests of the child, which may include the safety of the victim, cannot be guaranteed in any other way.
Aggravating circumstances
Article 46
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the following circumstances, insofar as they do not already form part of the constituent elements of the offence, may, in conformity with the relevant provisions of internal law, be taken into consideration as aggravating circumstances in the determination of the sentence in relation to the offences established in accordance with this Convention:
a. the offence was committed against a former or current spouse or partner as recognised by internal law, by a member of the family, a person cohabiting with the victim or a person having abused her or his authority;
b. the offence, or related offences, were committed repeatedly;
c. the offence was committed against a person made vulnerable by particular circumstances;
d. the offence was committed against or in the presence of a child;
e. the offence was committed by two or more people acting together;
f. the offence was preceded or accompanied by extreme levels of violence;
g. the offence was committed with the use or threat of a weapon;
h. the offence resulted in severe physical or psychological harm for the victim;
i. the perpetrator had previously been convicted of offences of a similar nature.
Sentences passed by another Party
Article 47
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to provide for the possibility of taking into account final sentences passed by another Party in relation to the offences established in accordance with this Convention when determining the sentence.
Prohibition of mandatory alternative dispute resolution processes or sentencing
Article 48
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to prohibit mandatory alternative dispute resolution processes, including mediation and conciliation, in relation to all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that if the payment of a fine is ordered, due account shall be taken of the ability of the perpetrator to assume his or her financial obligations towards the victim.
Chapter VI – Investigation, prosecution, procedural law and protective measures
General obligations
Article 49
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that investigations and judicial proceedings in relation to all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention are carried out without undue delay while taking into consideration the rights of the victim during all stages of the criminal proceedings.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures, in conformity with the fundamental principles of human rights and having regard to the gendered understanding of violence, to ensure the effective investigation and prosecution of offences established in accordance with this Convention.
Immediate response, prevention and protection
Article 50
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the responsible law enforcement agencies respond to all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention promptly and appropriately by offering adequate and immediate protection to victims.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the responsible law enforcement agencies engage promptly and appropriately in the prevention and protection against all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention, including the employment of preventive operational measures and the collection of evidence.
Risk assessment and risk management
Article 51
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that an assessment of the lethality risk, the seriousness of the situation and the risk of repeated violence is carried out by all relevant authorities in order to manage the risk and if necessary to provide co-ordinated safety and support.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the assessment referred to in paragraph 1 duly takes into account, at all stages of the investigation and application of protective measures, the fact that perpetrators of acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention possess or have access to firearms.
Emergency barring orders
Article 52
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the competent authorities are granted the power to order, in situations of immediate danger, a perpetrator of domestic violence to vacate the residence of the victim or person at risk for a sufficient period of time and to prohibit the perpetrator from entering the residence of or contacting the victim or person at risk. Measures taken pursuant to this article shall give priority to the safety of victims or persons at risk.
Restraining or protection orders
Article 53
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that appropriate restraining or protection orders are available to victims of all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the restraining or protection orders referred to in paragraph 1 are:
– available for immediate protection and without undue financial or administrative burdens placed on the victim;
– issued for a specified period or until modified or discharged;
– where necessary, issued on an ex parte basis which has immediate effect;
– available irrespective of, or in addition to, other legal proceedings;
– allowed to be introduced in subsequent legal proceedings.
3. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that breaches of restraining or protection orders issued pursuant to paragraph 1 shall be subject to effective, proportionate and dissuasive criminal or other legal sanctions.
Investigations and evidence
Article 54
Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that, in any civil or criminal proceedings, evidence relating to the sexual history and conduct of the victim shall be permitted only when it is relevant and necessary.
Ex parte and ex officio proceedings
Article 55
1. Parties shall ensure that investigations into or prosecution of offences established in accordance with Articles 35, 36, 37, 38 and 39 of this Convention shall not be wholly dependant upon a report or complaint filed by a victim if the offence was committed in whole or in part on its territory, and that the proceedings may continue even if the victim withdraws her or his statement or complaint.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure, in accordance with the conditions provided for by their internal law, the possibility for governmental and non-governmental organisations and domestic violence counsellors to assist and/or support victims, at their request, during investigations and judicial proceedings concerning the offences established in accordance with this Convention.
Measures of protection
Article 56
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to protect the rights and interests of victims, including their special needs as witnesses, at all stages of investigations and judicial proceedings, in particular by:
a. providing for their protection, as well as that of their families and witnesses, from intimidation, retaliation and repeat victimisation;
b. ensuring that victims are informed, at least in cases where the victims and the family might be in danger, when the perpetrator escapes or is released temporarily or definitively;
c. informing them, under the conditions provided for by internal law, of their rights and the services at their disposal and the follow-up given to their complaint, the charges, the general progress of the investigation or proceedings, and their role therein, as well as the outcome of their case;
d. enabling victims, in a manner consistent with the procedural rules of internal law, to be heard, to supply evidence and have their views, needs and concerns presented, directly or through an intermediary, and considered;
e. providing victims with appropriate support services so that their rights and interests are duly presented and taken into account;
f. ensuring that measures may be adopted to protect the privacy and the image of the victim;
g. ensuring that contact between victims and perpetrators within court and law enforcement agency premises is avoided where possible;
h. providing victims with independent and competent interpreters when victims are parties to proceedings or when they are supplying evidence;
i. enabling victims to testify, according to the rules provided by their internal law, in the courtroom without being present or at least without the presence of the alleged perpetrator, notably through the use of appropriate communication technologies, where available.
2. A child victim and child witness of violence against women and domestic violence shall be afforded, where appropriate, special protection measures taking into account the best interests of the child.
Legal aid
Article 57
Parties shall provide for the right to legal assistance and to free legal aid for victims under the conditions provided by their internal law.
Statute of limitation
Article 58
Parties shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to ensure that the statute of limitation for initiating any legal proceedings with regard to the offences established in accordance with Articles 36, 37, 38 and 39 of this Convention, shall continue for a period of time that is sufficient and commensurate with the gravity of the offence in question, to allow for the efficient initiation of proceedings after the victim has reached the age of majority.
Chapter VII – Migration and asylum
Residence status
Article 59
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims whose residence status depends on that of the spouse or partner as recognised by internal law, in the event of the dissolution of the marriage or the relationship, are granted in the event of particularly difficult circumstances, upon application, an autonomous residence permit irrespective of the duration of the marriage or the relationship. The conditions relating to the granting and duration of the autonomous residence permit are established by internal law.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims may obtain the suspension of expulsion proceedings initiated in relation to a residence status dependent on that of the spouse or partner as recognised by internal law to enable them to apply for an autonomous residence permit.
3. Parties shall issue a renewable residence permit to victims in one of the two following situations, or in both:
a. where the competent authority considers that their stay is necessary owing to their personal situation;
b. where the competent authority considers that their stay is necessary for the purpose of their co-operation with the competent authorities in investigation or criminal proceedings.
4. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims of forced marriage brought into another country for the purpose of the marriage and who, as a result, have lost their residence status in the country where they habitually reside, may regain this status.
Gender-based asylum claims
Article 60
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that gender-based violence against women may be recognised as a form of persecution within the meaning of Article 1, A (2), of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and as a form of serious harm giving rise to complementary/subsidiary protection.
2. Parties shall ensure that a gender-sensitive interpretation is given to each of the Convention grounds and that where it is established that the persecution feared is for one or more of these grounds, applicants shall be granted refugee status according to the applicable relevant instruments.
3. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to develop gender-sensitive reception procedures and support services for asylum-seekers as well as gender guidelines and gender-sensitive asylum procedures, including refugee status determination and application for international protection.
Non-refoulement
Article 61
1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to respect the principle of non-refoulement in accordance with existing obligations under international law.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims of violence against women who are in need of protection, regardless of their status or residence, shall not be returned under any circumstances to any country where their life would be at risk or where they might be subjected to torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Chapter VIII – International co-operation
General principles
Article 62
1. Parties shall co-operate with each other, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, and through the application of relevant international and regional instruments on co-operation in civil and criminal matters, arrangements agreed on the basis of uniform or reciprocal legislation and internal laws, to the widest extent possible, for the purpose of:
a. preventing, combating and prosecuting all forms of violence covered by the scope of this Convention;
b. protecting and providing assistance to victims;
c. investigations or proceedings concerning the offences established in accordance with this Convention;
d. enforcing relevant civil and criminal judgments issued by the judicial authorities of Parties, including protection orders.
2. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that victims of an offence established in accordance with this Convention and committed in the territory of a Party other than the one where they reside may make a complaint before the competent authorities of their state of residence.
3. If a Party that makes mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, extradition or enforcement of civil or criminal judgments imposed by another Party to this Convention conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for such legal co-operation from a Party with which it has not concluded such a treaty, it may consider this Convention to be the legal basis for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, extradition or enforcement of civil or criminal judgments imposed by the other Party in respect of the offences established in accordance with this Convention.
4. Parties shall endeavour to integrate, where appropriate, the prevention and the fight against violence against women and domestic violence in assistance programmes for development provided for the benefit of third states, including by entering into bilateral and multilateral agreements with third states with a view to facilitating the protection of victims in accordance with Article 18, paragraph 5.
Measures relating to persons at risk
Article 63
When a Party, on the basis of the information at its disposal, has reasonable grounds to believe that a person is at immediate risk of being subjected to any of the acts of violence referred to in Articles 36, 37, 38 and 39 of this Convention on the territory of another Party, the Party that has the information is encouraged to transmit it without delay to the latter for the purpose of ensuring that appropriate protection measures are taken. Where applicable, this information shall include details on existing protection provisions for the benefit of the person at risk.
Information
Article 64
1. The requested Party shall promptly inform the requesting Party of the final result of the action taken under this chapter. The requested Party shall also promptly inform the requesting Party of any circumstances which render impossible the carrying out of the action sought or are likely to delay it significantly.
2. A Party may, within the limits of its internal law, without prior request, forward to another Party information obtained within the framework of its own investigations when it considers that the disclosure of such information might assist the receiving Party in preventing criminal offences established in accordance with this Convention or in initiating or carrying out investigations or proceedings concerning such criminal offences or that it might lead to a request for co-operation by that Party under this chapter.
3. A Party receiving any information in accordance with paragraph 2 shall submit such information to its competent authorities in order that proceedings may be taken if they are considered appropriate, or that this information may be taken into account in relevant civil and criminal proceedings.
Data Protection
Article 65
Personal data shall be stored and used pursuant to the obligations undertaken by the Parties under the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (ETS No. 108).
Chapter IX – Monitoring mechanism
Group of experts on action against violence against women and domestic violence
Article 66
1. The Group of experts on action against violence against women and domestic violence (hereinafter referred to as “GREVIO”) shall monitor the implementation of this Convention by the Parties.
2. GREVIO shall be composed of a minimum of 10 members and a maximum of 15 members, taking into account a gender and geographical balance, as well as multidisciplinary expertise. Its members shall be elected by the Committee of the Parties from among candidates nominated by the Parties for a term of office of four years, renewable once, and chosen from among nationals of the Parties.
3. The initial election of 10 members shall be held within a period of one year following the entry into force of this Convention. The election of five additional members shall be held following the 25th ratification or accession.
4. The election of the members of GREVIO shall be based on the following principles:
a. they shall be chosen according to a transparent procedure from among persons of high moral character, known for their recognised competence in the fields of human rights, gender equality, violence against women and domestic violence, or assistance to and protection of victims, or having demonstrated professional experience in the areas covered by this Convention;
b. no two members of GREVIO may be nationals of the same state;
c. they should represent the main legal systems;
d. they should represent relevant actors and agencies in the field of violence against women and domestic violence;
e. they shall sit in their individual capacity and shall be independent and impartial in the exercise of their functions, and shall be available to carry out their duties in an effective manner.
