Uradni list

Številka 96
Uradni list RS, št. 96/2002 z dne 14. 11. 2002
Uradni list

Uradni list RS, št. 96/2002 z dne 14. 11. 2002

Kazalo

81. Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije med Vlado Republike Slovenije in Vlado Republike Latvije o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja in preprečevanju davčnih utaj v zvezi z davki od dohodka in premoženja s protokolom (BLADOU), stran 1017.

Na podlagi druge alinee prvega odstavka 107. člena in prvega odstavka 91. člena Ustave Republike Slovenije izdajam
U K A Z
O RAZGLASITVI ZAKONA O RATIFIKACIJI KONVENCIJE MED VLADO REPUBLIKE SLOVENIJE IN VLADO REPUBLIKE LATVIJE O IZOGIBANJU DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA IN PREPREČEVANJU DAVČNIH UTAJ V ZVEZI Z DAVKI OD DOHODKA IN PREMOŽENJA S PROTOKOLOM (BLADOU)
Razglašam Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije med Vlado Republike Slovenije in Vlado Republike Latvije o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja in preprečevanju davčnih utaj v zvezi z davki od dohodka in premoženja s protokolom (BLADOU), ki ga je sprejel Državni zbor Republike Slovenije na seji 25. oktobra 2002.
Št. 001-22-141/02
Ljubljana, 5. novembra 2002
Predsednik
Republike Slovenije
Milan Kučan l. r.
Z A K O N
O RATIFIKACIJI KONVENCIJE MED VLADO REPUBLIKE SLOVENIJE IN VLADO REPUBLIKE LATVIJE O IZOGIBANJU DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA IN PREPREČEVANJU DAVČNIH UTAJ V ZVEZI Z DAVKI OD DOHODKA IN PREMOŽENJA S PROTOKOLOM (BLADOU)
1. člen
Ratificira se Konvencija med Vlado Republike Slovenije in Vlado Republike Latvije o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja in preprečevanju davčnih utaj v zvezi z davki od dohodka in premoženja s protokolom, podpisana v Ljubljani 17. aprila 2002.
2. člen
Konvencija s protokolom se v izvirniku v slovenskem in angleškem jeziku glasi:*
K O N V E N C I J A
MED VLADO REPUBLIKE SLOVENIJE IN VLADO REPUBLIKE LATVIJE O IZOGIBANJU DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA IN PREPREČEVANJU DAVČNIH UTAJ V ZVEZI Z DAVKI OD DOHODKA IN PREMOŽENJA
Vlada Republike Slovenije in Vlada Republike Latvije sta se
v želji, da skleneta konvencijo o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja in preprečevanju davčnih utaj v zvezi z davki od dohodka in premoženja,
sporazumeli, kot sledi:
1. člen
OSEBE, ZA KATERE SE UPORABLJA KONVENCIJA
Ta konvencija se uporablja za osebe, ki so rezidenti ene ali obeh držav pogodbenic.
2. člen
DAVKI, ZA KATERE SE UPORABLJA KONVENCIJA
1. Ta konvencija se uporablja za davke od dohodka in premoženja, ki so uvedeni v imenu države pogodbenice ali njenih političnih enot ali lokalnih oblasti, ne glede na način njihove uvedbe.
2. Za davke od dohodka in premoženja se štejejo vsi davki, uvedeni na celoten dohodek, celotno premoženje ali na sestavine dohodka ali premoženja, vključno z davki od dobička iz odtujitve premičnin ali nepremičnin ter davki na zvišanje vrednosti kapitala.
3. Obstoječi davki, za katere se uporablja konvencija, so zlasti:
a) v Sloveniji:
(i) davek od dobička pravnih oseb,
(ii) davek od dohodka posameznikov, vključno z mezdami in plačami, dohodkom iz kmetijskih dejavnosti, dohodkom iz poslovanja, dobičkom iz kapitala in dohodkom iz nepremičnin in premičnin (dohodnina),
(iii) davek od premoženja,
(iv) posebni davek na bilančno vsoto bank in hranilnic
(v nadaljevanju “slovenski davek“);
b) v Latviji:
(i) davek od dohodka podjetij (uzňçmumu ienâkuma nodoklis),
(ii) davek od osebnega dohodka (iedzîvotâju ienâkuma nodoklis),
(iii) davek na nepremičnine (nekustamâ îpašuma nodoklis)
(v nadaljevanju “latvijski davek“).