5. The election procedure of the members of GREVIO shall be determined by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, after consulting with and obtaining the unanimous consent of the Parties, within a period of six months following the entry into force of this Convention.
6. GREVIO shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
7. Members of GREVIO, and other members of delegations carrying out the country visits as set forth in Article 68, paragraphs 9 and 14, shall enjoy the privileges and immunities established in the appendix to this Convention.
Committee of the Parties
Article 67
1. The Committee of the Parties shall be composed of the representatives of the Parties to the Convention.
2. The Committee of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe. Its first meeting shall be held within a period of one year following the entry into force of this Convention in order to elect the members of GREVIO. It shall subsequently meet whenever one third of the Parties, the President of the Committee of the Parties or the Secretary General so requests.
3. The Committee of the Parties shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
Procedure
Article 68
1. Parties shall submit to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, based on a questionnaire prepared by GREVIO, a report on legislative and other measures giving effect to the provisions of this Convention, for consideration by GREVIO.
2. GREVIO shall consider the report submitted in accordance with paragraph 1 with the representatives of the Party concerned.
3. Subsequent evaluation procedures shall be divided into rounds, the length of which is determined by GREVIO. At the beginning of each round GREVIO shall select the specific provisions on which the evaluation procedure shall be based and send out a questionnaire.
4. GREVIO shall define the appropriate means to carry out this monitoring procedure. It may in particular adopt a questionnaire for each evaluation round, which shall serve as a basis for the evaluation procedure of the implementation by the Parties. This questionnaire shall be addressed to all Parties. Parties shall respond to this questionnaire, as well as to any other request of information from GREVIO.
5. GREVIO may receive information on the implementation of the Convention from non-governmental organisations and civil society, as well as from national institutions for the protection of human rights.
6. GREVIO shall take due consideration of the existing information available from other regional and international instruments and bodies in areas falling within the scope of this Convention.
7. When adopting a questionnaire for each evaluation round, GREVIO shall take due consideration of the existing data collection and research in the Parties as referred to in Article 11 of this Convention.
8. GREVIO may receive information on the implementation of the Convention from the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, the Parliamentary Assembly and relevant specialised bodies of the Council of Europe, as well as those established under other international instruments. Complaints presented to these bodies and their outcome will be made available to GREVIO.
9. GREVIO may subsidiarily organise, in co-operation with the national authorities and with the assistance of independent national experts, country visits, if the information gained is insufficient or in cases provided for in paragraph 14. During these visits, GREVIO may be assisted by specialists in specific fields.
10. GREVIO shall prepare a draft report containing its analysis concerning the implementation of the provisions on which the evaluation is based, as well as its suggestions and proposals concerning the way in which the Party concerned may deal with the problems which have been identified. The draft report shall be transmitted for comments to the Party which undergoes the evaluation. Its comments shall be taken into account by GREVIO when adopting its report.
11. On the basis of all the information received and the comments by the Parties, GREVIO shall adopt its report and conclusions concerning the measures taken by the Party concerned to implement the provisions of this Convention. This report and the conclusions shall be sent to the Party concerned and to the Committee of the Parties. The report and conclusions of GREVIO shall be made public as from their adoption, together with eventual comments by the Party concerned.
12. Without prejudice to the procedure of paragraphs 1 to 8, the Committee of the Parties may adopt, on the basis of the report and conclusions of GREVIO, recommendations addressed to this Party (a) concerning the measures to be taken to implement the conclusions of GREVIO, if necessary setting a date for submitting information on their implementation, and (b) aiming at promoting co-operation with that Party for the proper implementation of this Convention.
13. If GREVIO receives reliable information indicating a situation where problems require immediate attention to prevent or limit the scale or number of serious violations of the Convention, it may request the urgent submission of a special report concerning measures taken to prevent a serious, massive or persistent pattern of violence against women.
14. Taking into account the information submitted by the Party concerned, as well as any other reliable information available to it, GREVIO may designate one or more of its members to conduct an inquiry and to report urgently to GREVIO. Where warranted and with the consent of the Party, the inquiry may include a visit to its territory.
15. After examining the findings of the inquiry referred to in paragraph 14, GREVIO shall transmit these findings to the Party concerned and, where appropriate, to the Committee of the Parties and the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe together with any comments and recommendations.
General recommendations
Article 69
GREVIO may adopt, where appropriate, general recommendations on the implementation of this Convention.
Parliamentary involvement in monitoring
Article 70
1. National parliaments shall be invited to participate in the monitoring of the measures taken for the implementation of this Convention.
2. Parties shall submit the reports of GREVIO to their national parliaments.
3. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe shall be invited to regularly take stock of the implementation of this Convention.
Chapter X – Relationship with other international instruments
Relationship with other international instruments
Article 71
1. This Convention shall not affect obligations arising from other international instruments to which Parties to this Convention are Parties or shall become Parties and which contain provisions on matters governed by this Convention.
2. The Parties to this Convention may conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements with one another on the matters dealt with in this Convention, for purposes of supplementing or strengthening its provisions or facilitating the application of the principles embodied in it.
Chapter XI – Amendments to the Convention
Amendments
Article 72
1. Any proposal for an amendment to this Convention presented by a Party shall be communicated to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe and forwarded by her or him to the member states of the Council of Europe, any signatory, any Party, the European Union, any state invited to sign this Convention in accordance with the provisions of Article 75, and any state invited to accede to this Convention in accordance with the provisions of Article 76.
2. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe shall consider the proposed amendment and, after having consulted the Parties to this Convention that are not members of the Council of Europe, may adopt the amendment by the majority provided for in Article 20.d of the Statute of the Council of Europe.
3. The text of any amendment adopted by the Committee of Ministers in accordance with paragraph 2 shall be forwarded to the Parties for acceptance.
4. Any amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph 2 shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of one month after the date on which all Parties have informed the Secretary General of their acceptance.
Chapter XII – Final clauses
Effects of this Convention
Article 73
The provisions of this Convention shall not prejudice the provisions of internal law and binding international instruments which are already in force or may come into force, under which more favourable rights are or would be accorded to persons in preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.
Dispute settlement
Article 74
1. The Parties to any dispute which may arise concerning the application or interpretation of the provisions of this Convention shall first seek to resolve it by means of negotiation, conciliation, arbitration or by any other methods of peaceful settlement accepted by mutual agreement between them.
2. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may establish procedures of settlement to be available for use by the Parties in dispute if they should so agree.
Signature and entry into force
Article 75
1. This Convention shall be open for signature by the member states of the Council of Europe, the non-member states which have participated in its elaboration and the European Union.
2. This Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
3. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date on which 10 signatories, including at least eight member states of the Council of Europe, have expressed their consent to be bound by the Convention in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2.
4. In respect of any state referred to in paragraph 1 or the European Union, which subsequently expresses its consent to be bound by it, the Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval.
Accession to the Convention
Article 76
1. After the entry into force of this Convention, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may, after consultation of the Parties to this Convention and obtaining their unanimous consent, invite any non-member state of the Council of Europe, which has not participated in the elaboration of the Convention, to accede to this Convention by a decision taken by the majority provided for in Article 20.d of the Statute of the Council of Europe, and by unanimous vote of the representatives of the Parties entitled to sit on the Committee of Ministers.
2. In respect of any acceding state, the Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of deposit of the instrument of accession with the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
Territorial application
Article 77
1. Any state or the European Union may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, specify the territory or territories to which this Convention shall apply.
2. Any Party may, at any later date, by a declaration addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, extend the application of this Convention to any other territory specified in the declaration and for whose international relations it is responsible or on whose behalf it is authorised to give undertakings. In respect of such territory, the Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of receipt of such declaration by the Secretary General.
3. Any declaration made under the two preceding paragraphs may, in respect of any territory specified in such declaration, be withdrawn by a notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe. The withdrawal shall become effective on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of receipt of such notification by the Secretary General.
Reservations
Article 78
1. No reservation may be made in respect of any provision of this Convention, with the exceptions provided for in paragraphs 2 and 3.
2. Any state or the European Union may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, by a declaration addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, declares that it reserves the right not to apply or to apply only in specific cases or conditions the provisions laid down in:
– Article 30, paragraph 2;
– Article 44, paragraphs 1.e, 3 and 4;
– Article 55, paragraph 1 in respect of Article 35 regarding minor offences;
– Article 58 in respect of Articles 37, 38 and 39;
– Article 59.
3. Any state or the European Union may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, by a declaration addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, declares that it reserves the right to provide for non-criminal sanctions, instead of criminal sanctions, for the behaviours referred to in Articles 33 and 34.
4. Any Party may wholly or partly withdraw a reservation by means of a declaration addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe. This declaration shall become effective as from its date of receipt by the Secretary General.
Validity and review of reservations
Article 79
1. Reservations referred to in Article 78, paragraphs 2 and 3, shall be valid for a period of five years from the day of the entry into force of this Convention in respect of the Party concerned. However, such reservations may be renewed for periods of the same duration.
2. Eighteen months before the date of expiry of the reservation, the Secretariat General of the Council of Europe shall give notice of that expiry to the Party concerned. No later than three months before the expiry, the Party shall notify the Secretary General that it is upholding, amending or withdrawing its reservation. In the absence of a notification by the Party concerned, the Secretariat General shall inform that Party that its reservation is considered to have been extended automatically for a period of six months. Failure by the Party concerned to notify its intention to uphold or modify its reservation before the expiry of that period shall cause the reservation to lapse.
3. If a Party makes a reservation in conformity with Article 78, paragraphs 2 and 3, it shall provide, before its renewal or upon request, an explanation to GREVIO, on the grounds justifying its continuance.
Denunciation
Article 80
1. Any Party may, at any time, denounce this Convention by means of a notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
2. Such denunciation shall become effective on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary General.
Notification
Article 81
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify the member states of the Council of Europe, the non-member states which have participated in its elaboration, any signatory, any Party, the European Union, and any state invited to accede to this Convention of:
a. any signature;
b. the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession;
c. any date of entry into force of this Convention in accordance with Articles 75 and 76;
d. any amendment adopted in accordance with Article 72 and the date on which such an amendment enters into force;
e. any reservation and withdrawal of reservation made in pursuance of Article 78;
f. any denunciation made in pursuance of the provisions of Article 80;
g. any other act, notification or communication relating to this Convention.
In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this Convention.
Done at Istanbul, this 11th day of May 2011, in English and in French, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall be deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall transmit certified copies to each member state of the Council of Europe, to the non-member states which have participated in the elaboration of this Convention, to the European Union and to any state invited to accede to this Convention.
Appendix – Privileges and immunities (Article 66)
1. This appendix shall apply to the members of GREVIO mentioned in Article 66 of the Convention, as well as to other members of the country visit delegations. For the purpose of this appendix, the term “other members of the country visit delegations” shall include the independent national experts and the specialists mentioned in Article 68, paragraph 9, of the Convention, staff members of the Council of Europe and interpreters employed by the Council of Europe accompanying GREVIO during its country visits.
2. The members of GREVIO and the other members of the country visit delegations shall, while exercising their functions relating to the preparation and the carrying out of country visits, as well as the follow-up thereto, and travelling in connection with those functions, enjoy the following privileges and immunities:
a. immunity from personal arrest or detention and from seizure of their personal baggage, and immunity from legal process of every kind in respect of words spoken or written and all acts performed by them in their official capacity;
b. exemption from any restrictions on their freedom of movement on exit from and return to their country of residence, and entry into and exit from the country in which they exercise their functions, and from alien registration in the country which they are visiting or through which they are passing in the exercise of their functions.
3. In the course of journeys undertaken in the exercise of their functions, the members of GREVIO and the other members of the country visit delegations shall, in the matter of customs and exchange control, be accorded the same facilities as those accorded to representatives of foreign governments on temporary official duty.
4. The documents relating to the evaluation of the implementation of the Convention carried by members of GREVIO and other members of the country visit delegations shall be inviolable insofar as they concern the activity of GREVIO. No stoppage or censorship shall be applied to the official correspondence of GREVIO or to official communications of members of GREVIO and other members of the country visit delegations.
5. In order to secure for the members of GREVIO and the other members of the country visit delegations complete freedom of speech and complete independence in the discharge of their duties, the immunity from legal process in respect of words spoken or written and all acts done by them in discharging their duties shall continue to be accorded, notwithstanding that the persons concerned are no longer engaged in the discharge of such duties.
6. Privileges and immunities are granted to the persons mentioned in paragraph 1 of this appendix in order to safeguard the independent exercise of their functions in the interests of GREVIO and not for their personal benefit. The waiver of immunities of the persons mentioned in paragraph 1 of this appendix shall be made by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe in any case where, in his or her opinion, the immunity would impede the course of justice and where it can be waived without prejudice to the interests of GREVIO.
K O N V E N C I J A S V E T A E V R O P E
O PREPREČEVANJU NASILJA NAD ŽENSKAMI IN NASILJA V DRUŽINI TER O BOJU PROTI NJIMA
Preambula
Države članice Sveta Evrope in druge podpisnice te konvencije so se
ob upoštevanju Konvencije o varstvu človekovih pravic in temeljnih svoboščin (ETS št. 5, 1950) in njenih protokolov, Evropske socialne listine (ETS št. 35, 1961, spremenjene leta 1996, ETS št. 163), Konvencije Sveta Evrope o ukrepanju proti trgovini z ljudmi (ETS št. 197, 2005) in Konvencije Sveta Evrope o zaščiti otrok pred spolnim izkoriščanjem in spolno zlorabo (ETS št. 201, 2007);
ob upoštevanju naslednjih priporočil Odbora ministrov državam članicam Sveta Evrope: Priporočila Rec(2002)5 o zaščiti žensk pred nasiljem, Priporočila CM/Rec(2007)17 o standardih in mehanizmih za enakost spolov, Priporočila CM/Rec(2010)10 o vlogi žensk in moških pri preprečevanju in reševanju sporov ter izgradnji miru ter drugih ustreznih priporočil;
ob upoštevanju čedalje obsežnejše sodne prakse Evropskega sodišča za človekove pravice, ki določa pomembne standarde na področju nasilja nad ženskami;
ob upoštevanju Mednarodnega pakta o državljanskih in političnih pravicah (1966), Mednarodnega pakta o ekonomskih, socialnih in kulturnih pravicah (1966), Konvencije Združenih narodov o odpravi vseh oblik diskriminacije žensk (“CEDAW”, 1979) in njenega izbirnega protokola (1999) ter Splošnega priporočila št. 19 odbora CEDAW o nasilju nad ženskami, Konvencije Združenih narodov o otrokovih pravicah (1989) in njenih izbirnih protokolov (2000) ter Konvencije Združenih narodov o pravicah invalidov (2006);
ob upoštevanju Rimskega statuta Mednarodnega kazenskega sodišča (2002);
ob upoštevanju temeljnih načel mednarodnega humanitarnega prava in še zlasti Ženevske konvencije (IV) o zaščiti civilnih oseb v času vojne (1949) in dodatnih protokolov I in II k njej (1977);
ob obsojanju vseh oblik nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini;
ob priznavanju, da je uresničevanje de jure in de facto enakosti žensk in moških ključna sestavina preprečevanja nasilja nad ženskami;
ob priznavanju, da je nasilje nad ženskami odraz zgodovinsko neenakih razmerij moči med ženskami in moškimi, kar je privedlo do nadvlade in izvajanja diskriminacije moških nad ženskami ter preprečevanja polnega napredka žensk;
ob priznavanju, da je nasilje nad ženskami nasilje zaradi spola in da je nasilje nad ženskami eden od ključnih družbenih mehanizmov, zaradi katerega so ženske prisiljene v podrejeni položaj v primerjavi z moškimi;
ob zaskrbljenem priznavanju, da so ženske in dekleta pogosto izpostavljene resnim oblikam nasilja, kakor so nasilje v družini, spolno nadlegovanje, posilstvo, prisilna poroka, zločini v imenu t. i. 'časti' in pohabljanje spolovil, kar pomeni resno kršitev človekovih pravic žensk in deklet ter je glavna ovira pri doseganju enakosti med ženskami in moškimi;
ob priznavanju nenehnega kršenja človekovih pravic med oboroženimi spopadi, ki prizadenejo civilno prebivalstvo, še posebej ženske, v obliki množičnih ali sistematičnih posilstev in spolnega nasilja ter možnosti povečanega nasilja zaradi spola v času spopadov in po njih;
ob priznavanju, da so ženske in dekleta izpostavljene večjemu tveganju za nasilje zaradi spola kakor moški;
ob priznavanju, da nasilje v družini večinoma prizadeva ženske in da so tudi moški lahko žrtve nasilja v družini;
ob priznavanju, da so otroci žrtve nasilja v družini tudi kot njegove priče;
ob prizadevanju ustvariti Evropo brez nasilja nad ženskami in brez nasilja v družini,
so se dogovorile:
1. poglavje – namen, opredelitev pojmov, enakost in nediskriminacija, splošne obveznosti
nameni konvencije
1. člen
1. Nameni te konvencije so:
a. zaščititi ženske pred vsemi oblikami nasilja in preprečevati, preganjati in odpravljati nasilje nad ženskami in nasilje v družini;
b. prispevati k odpravi vseh oblik diskriminacije žensk in spodbujati resnično enakost med ženskami in moškimi, vključno s krepitvijo moči žensk;
c. oblikovati celostni okvir, politike in ukrepe za zaščito in pomoč za vse žrtve nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini;
d. spodbujati mednarodno sodelovanje za odpravljanje nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini;
e. zagotoviti podporo in pomoč organizacijam in organom pregona za učinkovito sodelovanje pri sprejemanju celostnega pristopa za odpravo nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini.
2. Da bi pogodbenice zagotovile učinkovito izvajanje določb konvencije, konvencija vzpostavlja poseben mehanizem za spremljanje.
področje uporabe konvencije
2. člen
1. Ta konvencija se uporablja za vse oblike nasilja nad ženskami, vključno z nasiljem v družini, ki nesorazmerno prizadeva ženske.
2. Pogodbenice se spodbuja k uporabi te konvencije za vse žrtve nasilja v družini. Pri izvajanju določb te konvencije pogodbenice posebno pozornost namenjajo ženskam, ki so žrtve nasilja zaradi spola.
3. Ta konvencija se uporablja v miru in razmerah oboroženega spopada.
opredelitve pojmov
3. člen
V tej konvenciji:
a. “nasilje nad ženskami” pomeni kršitev človekovih pravic in obliko diskriminacije žensk ter vsa nasilna dejanja zaradi spola, ki povzročijo ali bi lahko povzročila fizične, spolne, psihične ali ekonomske posledice ali trpljenje žensk, vključno z grožnjami s takimi dejanji, prisilo ali samovoljni odvzem prostosti, ne glede na to, ali do njih pride v javnem ali zasebnem življenju;
b. “nasilje v družini” pomeni vsako dejanje fizičnega, spolnega, psihičnega ali ekonomskega nasilja, ki se zgodi v družini ali gospodinjski enoti ali med nekdanjima ali trenutnima zakoncema ali partnerjema, ne glede na to, ali storilec še prebiva ali je prebival z žrtvijo;
c. “spol” pomeni družbeno oblikovane vloge, vedenje, dejavnosti in lastnosti, ki v posamezni družbi veljajo kot primerni za ženske in moške;
d. “nasilje nad ženskami zaradi spola” pomeni nasilje, ki je usmerjeno proti ženski, ker je ženska, ali nesorazmerno prizadene ženske;
e. “žrtev” pomeni vsako fizično osebo, ki je deležna ravnanja iz točk a in b;
f. “ženske” vključuje dekleta, mlajša od 18 let.
temeljne pravice, enakost in nediskriminacija
4. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne in druge ukrepe za spodbujanje in varovanje pravice vsakogar, posebej žensk, do življenja brez nasilja v javnem in zasebnem življenju.
2. Pogodbenice obsojajo vse oblike diskriminacije žensk in sprejmejo brez odlašanja potrebne zakonodajne in druge ukrepe za njeno preprečevanje, zlasti:
– z vključevanjem načela enakosti med ženskami in moškimi v svoje nacionalne ustave ali drugo ustrezno zakonodajo in zagotavljanjem uresničevanja tega načela v praksi;
– s prepovedjo diskriminacije žensk, vključno z uporabo sankcij, kadar je to primerno;
– z odpravo zakonov in praks, ki diskriminirajo ženske.
3. Pogodbenice zagotavljajo izvajanje določb te konvencije, zlasti ukrepov za varstvo pravic žrtev brez diskriminacije zaradi spola, rase, barve, jezika, vere, političnega ali drugega prepričanja, narodnega ali socialnega porekla, pripadnosti narodni skupnosti, premoženja, rojstva, spolne usmerjenosti, spolne identitete, starosti, zdravstvenega stanja, invalidnosti, zakonskega stanu, statusa migranta ali begunca ali drugega statusa.
4. Posebni ukrepi, potrebni za preprečevanje in zaščito žensk pred nasiljem zaradi spola, se ne štejejo za diskriminacijo pod pogoji iz te konvencije.
obveznosti države in dolžna skrbnost
5. člen
1. Pogodbenice se vzdržijo vsakega nasilnega dejanja nad ženskami in zagotavljajo, da državni organi, uradniki, uslužbenci, institucije in drugi akterji, ki delujejo v imenu države, delujejo v skladu s to obveznostjo.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne in druge ukrepe za uresničevanje dolžne skrbnosti za preprečevanje, preiskovanje, kaznovanje in povrnitev škode za nasilna dejanja, ki so zajeta v področje uporabe te konvencije in so jih zagrešili nedržavni akterji.
politika enakosti spolov
6. člen
Pogodbenice se zavezujejo vključiti vidik enakosti spolov v izvajanje in ocenjevanje učinka določb te konvencije ter spodbujati in učinkovito izvajati politiko enakosti med ženskami in moškimi in krepitve moči žensk.
II. poglavje – celostna politika in zbiranje podatkov
celovita in usklajena politika
7. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne in druge ukrepe za sprejetje in izvajanje učinkovite, celostne in usklajene vsedržavne politike, ki zajema vse ustrezne ukrepe za preprečevanje in boj proti vsem oblikam nasilja, zajetim v področje uporabe te konvencije, in zagotavlja celovit odgovor na nasilje nad ženskami.
2. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da so v politiki iz prvega odstavka pravice žrtve v središču vseh ukrepov in da se izvajajo v obliki učinkovitega sodelovanja med vsemi ustreznimi agencijami, institucijami in organizacijami.