4. Ta konvencija se uporablja tudi za kakršne koli enake ali vsebinsko podobne davke, ki se uvedejo po datumu podpisa konvencije dodatno k obstoječim davkom ali namesto njih. Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic drug drugega uradno obvestita o vseh bistvenih spremembah njunih davčnih zakonodaj.
3. člen
SPLOŠNA OPREDELITEV IZRAZOV
1. Za namene te konvencije, razen če sobesedilo zahteva drugače:
a) izraz “Slovenija“ pomeni Republiko Slovenijo, in ko se uporablja v zemljepisnem smislu, ozemlje Slovenije, vključno z morskim območjem, morskim dnom in podzemljem ob teritorialnem morju, če Slovenija lahko nad takim morskim območjem, morskim dnom in podzemljem izvaja svoje suverene pravice in jurisdikcijo v skladu s svojo notranjo zakonodajo in mednarodnim pravom;
b) izraz “Latvija“ pomeni Republiko Latvijo, in ko se uporablja v zemljepisnem smislu, ozemlje Republike Latvije in vsako drugo območje ob teritorialnem morju Republike Latvije, na katerem se lahko po zakonodaji Latvije in v skladu z mednarodnim pravom izvajajo pravice Latvije v zvezi z morskim dnom in njegovim podzemljem ter z njunimi naravnimi viri;
c) izraza “država pogodbenica“ in “druga država pogodbenica“ pomenita, kot zahteva sobesedilo, Latvijo ali Slovenijo;
d) izraz “oseba“ vključuje posameznika, družbo in katero koli drugo telo, ki združuje več oseb;
e) izraz “družba“ pomeni katero koli korporacijo ali kateri koli subjekt, ki se za davčne namene obravnava kot korporacija;
f) izraza “podjetje države pogodbenice“ in “podjetje druge države pogodbenice“ pomenita podjetje, ki ga upravlja rezident države pogodbenice, in podjetje, ki ga upravlja rezident druge države pogodbenice;
g) izraz “mednarodni promet“ pomeni kakršen koli prevoz z ladjo ali letalom, ki ga opravlja podjetje države pogodbenice, razen če ladja ali letalo opravlja prevoze samo med kraji v drugi državi pogodbenici;
h) izraz “pristojni organ“ pomeni:
(i) v Sloveniji Ministrstvo za finance Republike Slovenije ali pooblaščenega predstavnika tega ministrstva;
(ii) v Latviji Ministrstvo za finance ali pooblaščenega predstavnika tega ministrstva;
i) izraz “državljan“ pomeni:
(i) katerega koli posameznika, ki ima državljanstvo države pogodbenice;
(ii) katero koli pravno osebo, osebno družbo ali združenje, katerih status izhaja iz veljavne zakonodaje v državi pogodbenici.
2. Kadar koli država pogodbenica uporabi konvencijo, ima kateri koli izraz, ki v njej ni opredeljen, razen če sobesedilo zahteva drugače, pomen, ki ga ima takrat po pravu te države za namene davkov, za katere se konvencija uporablja, pri čemer kateri koli pomen po veljavni davčni zakonodaji te države prevlada nad pomenom izraza po drugi zakonodaji te države.
4. člen
REZIDENT
1. Za namene te konvencije izraz “rezident države pogodbenice“ pomeni katero koli osebo, ki je po zakonodaji te države dolžna plačevati davke zaradi svojega stalnega prebivališča, prebivališča, sedeža uprave, kraja ustanovitve ali katerega koli drugega podobnega merila, in vključuje tudi to državo in katero koli njeno politično enoto ali lokalno oblast. Ta izraz pa ne vključuje katere koli osebe, ki je dolžna v tej državi plačevati davke samo v zvezi z dohodki iz virov v tej državi ali od premoženja v njej.