3. Ukrepi, sprejeti v skladu s tem členom, vključujejo, kadar je to primerno, vse ustrezne akterje, kakor so vladne agencije, državni, regionalni in lokalni parlamenti in organi, državne institucije za človekove pravice in organizacije civilne družbe.
finančni viri
8. člen
Pogodbenice dodelijo zadostne finančne in človeške vire za ustrezno izvajanje celostne politike, ukrepov in programov za preprečevanje vseh oblik nasilja in boj proti njim, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, vključno s tistimi, ki jih izvajajo nevladne organizacije in civilna družba.
nevladne organizacije in civilna družba
9. člen
Pogodbenice na vseh ravneh priznavajo, spodbujajo in podpirajo delo ustreznih nevladnih organizacij in civilne družbe, dejavnih na področju boja proti nasilju nad ženskami, in vzpostavijo učinkovito sodelovanje s temi organizacijami.
usklajevalno telo
10. člen
1. Pogodbenice določijo ali ustanovijo enega ali več uradnih teles, odgovornih za usklajevanje, izvajanje, spremljanje in vrednotenje politik in ukrepov za preprečevanje vseh oblik nasilja in boj proti njim, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije. Ta telesa usklajujejo zbiranje podatkov v skladu z 11. členom, jih analizirajo in razširjajo rezultate.
2. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da organi, imenovani ali ustanovljeni na podlagi tega člena, prejemajo splošne informacije o ukrepih, sprejetih na podlagi VIII. poglavja.
3. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da imajo organi, imenovani ali ustanovljeni na podlagi tega člena, zmogljivosti za neposredno komunikacijo in krepitev odnosov z enakimi ali sorodnimi telesi v drugih pogodbenicah.
zbiranje podatkov in raziskave
11. člen
1. Za izvajanje te konvencije se pogodbenice zavezujejo:
a. v rednih časovnih presledkih ločeno zbirati ustrezne statistične podatke o primerih vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije;
b. podpirati raziskave o vseh oblikah nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, za preučevanje njihovih vzrokov in posledic, pojavnosti in stopnje obsodb ter učinkovitost ukrepov, sprejetih za izvajanje te konvencije.
2. Pogodbenice si prizadevajo v rednih časovnih presledkih izvesti anketiranje prebivalstva za oceno pojavnosti in trendov glede vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
3. Pogodbenice zagotovijo skupini strokovnjakov iz 66. člena te konvencije zbrane podatke na podlagi tega člena za spodbujanje mednarodnega sodelovanja in omogočanje mednarodne primerjave.
4. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da so zbrani podatki na podlagi tega člena na voljo javnosti.
III. poglavje – preprečevanje
splošne obveznosti
12. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne ukrepe za spodbujanje sprememb v družbenih in kulturnih vzorcih vedenja žensk in moških z namenom izkoreniniti predsodke, običaje, tradicije in vse druge prakse, ki temeljijo na ideji o manjvrednosti žensk ali na stereotipnih vlogah žensk in moških.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne in druge ukrepe za preprečevanje vseh oblik nasilja s področja uporabe te konvencije, ki bi ga izvajala katera koli fizična ali pravna oseba.
3. Vsi ukrepi, sprejeti v skladu s tem poglavjem, upoštevajo in obravnavajo posebne potrebe oseb, ki so ranljive zaradi posebnih okoliščin, in postavljajo človekove pravice vseh žrtev v središče.
4. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne ukrepe za spodbujanje vseh članov družbe, predvsem moških in fantov, da dejavno prispevajo k preprečevanju vseh oblik nasilja s področja uporabe te konvencije.
5. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da se kultura, običaji, vera, tradicija ali t. i. “čast” ne štejejo kot opravičilo za kakršna koli nasilna dejanja iz področja uporabe te konvencije.
6. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne ukrepe za spodbujanje programov in dejavnosti za krepitev moči žensk.
ozaveščanje
13. člen
1. Pogodbenice na vseh ravneh redno spodbujajo ali izvajajo kampanje ali programe ozaveščanja, tudi v sodelovanju z nacionalnimi institucijami za človekove pravice in telesi za enakost, civilno družbo in nevladnimi organizacijami, zlasti ženskimi organizacijami, kadar je to primerno, za večjo ozaveščenost in razumevanje javnosti o vseh pojavnih oblikah nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, njihovih posledicah na otroke in potrebi po preprečevanju takega nasilja.
2. Pogodbenice zagotovijo široko razširjanje informacij v javnosti o razpoložljivih ukrepih za preprečevanje nasilnih dejanj, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
izobraževanje
14. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo, kadar je to primerno, potrebne ukrepe za vključitev učnega gradiva o vprašanjih, kakor so enakost med ženskami in moškimi, nestereotipne vloge spolov, medsebojno spoštovanje, nenasilno reševanje sporov v medosebnih odnosih, nasilje nad ženskami zaradi spola in pravica do osebne integritete, prilagojenega razvijajočim se sposobnostim udeležencev izobraževanja, v uradne učne načrte na vseh ravneh izobraževanja.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne ukrepe za spodbujanje uporabe načel iz prejšnjega odstavka v neformalnih izobraževalnih ustanovah kakor tudi v športnih in kulturnih objektih ter objektih za prosti čas in v medijih.
usposabljanje strokovnjakov
15. člen
1. Pogodbenice zagotovijo ali okrepijo ustrezna usposabljanja za strokovnjake, ki se ukvarjajo z žrtvami ali storilci vsakršnih nasilnih dejanj s področja uporabe te konvencije, o preprečevanju in odkrivanju teh nasilnih dejanj, o enakosti med ženskami in moškimi, o potrebah in pravicah žrtev ter preprečevanju sekundarne viktimizacije.
2. Pogodbenice spodbujajo, da usposabljanje iz prvega odstavka vključuje usposabljanje za usklajeno vsestransko sodelovanje vseh ustreznih akterjev, da se omogočijo celoviti in ustrezni napotitveni postopki v primerih nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
preventivno delovanje in programi obravnavanja
16. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za vzpostavitev ali podporo programov za učenje storilcev nasilja v družini o nenasilnem vedenju v medosebnih odnosih z namenom preprečevanja nadaljnjega nasilja in spreminjanja nasilnih vedenjskih vzorcev.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za vzpostavitev ali podporo programom, katerih namen je preprečiti storilcem, posebej spolnim prestopnikom, da bi ponovili dejanje.
3. Pri sprejemanju ukrepov iz prvega in drugega odstavka pogodbenice zagotovijo, da so varnost, podpora in človekove pravice žrtev glavna skrb in da se, kadar je to primerno, ti programi vzpostavijo in izvajajo v tesnem sodelovanju s strokovnimi službami za podporo žrtvam.
sodelovanje zasebnega sektorja in medijev
17. člen
1. Pogodbenice spodbujajo zasebni sektor, sektor informacijske in komunikacijske tehnologije ter medije, ob spoštovanju njihove svobode izražanja in neodvisnosti, da sodelujejo pri pripravi in izvajanju politik ter določijo smernice in samourejevalne standarde za preprečevanje nasilja nad ženskami in okrepijo spoštovanje njihovega dostojanstva.
2. Pogodbenice v sodelovanju z zasebnim sektorjem razvijajo in spodbujajo usposobljenost otrok, staršev in učiteljev za ustrezno ravnanje z informacijsko-komunikacijskim okoljem, ki omogoča dostop do ponižujočih spolnih ali nasilnih vsebin, ki bi lahko bile škodljive.
IV. poglavje – zaščita in podpora
splošne obveznosti
18. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zaščito vseh žrtev pred nadaljnjimi nasilnimi dejanji.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe v skladu z notranjim pravom za zagotovitev ustreznih mehanizmov za zagotavljanje učinkovitega sodelovanja med vsemi ustreznimi državnimi organi, vključno s sodstvom, javnimi tožilstvom, organi pregona, lokalnimi in regionalnimi organi, tudi nevladnimi organizacijami ter drugimi ustreznimi organizacijami in subjekti, pri zaščiti in podpori žrtev in prič vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, vključno s sklicevanjem na splošne in posebne podporne storitve, kakor so podrobneje opisane v 20. in 22. členu te konvencije.
3. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da ukrepi, sprejeti na podlagi tega poglavja:
– temeljijo na razumevanju vidika spola pri nasilju nad ženskami in nasilju v družini ter poudarjajo človekove pravice in varnost žrtve;
– temeljijo na celostnem pristopu, ki upošteva razmerje med žrtvami, storilci, otroki in njihovim širšim družbenim okoljem;
– so namenjeni preprečevanju sekundarne viktimizacije;
– so namenjeni krepitvi moči in ekonomski neodvisnosti žensk žrtev nasilja;
– omogočajo, kadar je to primerno, da so izvajalci različnih storitev za zaščito in podporo na isti lokaciji;
– obravnavajo posebne potrebe ranljivih oseb, vključno z otroki, ki so žrtve, in jim zadostijo.
4. Zagotovitev storitve ne sme biti odvisna od pripravljenosti žrtve, da ovadi storilca ali priča proti njemu.
5. Pogodbenice sprejmejo ustrezne ukrepe za zagotovitev konzularne in druge zaščite ter za podporo svojim državljanom in drugim žrtvam, ki imajo pravico do take zaščite, v skladu s svojimi obveznostmi po mednarodnem pravu.
informacije
19. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da žrtve prejmejo ustrezne in pravočasne informacije o razpoložljivih podpornih storitvah in pravnih ukrepih v jeziku, ki ga razumejo.
splošne podporne storitve
20. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da imajo žrtve dostop do storitev, ki jim omogočajo okrevanje po nasilju. Ti ukrepi morajo vključevati, kadar je to potrebno, storitve, kakor so pravno in psihološko svetovanje, finančna pomoč, nastanitev, izobraževanje, usposabljanje in pomoč pri iskanju zaposlitve.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da imajo žrtve dostop do zdravstvenih in socialnih storitev ter da so storitve ustrezno financirane in strokovnjaki usposobljeni za pomoč žrtvam in njihovo napotitev k ustreznim storitvam.
pomoč pri individualnih/skupinskih pritožbah
21. člen
Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da imajo žrtve informacije in dostop do veljavnih regionalnih in mednarodnih mehanizmov za individualne/skupinske pritožbe. Pogodbenice spodbujajo zagotavljanje ustrezne za nasilje občutljive in vešče pomoči žrtvam, kadar slednje vlagajo pritožbe.
strokovne podporne storitve
22. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, s katerimi zagotovijo ali preskrbijo ustrezno geografsko razporejene takojšnje, kratkoročne in dolgoročne strokovne podporne storitve za vsako žrtev katerih koli nasilnih dejanj, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
2. Pogodbenice zagotovijo ali preskrbijo posebne strokovne podporne storitve za vse ženske, žrtve nasilja, in njihove otroke.
zavetišča
23. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za vzpostavitev zadostnega števila ustreznih lahko dostopnih zavetišč, ki nudijo varno nastanitev in proaktivno navezovanje stika z žrtvami, predvsem ženskami in njihovimi otroki.
telefonske številke za pomoč
24. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za vzpostavitev brezplačnih 24-urnih (24/7) telefonskih številk za celotno območje države za zagotovitev zaupnega in anonimnega svetovanja klicateljem v zvezi z vsemi oblikami nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
podpora žrtvam spolnega nasilja
25. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za vzpostavitev zadostnega števila ustreznih lahko dostopnih kriznih napotitvenih centrov za žrtve posilstva ali spolnega nasilja za zagotovitev izvajanja medicinskih in forenzičnih preiskav, pomoč pri travmi in svetovanje žrtvam.
zaščita in podpora za otroke, priče
26. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se pri zagotavljanju zaščite in podpornih storitev žrtvam upoštevajo pravice in potrebe otrok, prič vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
2. Ukrepi, sprejeti na podlagi tega člena, vključujejo psihosocialno svetovanje, primerno starosti otrok, prič vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, in upoštevajo največje koristi otroka.
poročanje
27. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne ukrepe za spodbujanje vsake priče nasilnih dejanj, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, ali osebe, ki imajo utemeljene razloge za sum, da bi bilo takšno dejanje lahko storjeno ali da je pričakovati nadaljnja nasilna dejanja, da to sporoči pristojnim organizacijam ali organom.
poročanje strokovnjakov
28. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne ukrepe za zagotovitev, da pod ustreznimi pogoji pravila o zaupnosti, ki jih za nekatere poklice določa notranja zakonodaja, niso ovira za možnost prijave pristojnim organizacijam ali organom, če obstajajo utemeljeni razlogi za sum, da je bilo storjeno hudo nasilno dejanje s področja uporabe te konvencije, in je pričakovati, da se bodo huda nasilna dejanja nadaljevala.