2. Kadar je zaradi določb prvega odstavka tega člena posameznik rezident obeh držav pogodbenic, se njegov status določi na naslednji način:
a) šteje se samo za rezidenta države, v kateri ima na razpolago stalno prebivališče; če ima stalno prebivališče na razpolago v obeh državah, se šteje samo za rezidenta države, s katero ima tesnejše osebne in ekonomske odnose (središče življenjskih interesov);
b) če ni mogoče opredeliti države, v kateri ima središče življenjskih interesov, ali če nima v nobeni od držav na razpolago stalnega prebivališča, se šteje samo za rezidenta države, v kateri ima običajno bivališče;
c) če ima običajno bivališče v obeh državah ali v nobeni od njiju, se šteje samo za rezidenta države, katere državljan je;
d) če je državljan obeh držav ali nobene od njiju, pristojna organa držav pogodbenic vprašanje rešita s skupnim dogovorom.
3. Kadar je zaradi določb prvega odstavka tega člena oseba, ki ni posameznik, rezident obeh držav pogodbenic, si pristojna organa držav pogodbenic prizadevata vprašanje rešiti s skupnim dogovorom. Če takega dogovora za namene te konvencije ne moreta doseči, oseba ni upravičena zahtevati ugodnosti iz te konvencije.
5. člen
STALNA POSLOVNA ENOTA
1. Za namene te konvencije izraz “stalna poslovna enota“ pomeni stalno mesto poslovanja, prek katerega v celoti ali delno potekajo posli podjetja.
2. Izraz “stalna poslovna enota“ še posebej vključuje:
a) sedež uprave,
b) podružnico,
c) pisarno,
d) tovarno,
e) delavnico in
f) rudnik, nahajališče nafte ali plina, kamnolom ali kateri koli drug kraj pridobivanja naravnih virov.
3. a) Gradbišče, projekt gradnje, montaže ali postavitve ali dejavnost nadzora v zvezi z njimi je stalna poslovna enota samo, če tako gradbišče, projekt ali dejavnost traja več kot devet mesecev.
b) Šteje se, da se dejavnosti, ki se pred obalo države pogodbenice v tej državi opravljajo v zvezi z raziskovanjem ali izkoriščanjem morskega dna in podzemlja ter njunih naravnih virov, opravljajo prek stalne poslovne enote v tej državi, če se take dejavnosti izvajajo v obdobju ali obdobjih, ki skupno trajajo več kot 30 dni v katerem koli obdobju dvanajstih mesecev.
4. Ne glede na prejšnje določbe tega člena se šteje, da izraz “stalna poslovna enota“ ne vključuje:
a) uporabe prostorov samo za namen skladiščenja, razstavljanja ali dostave dobrin ali blaga, ki pripada podjetju;
b) vzdrževanja zaloge dobrin ali blaga, ki pripada podjetju, samo za namen skladiščenja, razstavljanja ali dostave;
c) vzdrževanja zaloge dobrin ali blaga, ki pripada podjetju, samo za namen predelave s strani drugega podjetja;
d) vzdrževanja stalnega mesta poslovanja samo za namen nakupa dobrin ali blaga ali zbiranja informacij za podjetje;
e) vzdrževanja stalnega mesta poslovanja samo za namen opravljanja kakršne koli druge dejavnosti pripravljalne ali pomožne narave za podjetje;
f) vzdrževanja stalnega mesta poslovanja samo za kakršno koli kombinacijo dejavnosti, omenjenih v pododstavkih a) do e), pod pogojem, da je splošna dejavnost stalnega mesta poslovanja, ki je posledica te kombinacije, pripravljalne ali pomožne narave.
5. Ne glede na določbe prvega in drugega odstavka tega člena, kadar oseba – ki ni zastopnik z neodvisnim statusom, za katerega se uporablja šesti odstavek tega člena – deluje v imenu podjetja ter ima in običajno uporablja v državi pogodbenici pooblastilo za sklepanje pogodb v imenu podjetja, se za to podjetje šteje, da ima stalno poslovno enoto v tej državi v zvezi s katerimi koli dejavnostmi, ki jih ta oseba prevzame za podjetje, razen če so dejavnosti te osebe omejene na tiste iz četrtega odstavka tega člena, zaradi katerih se to stalno mesto poslovanja po določbah tega odstavka ne bi štelo za stalno poslovno enoto, če bi se opravljale prek stalnega mesta poslovanja.
6. Ne šteje se, da ima podjetje stalno poslovno enoto v državi pogodbenici samo zato, ker opravlja posle v tej državi prek posrednika, splošnega komisionarja ali katerega koli drugega zastopnika z neodvisnim statusom, pod pogojem, da te osebe delujejo v okviru svojega rednega poslovanja.
7. Dejstvo, da družba, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, nadzoruje družbo, ki je rezident druge države pogodbenice ali opravlja posle v tej drugi državi (prek stalne poslovne enote ali drugače) ali je pod nadzorom take družbe, samo po sebi še ne pomeni, da je ena od družb stalna poslovna enota druge.
6. člen
DOHODEK IZ NEPREMIČNIN
1. Dohodek rezidenta države pogodbenice, ki izhaja iz nepremičnin (vključno z dohodkom iz kmetijstva ali gozdarstva), ki so v drugi državi pogodbenici, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2. Izraz “nepremičnine“ ima pomen, ki ga ima po pravu države pogodbenice, v kateri je ta nepremičnina. Izraz vedno vključuje premoženje, ki je sestavni del nepremičnin, živino in opremo, ki se uporablja v kmetijstvu in gozdarstvu, pravice, za katere veljajo določbe splošnega prava v zvezi z zemljiško lastnino, vsako opcijo ali podobno pravico pridobiti nepremičnine, užitek na nepremičninah in pravice do spremenljivih ali stalnih plačil kot odškodnino za izkoriščanje ali pravico do izkoriščanja nahajališč rude, virov ter drugega naravnega bogastva, pravico do sredstev, pridobljenih z raziskovanjem ali izkoriščanjem morskega dna in podzemlja ter njunih naravnih virov, vključno s pravico do deležev v teh sredstvih ali do koristi iz njih. Ladje in letala se ne štejejo za nepremičnine.
3. Določbe prvega odstavka tega člena se uporabljajo za dohodek, ki se ustvari z neposredno uporabo, dajanjem v najem ali katero koli drugo obliko uporabe nepremičnine.
4. Kadar ima zaradi lastništva delnic ali drugih korporacijskih pravic v družbi lastnik takih delnic ali korporacijskih pravic v družbi pravico do uživanja nepremičnin družbe, se lahko dohodek iz neposredne uporabe, dajanja v najem ali vsake druge oblike uporabe take pravice do uživanja obdavči v državi pogodbenici, v kateri je nepremičnina.
5. Določbe prvega, tretjega in četrtega odstavka tega člena se uporabljajo tudi za dohodek iz nepremičnin podjetja in za dohodek iz nepremičnin, ki se uporabljajo za opravljanje samostojnih osebnih storitev.
7. člen
POSLOVNI DOBIČEK
1. Dobiček podjetja države pogodbenice se obdavči samo v tej državi, razen če podjetje posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej. Če podjetje posluje, kot je prej omenjeno, se lahko dobiček podjetja obdavči v drugi državi, vendar samo toliko dobička, ki se pripiše tej stalni poslovni enoti. Šteje se, da se dobiček od prodaje dobrin ali blaga, ki je enako ali podobno, kot se prodaja prek stalne poslovne enote, ali od drugih poslovnih dejavnosti, ki so enake ali podobne, kot se opravljajo prek stalne poslovne enote, lahko pripiše tej stalni poslovni enoti, če se ugotovi, da je bila taka prodaja ali dejavnost organizirana na način, namenjen izognitvi obdavčenju v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota.
2. Ob upoštevanju določb tretjega odstavka tega člena, kadar podjetje države pogodbenice posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej, se v vsaki državi pogodbenici tej stalni poslovni enoti pripiše dobiček, za katerega bi se lahko pričakovalo, da bi ga imela, če bi bila različno in ločeno podjetje, ki opravlja enake ali podobne dejavnosti pod istimi ali podobnimi pogoji ter povsem neodvisno posluje s podjetjem, katerega stalna poslovna enota je.