V. poglavje – materialno pravo
civilne tožbe in pravna sredstva
29. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, da žrtvam zagotovijo ustrezna civilna pravna sredstva zoper storilca.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, da v skladu s splošnimi načeli mednarodnega prava žrtvam zagotovijo ustrezna civilna pravna sredstva zoper državne organe, ki ne izpolnjujejo svoje dolžnosti sprejemanja potrebnih preventivnih ali zaščitnih ukrepov v okviru svojih pristojnosti.
odškodnina
30. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da imajo žrtve pravico zahtevati odškodnino od storilcev za katera koli kazniva ravnanja, določena v skladu s to konvencijo.
2. Ustrezna državna odškodnina se dodeli tistim, ki so utrpeli hudo telesno poškodbo ali okvaro zdravja do te mere, da škode ne krijejo drugi viri, kakor so storilci, zavarovanje ali javno zdravstvo in socialne določbe. To ne preprečuje pogodbenicam, da ne bi od storilca zahtevale povračila za odškodnino, dokler je ustrezna pozornost namenjena varnosti žrtve.
3. Ukrepi, sprejeti v skladu s prejšnjim odstavkom, zagotavljajo dodelitev odškodnine v razumnem roku.
skrbništvo, pravica do stikov in varnost
31. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se pri določanju skrbništva in pravice do stikov z otroki upoštevajo nasilni dogodki, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da izvajanje pravice do stikov ali skrbništva ne ogrozi pravic in varnosti žrtve ali otrok.
civilne posledice prisilnih porok
32. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da so prisilne poroke lahko nične, razveljavljene ali razvezane brez nepotrebnega finančnega ali upravnega bremena za žrtve.
psihično nasilje
33. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naklepno dejanje, ki s silo ali grožnjo resno prizadene psihično celovitost osebe, opredeli kot kaznivo.
zalezovanje
34. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo ustrezne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naklepno ponavljajoče se zastraševalno ravnanje, ki pri drugi osebi povzroči strah za njeno varnost, opredeli kot kaznivo.
fizično nasilje
35. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naklepno dejanje fizičnega nasilja nad drugo osebo opredeli kot kaznivo.
spolno nasilje, vključno s posilstvom
36. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naslednja naklepna dejanja opredelijo kot kazniva:
a. vaginalna, analna ali oralna spolna penetracija v telo druge osebe s katerim koli delom telesa ali predmetom brez njenega privoljenja;
b. izvajanje drugih spolnih dejanj z osebo proti njeni volji;
c. pripraviti drugo osebo v neprostovoljna spolna dejanja s tretjo osebo.
2. Privolitev mora biti dana prostovoljno kot izraz svobodne volje osebe, ocenjene v okviru danih okoliščin.
3. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se določbe prvega odstavka uporabljajo tudi za dejanja, storjena zoper nekdanje ali sedanje zakonce ali partnerje, kakor jih priznava notranje pravo.
prisilna poroka
37. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naklepno dejanje prisiljenja odraslega ali otroka v poroko opredeli kot kaznivo.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naklepno dejanje zvabiti odraslega ali otroka na ozemlje pogodbenice ali druge države, kjer ona ali on nima prebivališča, z namenom prisiliti jo ali ga v poroko, opredeli kot kaznivo.
pohabljenje ženskih spolovil
38. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naslednja naklepna dejanja opredelijo kot kazniva:
a. ekscizija, infibulacija ali drugo pohabljenje celotnih ali delov ženskih velikih sramnih ustnic, malih sramnih ustnic ali klitorisa;
b. prisiljenje ali napeljevanje ženske, da se na njej izvajajo dejanja iz točke a;
c. prepričevanje, prisiljenje ali napeljevanje dekleta, da se na njej izvajajo dejanja iz točke a.
prisilna prekinitev nosečnosti in prisilna sterilizacija
39. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se naslednja naklepna dejanja opredelijo kot kazniva:
a. izvajanje prisilne prekinitve nosečnosti brez predhodne in zavestne privolitve ženske;
b. opravljanje operacije, katere namen ali posledica je prenehanje ženske sposobnosti za naravno reprodukcijo brez njene predhodne in zavestne privolitve ali razumevanja postopka.
spolno nadlegovanje
40. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se vsaka oblika neželenega verbalnega, neverbalnega ali fizičnega spolnega dejanja z namenom ali posledico prizadeti dostojanstvo osebe, zlasti kadar gre za ustvarjanje zastraševalnega, sovražnega, ponižujočega, sramotilnega ali žaljivega okolja, kazensko ali drugače pravno sankcionira.
pomoč ali napeljevanje in poskus
41. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, da se kot kaznivo ravnanje, kadar je storjeno naklepno, opredeli pomoč ali napeljevanje k storitvi kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s 33., 34., 35., 36., 37. členom, točko a. 38. člena in 39. členom te konvencije.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, da se kot kazniva ravnanja, kadar so storjena naklepno, opredeli poskus kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s 35., 36., 37. členom, točko a. 38. člena in 39. členom te konvencije.
nesprejemljivo opravičevanje zločinov, vključno z zločini, storjenimi v imenu t. i. “časti”
42. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se v kazenskih postopkih, sproženih po storitvi katerega koli nasilnega dejanja, ki ga zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, kultura, običaji, vera, tradicija ali t. i. ''čast'' ne štejejo kot opravičilo za taka dejanja. To se nanaša zlasti na trditev, da je žrtev prekršila kulturna, verska, družbena ali tradicionalna pravila ali običaje primernega obnašanja.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, s katerimi zagotovijo, da prepričevanje otroka s strani druge osebe, da stori katero od dejanj iz prejšnjega odstavka, ne sme zmanjšati kazenske odgovornosti te osebe za storjena dejanja.
obravnava kaznivih ravnanj
43. člen
Kazniva ravnanja, določena v skladu s to konvencijo, se obravnavajo ne glede na vrsto razmerja med žrtvijo in storilcem.
pristojnost
44. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za določitev pristojnosti za vsako kaznivo ravnanje v skladu s to konvencijo, kadar:
a. je storjeno na njihovem ozemlju; ali
b. je storjeno na ladji, ki pluje pod njihovo zastavo; ali
c. je storjeno v zrakoplovu, registriranim po njihovem pravu; ali
d. ga je storil njihov državljan; ali
e. ga je storila oseba, ki običajno prebiva na njihovem ozemlju.
2. Pogodbenice si prizadevajo sprejeti potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za določitev pristojnosti za vsako kaznivo ravnanje, določeno v skladu s to konvencijo, kadar je storjeno proti njihovemu državljanu ali osebi, ki običajno prebiva na njihovem ozemlju.
3. Za pregon kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s 36., 37., 38. in 39. členom te konvencije, pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da njihova pristojnost ni podrejena pogoju, da dejanja veljajo za kazniva na ozemlju, kjer so bila storjena.
4. Za pregon kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s 36., 37., 38. in 39. členom te konvencije, pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da njihova pristojnost glede točk d. in e. prvega odstavka, ni podrejena pogoju, da se pregon lahko začne le po žrtvini prijavi kaznivega ravnanja ali predložitvi podatkov države, v kateri je bilo storjeno kaznivo ravnanje.
5. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za določitev pristojnosti za kazniva ravnanja, določena v skladu s to konvencijo, kadar je domnevni storilec na njihovem ozemlju in ga ne izročijo drugi pogodbenici izključno zaradi njegovega državljanstva.
6. Kadar več kakor ena pogodbenica uveljavlja pristojnost za domnevno kaznivo ravnanje, določeno v skladu s to konvencijo, se vpletene pogodbenice po potrebi posvetujejo glede določitve najprimernejše pristojnosti za pregon.
7. Brez poseganja na splošna pravila mednarodnega prava ta konvencija ne izključuje kazenske pristojnosti, ki jo izvaja pogodbenica v skladu s svojim notranjim pravom.
sankcije in ukrepi
45. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se kazniva ravnanja, določena v skladu s to konvencijo, kaznujejo z učinkovitimi, sorazmernimi in odvračilnimi sankcijami ob upoštevanju njihove resnosti. Te sankcije vključujejo, kadar je to primerno, kazni, katerih posledica je odvzem prostosti, kar je lahko povod za izročitev.
2. Pogodbenice lahko sprejmejo druge ukrepe v zvezi s storilci, na primer:
– spremljanje ali nadzor obsojenih oseb;
– odvzem roditeljske pravice, če otrokove koristi, kar lahko vključuje varnost žrtve, ni mogoče zagotoviti na noben drug način.
obteževalne okoliščine
46. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se lahko naslednje okoliščine, če te niso že del bistvenih sestavin kaznivega ravnanja, v skladu z ustreznimi določbami notranjega prava upoštevajo kot obteževalne okoliščine pri določitvi kazni v zvezi s kaznivimi ravnanji, določenimi v skladu s to konvencijo:
a. kaznivo ravnanje zoper nekdanjega ali sedanjega zakonca ali partnerja, kakor ga priznava notranje pravo, je storil družinski član, oseba, ki živi z žrtvijo, ali oseba, ki je zlorabila svoj položaj;
b. kaznivo ravnanje ali podobna kazniva ravnanja so bila storjena večkrat;
c. kaznivo ravnanje je bilo storjeno zoper osebo, ranljivo zaradi posebnih okoliščin;
d. kaznivo ravnanje je bilo storjeno zoper otroka ali v njegovi navzočnosti;
e. kaznivo ravnanje sta storili dve osebi ali ga je storilo več oseb skupaj;
f. kaznivo ravnanje se je začelo s skrajnimi stopnjami nasilja ali jih je vključevalo;
g. kaznivo ravnanje je bilo storjeno z uporabo orožja ali grožnjo z njim;
h. kaznivo ravnanje je žrtvi povzročilo hudo telesno ali duševno škodo;
i. storilec je že bil obsojen zaradi podobnih kaznivih ravnanj.
kazni, ki jih izreče druga pogodbenica
47. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev možnosti, da se pri določitvi kazni v zvezi s kaznivimi ravnanji, določenimi v skladu s to konvencijo, upoštevajo pravnomočno izrečene kazni druge pogodbenice.
prepoved obveznih alternativnih postopkov reševanja sporov ali izrekanja kazni
48. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za prepoved obveznih alternativnih postopkov reševanja sporov, vključno z mediacijo in konciliacijo, v zvezi z vsemi oblikami nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev ustreznega upoštevanja sposobnosti storilca, da prevzame finančne obveznosti do žrtve, če mu je naloženo plačilo globe.
VI. poglavje – preiskovanje, pregon, procesno pravo in zaščitni ukrepi
splošne obveznosti
49. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev izvajanja preiskovanj in sodnih postopkov v zvezi z vsemi oblikami nasilja s področja uporabe te konvencije brez nepotrebnega odlašanja in ob upoštevanju pravic žrtev v vseh fazah kazenskega postopka.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe v skladu s temeljnimi načeli človekovih pravic in z upoštevanjem vidika spola pri nasilju, da zagotovijo učinkovito preiskovanje in pregon kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s to konvencijo.
takojšen odziv, preprečevanje in zaščita
50. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se pristojni organi pregona nemudoma in ustrezno odzovejo na vse oblike nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, z ustrezno in takojšnjo zaščito žrtev.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se pristojni organi pregona nemudoma in ustrezno vključijo v preprečevanje vseh oblik nasilja in zaščito pred njimi s področja uporabe te konvencije, vključno z uporabo preventivnih operativnih ukrepov in zbiranjem dokazov.
ocena in obvladovanje tveganja
51. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da vsi ustrezni organi pripravijo oceno tveganja smrtnosti, resnosti razmer in nevarnosti ponavljanja nasilja za obvladovanje tveganja in, če je to potrebno, zagotovitev usklajene varnosti in podpore.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da ocena iz prejšnjega odstavka v vseh fazah preiskovanja in uporabe zaščitnih ukrepov ustrezno upošteva dejstvo, da imajo storilci nasilnih dejanj s področja uporabe te konvencije strelno orožje ali dostop do njega.
nujni omejitveni ukrepi
52. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da imajo pristojni organi pooblastila za izrekanje ukrepov v primerih neposredne nevarnosti, da storilec nasilja v družini zapusti prebivališče žrtve ali ogrožene osebe za ustrezno dolgo obdobje in da se mu prepove vstop v prebivališče ali stik z žrtvijo ali ogroženo osebo. Ukrepi, sprejeti na podlagi tega člena, dajejo prednost varnosti žrtev ali ogroženih oseb.
ukrepi prepovedi približevanja ali za zagotovitev varnosti
53. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da so žrtvam vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije, na voljo ustrezni ukrepi prepovedi približevanja ali za zagotovitev varnosti.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da so ustrezni ukrepi prepovedi približevanja ali za zagotovitev varnosti iz prejšnjega odstavka:
– na voljo za takojšnjo zaščito in brez nepotrebnih finančnih ali upravnih bremen za žrtev;
– izdani za določeno obdobje ali dokler niso spremenjeni ali preklicani;
– kadar je to potrebno, izdani na podlagi ex parte s takojšnjim učinkom;
– na voljo ne glede na druge pravne postopke ali kot njihova dopolnitev;
– lahko uvedeni v naknadnih pravnih postopkih.
3. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se kršitev ukrepov prepovedi približevanja ali za zagotovitev varnosti, izdanih v skladu s prvim odstavkom, kaznuje z učinkovitimi, sorazmernimi in odvračilnimi kazenskimi ali drugimi pravnimi sankcijami.
preiskovanje in dokazi
54. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da so v vsakem civilnem ali kazenskem postopku dokazi, ki se nanašajo na spolno zgodovino in ravnanje žrtve, dovoljeni samo, kadar je to ustrezno in potrebno.
ex parte in ex officio postopki
55. člen
1. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da preiskovanje ali pregon kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s 35., 36., 37., 38. in 39. členom te konvencije, niso popolnoma odvisni od prijave ali pritožbe, ki jo vloži žrtev, če je bilo kaznivo ravnanje v celoti ali deloma storjeno na ozemlju pogodbenice, in da se postopki lahko nadaljujejo tudi, če žrtev prekliče svojo izjavo ali pritožbo.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se v skladu s pogoji njihovega notranjega prava zagotovi možnost za vladne in nevladne organizacije ter svetovalce za pomoč pri nasilju v družini, da žrtvam na njihovo zahtevo pomagajo in/ali jih podpirajo med preiskovanjem in sodnimi postopki v zvezi s kaznivimi ravnanji, določenimi v skladu s to konvencijo.
zaščitni ukrepi
56. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zaščito pravic in interesov žrtev, vključno z njihovimi posebnimi potrebami, ki jih imajo kot priče, v vseh fazah preiskovanja in sodnih postopkov, zlasti:
a. zagotavljajo njihovo zaščito ter zaščito njihovih družin in prič pred ustrahovanjem, maščevanjem in ponovno viktimizacijo;
b. zagotavljajo obveščenost žrtev, vsaj v primerih, ko bi bile lahko žrtve in družine v nevarnosti, kadar storilec pobegne ali je na prostosti začasno ali dokončno;
c. seznanijo žrtve, pod pogoji, ki jih določa notranje pravo, z njihovimi pravicami in storitvami, ki so jim na voljo, in posledicami njihove pritožbe, obtožbe, splošnim napredkom preiskave ali postopkov in z njihovo vlogo v njih, pa tudi o izidu njihovega primera;
d. omogočajo žrtvam zaslišanje v skladu s postopkovnimi pravili notranjega prava, predložitev dokazov in možnost, da predstavijo svoja stališča, potrebe in skrbi neposredno ali prek posrednika in jih obravnavajo;
e. preskrbijo žrtvam ustrezne podporne storitve, tako da so njihove pravice in interesi ustrezno predstavljeni in upoštevani;
f. zagotovijo, da se lahko sprejmejo ukrepi za zaščito zasebnosti žrtve in njene podobe;
g. zagotovijo, da se žrtve izognejo stiku s storilci v prostorih sodišča in organov pregona, kadar je to mogoče;
h. preskrbijo žrtvam neodvisnega in primernega tolmača, kadar so žrtve stranke v postopku ali ko predložijo dokaze;
i. omogočajo žrtvam pričanje v skladu z določbami notranjega prava v sodni dvorani, ne da bi bile tam navzoče ali vsaj brez navzočnosti domnevnega storilca, in sicer z uporabo ustreznih komunikacijskih tehnologij, kjer so na voljo.
2. Otrok žrtev in otrok priča nasilja nad ženskami in v družini je deležen, kadar je to primerno, posebnih zaščitnih ukrepov ob upoštevanju največje otrokove koristi.
pravna pomoč
57. člen
Pogodbenice zagotovijo pravico do pravne podpore in brezplačne pravne pomoči žrtvam pod pogoji, ki jih določa njihovo notranje pravo.
zastaranje
58. člen
Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se zastaralni rok za sprožitev pravnega postopka v zvezi s kaznivimi ravnanji, določenimi v skladu s 36., 37., 38. in 39. členom te konvencije, podaljša za obdobje, ki je potrebno in je sorazmerno s težo obravnavanega kaznivega ravnanja, da se omogoči učinkovit začetek postopkov po žrtvini polnoletnosti.
VII. poglavje – migracija in azil
prebivališče
59. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da žrtve, katerih prebivališče je odvisno od zakončevega ali partnerjevega, kakor ga priznava notranje pravo, ob prenehanju zakonske zveze ali razmerja zaradi posebej težkih razmer na zaprosilo prejmejo samostojno dovoljenje za prebivanje, ne glede na trajanje zakonske zveze ali razmerja. Pogoje v zvezi z odobritvijo in veljavnostjo samostojnega dovoljenja za prebivanje določa notranje pravo.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da lahko žrtve dosežejo začasno zaustavitev izgona, sproženo zaradi prebivališča, ki je odvisen od zakončevega ali partnerjevega, kakor ga priznava notranje pravo, kar jim omogoča, da zaprosijo za samostojno dovoljenje za prebivanje.
3. Pogodbenice izdajo obnovljivo dovoljenje za prebivanje žrtvam v enem od naslednjih dveh primerov ali v obeh:
a. kadar pristojni organ meni, da je njihovo bivanje nujno zaradi osebnega položaja;
b. kadar pristojni organ meni, da je njihovo bivanje nujno zaradi njihovega sodelovanja s pristojnimi organi pri preiskavi ali v kazenskih postopkih.
4. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da lahko žrtve prisilnih porok, ki so privedene v drugo državo zaradi sklenitve zakonske zveze in ki so zaradi tega izgubile prebivališče v državi, kjer običajno prebivajo, to prebivališče ponovno pridobijo.
prošnje za azil zaradi spola
60. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se nasilje nad ženskami zaradi spola lahko prizna kot oblika pregona v pomenu drugega odstavka točke A 1. člena Konvencije o statusu beguncev iz leta 1951 in kot oblika resne škode, ki omogoča dopolnilno/pomožno zaščito.
2. Pogodbenice zagotovijo, da se vsaka okoliščina navedene konvencije razlaga z vidika spola in da kadar bi do pregona prišlo zaradi ene ali več teh okoliščin, prosilcu prizna status begunca v skladu z ustreznimi veljavnimi instrumenti.
3. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe, da se za prosilce za azil oblikujejo sprejemni postopki, podporne storitve, smernice in azilni postopki, vključno z določitvijo statusa begunca in prošnjo za mednarodno zaščito, ki upoštevajo vidik spola.
načelo nevračanja
61. člen
1. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za spoštovanje načela nevračanja v skladu z obstoječimi obveznostmi po mednarodnem pravu.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da se žrtve nasilja nad ženskami, ki potrebujejo zaščito, ne glede na njihov status ali prebivališče, v nobenem primeru ne vrnejo v katero koli državo, kjer bi bilo njihovo življenje ogroženo ali kjer bi lahko bile izpostavljene mučenju ali nečloveškemu ali ponižujočemu ravnanju ali kaznovanju.
VIII. poglavje – mednarodno sodelovanje
splošna načela
62. člen
1. Pogodbenice med seboj sodelujejo v največjem možnem obsegu v skladu z določbami te konvencije in z uporabo ustreznih mednarodnih in regionalnih instrumentov za sodelovanje v civilnih in kazenskih zadevah, z dogovori na podlagi enotne ali vzajemne zakonodaje in notranjega prava zaradi:
a. preprečevanja, boja in pregona vseh oblik nasilja, ki jih zajema področje uporabe te konvencije;
b. zaščite in zagotavljanja pomoči žrtvam;
c. preiskav ali postopkov v zvezi s kaznivimi ravnanji, vzpostavljenimi v skladu s to konvencijo;
d. izvajanja ustreznih civilnih in kazenskih sodnih odločb, ki jih izdajo sodni organi pogodbenic, vključno z ukrepi za zagotovitev varnosti.
2. Pogodbenice sprejmejo potrebne zakonodajne ali druge ukrepe za zagotovitev, da žrtve kaznivega ravnanja, določenega v skladu s to konvencijo in storjenega na ozemlju pogodbenice, v kateri žrtve ne prebivajo, lahko vložijo prijavo pri pristojnih organih v državi njihovega bivališča.
3. Če pogodbenica pogojuje vzajemno pravno pomoč v kazenskih zadevah, izročitev ali izvajanje civilnih ali kazenskih sodb, ki jih je izrekla druga pogodbenica te konvencije, z obstojem mednarodne pogodbe, prejme zahtevo za takšno pravno sodelovanje od pogodbenice, s katero mednarodna pogodba ni bila sklenjena, lahko šteje to konvencijo kot pravno podlago za vzajemno pravno pomoč v kazenskih zadevah, za izročitev ali izvajanje civilnih ali kazenskih sodb, ki jih je izrekla druga pogodbenica v zvezi s kaznivimi ravnanji, določenimi v skladu s to konvencijo.
4. Pogodbenice si prizadevajo za vključevanje, kadar je to primerno, preprečevanja in boja proti nasilju nad ženskami in nasilja v družini v programe razvojne pomoči, predvidene v korist tretjih držav, vključno s sklenitvijo dvostranskih in večstranskih sporazumov s tretjimi državami z namenom omogočiti zaščito žrtev v skladu s petim odstavkom 18. člena.
ukrepi za ogrožene osebe
63. člen
Kadar ima pogodbenica na podlagi razpoložljivih informacij utemeljen razlog za sum, da je oseba v neposredni nevarnosti za izpostavljenost kateremu koli nasilnemu dejanju iz 36., 37., 38. in 39. člena te konvencije na ozemlju druge pogodbenice, se pogodbenico, ki ima te informacije, spodbuja, da te informacije nemudoma sporoči drugi pogodbenici zaradi sprejetja ustreznih varnostnih ukrepov. Kadar je to primerno, mora informacija vsebovati podatke o veljavnih določbah o zaščiti v korist ogrožene osebe.
informacije
64. člen
1. Zaprošena pogodbenica takoj obvesti pogodbenico prosilko o končnem rezultatu aktivnosti, izvedenih na podlagi tega poglavja. Zaprošena pogodbenica prav tako nemudoma obvesti pogodbenico prosilko o vseh okoliščinah, ki onemogočajo izvajanje zaprošenih aktivnosti, ali če utegnejo imeti znatno zamudo.