3. Pri določanju dobička stalne poslovne enote je v državi pogodbenici dovoljeno odšteti stroške (razen stroškov, ki jih ne bi bilo mogoče odšteti, če bi bila ta stalna poslovna enota ločeno podjetje te države pogodbenice), ki nastanejo za namene stalne poslovne enote, vključno s poslovodnimi in splošnimi upravnimi stroški, ki so tako nastali bodisi v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota, ali drugje.
4. Če se v državi pogodbenici dobiček, ki se pripiše stalni poslovni enoti, običajno določi na podlagi porazdelitve vsega dobička podjetja na njegove dele, nič v drugem odstavku tega člena tej državi pogodbenici ne preprečuje določiti obdavčljivega dobička z običajno porazdelitvijo; sprejeta metoda porazdelitve pa mora biti taka, da je rezultat v skladu z načeli tega člena.
5. Stalni poslovni enoti se ne pripiše dobiček samo zato, ker ta stalna poslovna enota nakupuje dobrine ali blago za podjetje.
6. Za namene prejšnjih odstavkov se dobiček, ki se pripiše stalni poslovni enoti, vsako leto določi po isti metodi, razen če je upravičen in zadosten razlog za nasprotno.
7. Kadar dobiček vključuje dohodkovne postavke, ki so posebej obravnavane v drugih členih te konvencije, določbe tega člena ne vplivajo na določbe tistih členov.
8. člen
LADIJSKI IN LETALSKI PREVOZ
1. Dobiček, ki ga podjetje države pogodbenice doseže iz opravljanja ladijskih ali letalskih prevozov v mednarodnem prometu, se obdavči samo v tej državi.
2. Določbe prvega odstavka tega člena se uporabljajo tudi za dobiček iz udeležbe v interesnem združenju (pool), mešanem podjetju ali mednarodni prevozni agenciji.
9. člen
POVEZANA PODJETJA
1. Kadar:
a) je podjetje države pogodbenice neposredno ali posredno udeleženo pri upravljanju, nadzoru ali v kapitalu podjetja druge države pogodbenice ali
b) so iste osebe neposredno ali posredno udeležene pri upravljanju, nadzoru ali v kapitalu podjetja države pogodbenice in podjetja druge države pogodbenice
in v obeh primerih obstajajo ali se uvedejo med podjetjema v njunih komercialnih ali finančnih odnosih pogoji, drugačni od tistih, ki bi obstajali med neodvisnimi podjetji, se kakršen koli dobiček, ki bi prirastel enemu od podjetij, če takih pogojev ne bi bilo, vendar prav zaradi takih pogojev ni prirastel, lahko vključi v dobiček tega podjetja in ustrezno obdavči.
2. Kadar država pogodbenica v dobiček podjetja te države vključuje – in ustrezno obdavči – dobiček, za katerega je bilo že obdavčeno podjetje druge države pogodbenice v tej drugi državi, in je tako vključeni dobiček dobiček, ki bi prirastel podjetju prve omenjene države, če bi bili pogoji, ki obstajajo med podjetjema, taki, kot bi obstajali med neodvisnimi podjetji, se pristojna organa držav pogodbenic lahko med seboj posvetujeta, da bi dosegla soglasje o prilagoditvi dobička v obeh državah pogodbenicah.
3. Država pogodbenica ne sme spremeniti dobička podjetja v primerih iz prvega odstavka tega člena po preteku rokov, določenih v njeni notranji zakonodaji, in v nobenem primeru po petih letih od konca leta, v katerem podjetju te države priraste dobiček, ki bi se lahko tako spremenil. Ta odstavek se ne uporablja v primeru goljufije ali namerne kršitve.
10. člen
DIVIDENDE
1. Dividende, ki jih družba, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, plača rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2. Take dividende pa se lahko obdavčijo tudi v državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je družba, ki dividende plačuje, in v skladu z zakonodajo te države, če pa je upravičeni lastnik dividend rezident druge države pogodbenice, tako obračunani davek ne presega:
a) 5 odstotkov bruto zneska dividend, če je upravičeni lastnik družba, ki ima neposredno v lasti najmanj 25 odstotkov kapitala družbe, ki plačuje dividende;
b) 15 odstotkov bruto zneska dividend v vseh drugih primerih.