2. Pogodbenica lahko v okviru svojega notranjega prava brez predhodnega zaprosila drugi pogodbenici sporoči podatke, pridobljene na podlagi lastnih preiskav, kadar meni, da bi bilo razkritje takih informacij lahko v pomoč pogodbenici prejemnici pri preprečevanju kaznivih ravnanj, določenih v skladu s to konvencijo, ali pri uvedbi ali vodenju preiskovanja ali postopkov v zvezi s temi kaznivimi ravnanji, ali da bi to lahko vodilo do zaprosila za sodelovanje s to pogodbenico po tem poglavju.
3. Pogodbenica, ki prejme kakršne koli podatke v skladu s prejšnjim odstavkom, jih predloži pristojnim organom, da lahko sprožijo postopke, če jih ocenijo kot primerne, ali da se ti podatki lahko upoštevajo v ustreznih civilnih in kazenskih postopkih.
varstvo podatkov
65. člen
Osebni podatki se hranijo in uporabljajo v skladu z obveznostmi pogodbenic na podlagi Konvencije o varstvu posameznikov glede na avtomatsko obdelavo osebnih podatkov (ETS 108).
IX. poglavje – mehanizem za spremljanje
skupina strokovnjakov za ukrepanje proti nasilju nad ženskami in nasilju v družini
66. člen
1. Skupina strokovnjakov za ukrepanje proti nasilju nad ženskami in nasilju v družini (v nadaljnjem besedilu: GREVIO) spremlja, kako pogodbenice izvajajo to konvencijo.
2. GREVIO sestavlja najmanj 10 in največ 15 članov, ob upoštevanju spolnega in geografskega ravnotežja ter večdisciplinarnosti strokovnega znanja. Člane izmed kandidatov, ki jih predlagajo pogodbenice, izvoli odbor pogodbenic za štiriletni mandat, ki je obnovljiv enkrat. Člani so izbrani izmed državljanov pogodbenic.
3. Prve volitve desetih članov so v enem letu po začetku veljavnosti te konvencije. Izvolitev petih dodatnih članov se izvede po 25. ratifikaciji ali pristopu.
4. Izvolitev članov GREVIO temelji na naslednjih načelih:
a. izbrani so v preglednem postopku med osebami z visokimi moralnimi vrednotami, priznanimi kot strokovnjaki na področjih človekovih pravic, enakosti spolov, nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ali pomoči in zaščite žrtev ali imajo ustrezne strokovne izkušnje na področjih iz te konvencije;
b. v njem je lahko največ en državljan posamezne države;
c. predstavljajo glavne pravne sisteme;
d. predstavljajo pomembne akterje in organe na področju nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini;
e. delujejo kot posamezniki ter so neodvisni in nepristranski pri opravljanju svojih nalog in so na voljo za učinkovito izpolnjevanje svojih dolžnosti.
5. Postopek izvolitve članov GREVIO določi Odbor ministrov Sveta Evrope po posvetovanju s pogodbenicami in po pridobitvi njihove soglasne odobritve v šestih mesecih po začetku veljavnosti te konvencije.
6. GREVIO sprejme svoj poslovnik.
7. Člani GREVIO in drugi člani delegacij, ki so na obisku v posamezni državi, kakor je določeno v devetem in štirinajstem odstavku 68. člena, imajo privilegije in imunitete, določene v dodatku k tej konvenciji.
odbor pogodbenic
67. člen
1. Odbor pogodbenic sestavljajo predstavniki pogodbenic te konvencije.
2. Odbor pogodbenic skliče generalni sekretar Sveta Evrope. Prvi sestanek se izvede v enem letu po začetku veljavnosti te konvencije zaradi izvolitve članov GREVIO. Pozneje se sestaja na zahtevo ene tretjine pogodbenic, predsednika odbora pogodbenic ali generalnega sekretarja.
3. Odbor pogodbenic sprejme svoj poslovnik.
postopek
68. člen
1. Pogodbenice generalnemu sekretarju Sveta Evrope za obravnavo na GREVIO predložijo poročilo na podlagi vprašalnika, ki ga pripravi GREVIO, o zakonodajnih in drugih ukrepih za izvajanje določb te konvencije.
2. GREVIO s predstavniki posamezne pogodbenice obravnava poročilo, predloženo v skladu s prejšnjim odstavkom.
3. Poznejši postopki vrednotenja potekajo v krogih, katerih trajanje določi GREVIO. Na začetku vsakega kroga GREVIO izbere posamezne določbe, ki so podlaga za postopek vrednotenja, in razpošlje vprašalnik.
4. GREVIO določi najustreznejša sredstva za izvajanje postopka spremljanja. Za vsak krog vrednotenja lahko GREVIO pripravi vprašalnik, ki je podlaga za postopek vrednotenja o tem, kako pogodbenice izvajajo konvencijo. Ta vprašalnik se pošlje vsem pogodbenicam. Pogodbenice ga izpolnijo in zagotovijo tudi vse druge informacije, ki jih zahteva GREVIO.
5. GREVIO lahko prejme informacije o izvajanju konvencije od nevladnih organizacij, civilne družbe in nacionalnih institucij za varstvo človekovih pravic.
6. GREVIO ustrezno upošteva obstoječe razpoložljive informacije drugih regionalnih in mednarodnih instrumentov in organov s področij uporabe te konvencije.
7. Pri sprejemanju vprašalnika za vsak krog vrednotenja GREVIO ustrezno upošteva obstoječo zbirko podatkov in raziskave pogodbenic iz 11. člena te konvencije.
8. GREVIO lahko prejme informacije o izvajanju konvencije od komisarja Sveta Evrope za človekove pravice, parlamentarne skupščine in ustreznih posebnih teles Sveta Evrope ter od tistih, ustanovljenih na podlagi drugih mednarodnih instrumentov. GREVIO bodo na voljo pritožbe, ki so predložene tem organom, in njihov izid.
9. GREVIO lahko v sodelovanju z državnimi organi in ob podpori neodvisnih nacionalnih strokovnjakov dodatno organizira obiske držav, če pridobljene informacije niso zadostne ali v primerih iz štirinajstega odstavka. Med temi obiski lahko GREVIO pomagajo strokovnjaki z določenih področij.
10. GREVIO pripravi osnutek poročila, ki vsebuje njegovo analizo o izvajanju določb, ki so podlaga za vrednotenje, ter njegove pobude in predloge za način reševanja ugotovljenih težav. Osnutek poročila se pošlje pogodbenici, ki je predmet vrednotenja, da poda pripombe. GREVIO jih upošteva pri sprejemanju svojega poročila.
11. Na podlagi vseh prejetih informacij in pripomb pogodbenic GREVIO sprejme svoje poročilo in ugotovitve v zvezi z ukrepi, ki jih je sprejela pogodbenica za izvajanje določb te konvencije. To poročilo in ugotovitve se pošljejo pogodbenici in odboru pogodbenic. Poročilo in ugotovitve GREVIO so od sprejetja dalje javni, skupaj z morebitnimi pripombami pogodbenice.
12. Brez poseganja v postopek iz prvega do osmega odstavka lahko odbor pogodbenic na podlagi poročila in ugotovitev GREVIO sprejme priporočila, naslovljena na to pogodbenico, v zvezi z: a) ukrepi, ki jih je treba sprejeti, za izvedbo sklepov GREVIO, po potrebi z določitvijo dneva, do katerega je treba sporočiti informacijo o izvajanju priporočil, in b) namenom spodbujanja sodelovanja s to pogodbenico za ustrezno izvajanje te konvencije.
13. Če GREVIO prejme zanesljive informacije, ki kažejo na razmere, v katerih težave zahtevajo takojšnje ukrepanje, da se prepreči ali omeji obseg ali število resnih kršitev te konvencije, lahko zahteva nujno predložitev posebnega poročila o sprejetih ukrepih za preprečitev resnega, obsežnega ali trdovratnega vzorca nasilja nad ženskami.
14. Ob upoštevanju informacij, ki jih predloži pogodbenica, in vseh drugih razpoložljivih zanesljivih informacij lahko GREVIO imenuje enega ali več svojih članov, da vodijo preiskavo in nemudoma poročajo GREVIO. Kadar je to upravičeno in s soglasjem pogodbenice, lahko preiskava vključuje tudi obisk na njenem ozemlju.
15. Po proučitvi ugotovitev preiskave iz prejšnjega odstavka pošlje GREVIO te ugotovitve pogodbenici in, kadar je to primerno, odboru pogodbenic in Odboru ministrov Sveta Evrope skupaj z vsemi pripombami in priporočili.
splošna priporočila
69. člen
GREVIO lahko, kadar je to primerno, sprejme splošna priporočila za izvajanje te konvencije.
parlamentarna udeležba pri spremljanju
70. člen
1. Nacionalni parlamenti so vabljeni k sodelovanju pri spremljanju ukrepov, sprejetih za izvajanje te konvencije.
2. Pogodbenice predložijo poročila GREVIO svojim nacionalnim parlamentom.
3. Parlamentarna skupščina Sveta Evrope je vabljena, da se redno seznanja z izvajanjem te konvencije.
X. poglavje – razmerje do drugih mednarodnih instrumentov
razmerje do drugih mednarodnih instrumentov
71. člen
1. Ta konvencija ne vpliva na obveznosti, ki izhajajo iz drugih mednarodnih instrumentov, katerih pogodbenice so ali bodo postale pogodbenice te konvencije, in ki vsebujejo določbe o zadevah, ki jih ureja ta konvencija.
2. Pogodbenice te konvencije lahko med seboj sklenejo dvostranske in večstranske sporazume o zadevah, ki jih obravnava ta konvencija, zaradi dopolnitve ali okrepitve določb ali lažje uporabe načel, ki jih vsebuje.
XI. poglavje – spremembe konvencije
spremembe
72. člen
1. Vsak predlog za spremembo te konvencije, ki ga pripravi pogodbenica, se sporoči generalnemu sekretarju Sveta Evrope, ki ga pošlje državam članicam Sveta Evrope, vsaki podpisnici, vsaki pogodbenici, Evropski uniji, vsaki državi, ki je bila povabljena k podpisu te konvencije v skladu z 75. členom, in vsaki državi, ki je bila povabljena k pristopu k tej konvenciji v skladu s 76. členom.
2. Odbor ministrov Sveta Evrope obravnava predlagane spremembe in po posvetovanju s pogodbenicami te konvencije, ki niso članice Sveta Evrope, lahko sprejme spremembo z večino glasov, kakor je predvideno v d. točki 20. člena statuta Sveta Evrope.
3. Besedilo vsake spremembe, ki jo sprejme Odbor ministrov v skladu s prejšnjim odstavkom, se pošlje pogodbenicam v sprejetje.
4. Vsaka sprememba, sprejeta v skladu z drugim odstavkom, začne veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku enega meseca po dnevu, ko so vse pogodbenice obvestile generalnega sekretarja, da so jo sprejele.
XII. poglavje – končne določbe
učinki konvencije
73. člen
Določbe te konvencije ne posegajo v določbe notranjega prava in zavezujoče mednarodne instrumente, ki že veljajo ali lahko začnejo veljati, po katerih so ali so bile priznane ugodnejše pravice osebam za preprečevanje nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ter boj proti njima.
reševanje sporov
74. člen
1. Pogodbenice najprej poskušajo vsak spor, ki lahko nastane v zvezi z uporabo ali razlago določb te konvencije, rešiti s pogajanji, konciliacijo, arbitražo ali na kateri koli drug način za mirno reševanje, ki je sprejet z njihovim medsebojnim sporazumom.