Ta odstavek ne vpliva na obdavčenje družbe v zvezi z dobičkom, iz katerega se plačajo dividende.
3. Izraz “dividende“, kot je uporabljen v tem členu, pomeni dohodek iz delnic ali drugih pravic do udeležbe v dobičku, ki niso terjatve, in tudi dohodek iz drugih pravic, ki se davčno obravnava enako kot dohodek iz delnic po zakonodaji države, katere rezident je družba, ki dividende deli.
4. Določbe prvega in drugega odstavka tega člena se ne uporabljajo, če upravičeni lastnik dividend, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je družba, ki dividende plačuje, prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali opravlja v tej drugi državi samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej ter je delež, v zvezi s katerim se dividende plačajo, dejansko povezan s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
5. Kadar dobiček ali dohodek družbe, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, izhaja iz druge države pogodbenice, ta druga država ne sme uvesti nobenega davka na dividende, ki jih plača družba, razen če se te dividende plačajo rezidentu te druge države ali če je delež, v zvezi s katerim se take dividende plačajo, dejansko povezan s stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo v tej drugi državi, niti ne sme uvesti davka od nerazdeljenega dobička na nerazdeljeni dobiček družbe, tudi če so plačane dividende ali nerazdeljeni dobiček v celoti ali delno sestavljeni iz dobička ali dohodka, ki nastane v taki drugi državi.
11. člen
OBRESTI
1. Obresti, ki nastanejo v državi pogodbenici in se izplačajo rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2. Take obresti pa se lahko obdavčijo tudi v državi pogodbenici, v kateri nastanejo, in v skladu z zakonodajo te države, če pa je upravičeni lastnik obresti rezident druge države pogodbenice, tako zaračunani davek ne presega 10 odstotkov bruto zneska obresti.
3. Ne glede na določbe drugega odstavka tega člena so obresti, ki nastanejo v državi pogodbenici ter jih prejme in je njihov upravičeni lastnik vlada druge države pogodbenice, vključno z njenimi lokalnimi oblastmi in političnimi enotami, centralna banka, državna delniška družba “Latvijski izvozni krediti“ (Latvijas eksportkredits), Slovenska izvozna družba, ali obresti od posojil, za katera jamči družba “Latvijski izvozni krediti“ ali Slovenska izvozna družba, oproščene davka v prvi omenjeni državi.
4. Izraz “obresti“, kot je uporabljen v tem členu, pomeni dohodek iz vseh vrst terjatev ne glede na to, ali so zavarovane s hipoteko, in ne glede na to, ali imajo pravico do udeležbe v dolžnikovem dobičku, in še posebej dohodek iz državnih vrednostnih papirjev ter dohodek iz obveznic ali zadolžnic, vključno s premijami in nagradami za takšne vrednostne papirje, obveznice ali zadolžnice. Izraz “obresti“ pa ne vključuje nobenega dohodka, ki se v skladu z določbami 10. člena obravnava kot dividende. Kazni zaradi zamude pri plačilu se za namen tega člena ne štejejo za obresti.
5. Določbe prvega, drugega in tretjega odstavka tega člena se ne uporabljajo, če upravičeni lastnik obresti, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici, v kateri obresti nastanejo, prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali opravlja v tej drugi državi samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej ter je terjatev, v zvezi s katero se obresti plačajo, dejansko povezana s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
6. Šteje se, da obresti nastanejo v državi pogodbenici, kadar je plačnik rezident te države. Kadar pa ima oseba, ki plačuje obresti, ne glede na to, ali je rezident države pogodbenice, v državi pogodbenici stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo, v zvezi s katero je nastala zadolžitev, za katero se plačajo obresti ter take obresti krije taka stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza, se šteje, da take obresti nastanejo v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza.
7. Kadar zaradi posebnega odnosa med plačnikom in upravičenim lastnikom ali med njima in drugo osebo znesek obresti glede na terjatve, za katere se plačajo, presega znesek, za katerega bi se sporazumela plačnik in upravičeni lastnik, če takega odnosa ne bi bilo, se določbe tega člena uporabljajo samo za zadnji omenjeni znesek. V takem primeru se presežni del plačil še naprej obdavčuje v skladu z zakonodajo vsake države pogodbenice, pri čemer je treba upoštevati druge določbe te konvencije.