2. Odbor ministrov Sveta Evrope lahko določi postopke za poravnavo, ki jih lahko uporabijo pogodbenice v primeru sporov, če se tako sporazumejo.
podpis in začetek veljavnosti
75. člen
1. Konvencija je na voljo za podpis državam članicam Sveta Evrope, državam nečlanicam, ki so sodelovale pri njeni pripravi, in Evropski uniji.
2. Konvencijo je treba ratificirati, sprejeti ali odobriti. Listine o ratifikaciji, sprejetju ali odobritvi se deponirajo pri generalnem sekretarju Sveta Evrope.
3. Konvencija začne veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku treh mesecev po dnevu, ko je deset podpisnic, od tega najmanj osem držav članic Sveta Evrope, izrazilo privolitev, da jih konvencija zavezuje v skladu z določbami prejšnjega odstavka.
4. Za vsako državo iz prvega odstavka ali za Evropsko unijo, ki naknadno izrazi soglasje, da jo konvencija zavezuje, začne konvencija veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku treh mesecev po dnevu deponiranja njene listine o ratifikaciji, sprejetju ali odobritvi.
pristop h konvenciji
76. člen
1. Po začetku veljavnosti te konvencije lahko Odbor ministrov Sveta Evrope po posvetovanju s pogodbenicami te konvencije in po pridobitvi njihove soglasne odobritve povabi katero koli državo nečlanico Sveta Evrope, ki ni sodelovala pri pripravi konvencije, da pristopi k njej s sklepom, ki ga sprejme večina, kakor določa d. točka 20. člena statuta Sveta Evrope, in s soglasno izvolitvijo predstavnikov pogodbenic, ki so upravičeni sodelovati v Odboru ministrov.
2. Za vsako državo pristopnico začne konvencija veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku treh mesecev po dnevu deponiranja listine o pristopu pri generalnem sekretarju Sveta Evrope.
ozemlja uporabe
77. člen
1. Vsaka država ali Evropska unija lahko ob podpisu ali deponiranju listine o ratifikaciji, sprejetju, odobritvi ali pristopu določi ozemlje ali ozemlja uporabe te konvencije.
2. Vsaka pogodbenica lahko kadar koli naknadno z izjavo, naslovljeno na generalnega sekretarja Sveta Evrope, razširi uporabo te konvencije na katero koli drugo ozemlje, določeno v izjavi, in za mednarodne odnose katerega je odgovorna ali v imenu katerega je pooblaščena sprejeti obveznosti. Za tako ozemlje začne konvencija veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku treh mesecev po dnevu, ko je generalni sekretar prejel tako izjavo.
3. Z uradnim obvestilom, naslovljenim na generalnega sekretarja Sveta Evrope, je mogoče umakniti vsako izjavo, dano po prejšnjih dveh odstavkih za katero koli ozemlje, določeno v taki izjavi. Umik začne veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku treh mesecev po dnevu, ko je generalni sekretar prejel tako uradno obvestilo.
pridržki
78. člen
1. K nobeni določbi te konvencije niso dopustni pridržki, razen tistih, določenih v drugem in tretjem odstavku.
2. Vsaka država ali Evropska unija lahko ob podpisu ali deponiranju svoje listine o ratifikaciji, sprejetju, odobritvi ali pristopu z izjavo, naslovljeno na generalnega sekretarja Sveta Evrope, izjavi, da si pridržuje pravico, da ne uporablja ali da uporablja samo v posebnih primerih ali pod posebnimi pogoji določbe iz:
– drugega odstavka 30. člena,
– točke e. prvega odstavka ter tretjega in četrtega odstavka 44. člena,
– prvega odstavka 55. člena ob upoštevanju 35. člena v zvezi z lažjimi kaznivimi ravnanji;
– 58. člena ob upoštevanju 37., 38, in 39. člena;
– 59. člena.
3. Vsaka država ali Evropska unija lahko ob podpisu ali deponiranju svoje listine o ratifikaciji, sprejetju, odobritvi ali pristopu z izjavo, naslovljeno na generalnega sekretarja Sveta Evrope, izjavi, da si pridržuje pravico zagotoviti nekazenske sankcije namesto kazenskih za ravnanja iz 33. in 34. člena.
4. Vsaka pogodbenica lahko v celoti ali delno umakne pridržek z izjavo, naslovljeno na generalnega sekretarja Sveta Evrope. Ta izjava začne veljati z dnem, ko jo prejme generalni sekretar.
veljavnost in pregled pridržkov
79. člen
1. Pridržki iz drugega in tretjega odstavka 78. člena za pogodbenico veljajo pet let od dneva začetka veljavnosti te konvencije. Pridržki se lahko obnovijo za enako dolga obdobja.
2. Osemnajst mesecev pred dnevom poteka veljavnosti pridržka generalni sekretar Sveta Evrope o tem obvesti pogodbenico. Najpozneje tri mesece pred potekom veljavnosti pogodbenica uradno obvesti generalnega sekretarja, da podaljšuje, spreminja ali umika svoj pridržek. Če generalni sekretar od pogodbenice ne prejme uradnega obvestila, jo obvesti, da je njen pridržek samodejno podaljšan za šest mesecev. Če pogodbenica ne pošlje uradnega obvestila o svoji nameri, da želi podaljšati ali spremeniti svoj pridržek pred iztekom tega obdobja, pridržek preneha veljati.
3. Če pogodbenica poda pridržek v skladu z drugim in tretjim odstavkom 78. člena, pred obnovitvijo ali na zaprosilo poda pojasnilo za GREVIO o razlogih zanj.
odpoved
80. člen
1. Vsaka pogodbenica lahko konvencijo kadar koli odpove z uradnim obvestilom, naslovljenim na generalnega sekretarja Sveta Evrope.
2. Taka odpoved začne veljati prvi dan meseca po poteku treh mesecev po dnevu, ko je generalni sekretar prejel uradno obvestilo.
uradno obvestilo
81. člen
Generalni sekretar Sveta Evrope uradno obvesti države članice Sveta Evrope, države nečlanice, ki so sodelovale pri njeni pripravi, vsako podpisnico, vsako pogodbenico, Evropsko unijo in vsako državo, ki je povabljena k pristopu k tej konvenciji, o:
a. vsakem podpisu;
b. deponiranju vsake listine o ratifikaciji, sprejetju, odobritvi ali pristopu;
c. vsakem dnevu začetka veljavnosti te konvencije v skladu s 75. in 76. členom;
d. vsaki spremembi, sprejeti v skladu z 72. členom, in dnevu začetka veljavnosti te spremembe;
e. vsakem pridržku in umiku pridržka na podlagi 78. člena;
f. vsaki odpovedi, dani na podlagi določb 80. člena;
g. vsakem drugem dejanju, uradnem obvestilu ali sporočilu v zvezi s to konvencijo.
V potrditev tega so podpisani, ki so bili za to pravilno pooblaščeni, podpisali to konvencijo.
Sestavljeno v Istanbulu, 11. maja 2011 v angleškem in francoskem jeziku, pri čemer sta obe besedili enako verodostojni, v enem izvodu, ki se hrani v arhivu Sveta Evrope. Generalni sekretar Sveta Evrope pošlje overjene kopije vsaki državi članici Sveta Evrope, državam nečlanicam, ki so sodelovale pri pripravi te konvencije, Evropski uniji in vsaki državi, ki je povabljena k pristopu k tej konvenciji.
Dodatek – privilegiji in imunitete (66. člen)
1. Ta dodatek se uporablja za člane GREVIO iz 66. člena konvencije in za druge člane delegacij za obisk v državi. Za namen tega dodatka izraz “drugi člani delegacije za obisk v državi” vključuje neodvisne nacionalne strokovnjake in specialiste iz devetega odstavka 68. člena konvencije, uslužbence Sveta Evrope in tolmače, ki jih zaposluje Svet Evrope, ki spremljajo GREVIO med obiski v državah.
2. Člani GREVIO in drugi člani delegacije za obisk v državi imajo med opravljanjem svojih nalog v zvezi s pripravo in izvedbo obiskov v državah ter pri nadaljnjih dejavnostih in med potovanji v zvezi s temi nalogami naslednje privilegije in imunitete:
a. imuniteto pred prijetjem ali odvzemom prostosti in pred zasegom osebne prtljage ter imuniteto pred sodnimi postopki vseh vrst v zvezi z izgovorjenimi ali zapisanimi besedami in za vsa dejanja, ki so jih storili pri opravljanju svoje uradne dolžnosti;
b. oprostitev kakršnega koli omejevanja njihove svobode gibanja pri izstopu iz in povratku v državo svojega bivanja ter vstopu v in izstopu iz države, v kateri opravljajo svoje naloge, in oprostitev prijave za tujce v državi, kjer so na obisku, ali prek katere potujejo pri opravljanju svojih nalog.
3. Med potovanji pri opravljanju svojih nalog imajo člani GREVIO in drugi člani delegacij za obisk v državi pri carinski in devizni kontroli enake ugodnosti, kakor predstavniki tujih vlad na začasni uradni dolžnosti.
4. Dokumenti v zvezi z oceno izvajanja te konvencije članov GREVIO in drugih članov delegacij za obisk v državi so nedotakljivi, če gre za dejavnost GREVIO. Uradne korespondence GREVIO ali uradnega komuniciranja članov GREVIO in drugih članov delegacij za obisk v državi ni mogoče prekiniti ali cenzurirati.
5. Za zagotovitev popolne svobode govora in popolne neodvisnosti pri opravljanju njihovih nalog imajo člani GREVIO in drugi člani delegacij za obisk v državi imuniteto pred pravnim postopkom za izrečene ali napisane besede in vsa dejanja, storjena pri opravljanju njihovih nalog, tudi po prenehanju njihovih dolžnosti.
6. Privilegiji in imunitete se podelijo osebam iz prvega odstavka tega dodatka, da se zagotovi neodvisno opravljanje njihovih nalog v interesu GREVIO in ne v njihovo osebno korist. Generalni sekretar Sveta Evrope vselej odvzame imuniteto osebam iz prvega odstavka tega dodatka, kadar bi bila po njegovem mnenju imuniteta ovirala uresničevanje načela zakonitosti in jo je mogoče odvzeti brez škode za interese GREVIO.
3. člen
Za izvajanje konvencije skrbijo ministrstvo, pristojno za delo, družino, socialne zadeve in enake možnosti, ministrstvo, pristojno za pravosodje in ministrstvo, pristojno za notranje zadeve.
4. člen
Republika Slovenija ob deponiranju svoje listine o ratifikaciji Konvencije Sveta Evrope o preprečevanju nasilja nad ženskami in nasilja v družini ter o boju proti njima generalnemu sekretarju Sveta Evrope sporoči naslednjo izjavo:
»Republika Slovenija si v skladu z drugim odstavkom 78. člena konvencije pridržuje pravico, da ne bo uporabljala drugega odstavka 30. člena konvencije, točke e prvega odstavka 44. člena konvencije, tretjega in četrtega odstavka 44. člena konvencije, prvega odstavka 55. člena ob upoštevanju 35. člena konvencije, 58. člena konvencije in 59. člena konvencije.«.
5. člen
Ta zakon začne veljati petnajsti dan po objavi v Uradnem listu Republike Slovenije – Mednarodne pogodbe.
Št. 542-08/11-2/17
Ljubljana, dne 19. decembra 2014
EPA 1802-V
Državni zbor
Republike Slovenije
Primož Hainz l.r.
Podpredsednik