12. člen
LICENČNINE IN AVTORSKI HONORARJI
1. Licenčnine in avtorski honorarji, ki nastanejo v državi pogodbenici in se plačajo rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2. Take licenčnine in avtorski honorarji pa se lahko obdavčijo tudi v državi pogodbenici, v kateri nastanejo, in v skladu z zakonodajo te države, če pa je upravičeni lastnik licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev rezident druge države pogodbenice, tako zaračunani davek ne presega 10 odstotkov bruto zneska licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev.
3. Izraz “licenčnine in avtorski honorarji“, kot je uporabljen v tem členu, pomeni plačila vsake vrste, prejeta kot povračilo za uporabo ali pravico do uporabe kakršnih koli avtorskih pravic za literarno, umetniško ali znanstveno delo, vključno s kinematografskimi filmi in filmi ali trakovi ali drugimi sredstvi za reprodukcijo slike ali zvoka za radijsko ali televizijsko predvajanje, katerega koli patenta, blagovne znamke, vzorca ali modela, načrta, tajne formule ali postopka ali za uporabo ali pravico do uporabe industrijske, komercialne ali znanstvene opreme ali za informacije o industrijskih, komercialnih ali znanstvenih izkušnjah.
4. Določbe prvega in drugega odstavka tega člena se ne uporabljajo, če upravičeni lastnik licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici, v kateri licenčnine in avtorski honorarji nastanejo, prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali opravlja v tej drugi državi samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej ter je pravica ali premoženje, v zvezi s katerim se licenčnine in avtorski honorarji plačajo, dejansko povezano s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
5. Šteje se, da so licenčnine in avtorski honorarji nastali v državi pogodbenici, kadar je plačnik rezident te države. Kadar pa ima oseba, ki plačuje licenčnine in avtorske honorarje, ne glede na to, ali je rezident države pogodbenice, v državi pogodbenici stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo, v zvezi s katero je nastala obveznost za plačilo licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev ter take licenčnine in avtorske honorarje krije taka stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza, se šteje, da so take licenčnine in avtorski honorarji nastali v državi, v kateri je stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza.
6. Kadar zaradi posebnega odnosa med plačnikom in upravičenim lastnikom ali med njima in drugo osebo znesek licenčnin in avtorskih honorarjev glede na uporabo, pravico ali informacijo, za katero se plačujejo, presega znesek, za katerega bi se sporazumela plačnik in upravičeni lastnik, če takega odnosa ne bi bilo, se določbe tega člena uporabljajo samo za zadnji omenjeni znesek. V takem primeru se presežni del plačil še naprej obdavčuje v skladu z zakonodajo vsake države pogodbenice, pri čemer je treba upoštevati druge določbe te konvencije.
13. člen
KAPITALSKI DOBIČKI
1. Dobiček, ki ga rezident države pogodbenice doseže z odtujitvijo nepremičnin, ki so omenjene v 6. členu in so v drugi državi pogodbenici, ali deležev v družbi, katere premoženje v glavnem predstavljajo take nepremičnine, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2. Dobiček iz odtujitve premičnin, ki so del poslovnega premoženja stalne poslovne enote, ki jo ima podjetje države pogodbenice v drugi državi pogodbenici, ali premičnin, ki se nanašajo na stalno bazo, ki jo ima rezident države pogodbenice na voljo v drugi državi pogodbenici za namen opravljanja samostojnih osebnih storitev, vključno z dobičkom iz odtujitve take stalne poslovne enote (same ali s celotnim podjetjem) ali take stalne baze, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
3. Dobiček, ki ga podjetje države pogodbenice, ki opravlja ladijske ali letalske prevoze v mednarodnem prometu, doseže z odtujitvijo ladij ali letal, s katerimi se opravljajo prevozi v mednarodnem prometu, ali premičnin, ki se nanašajo na opravljanje prevozov s takimi ladjami ali letali, se lahko obdavči samo v tej državi.
4. Dobiček iz odtujitve kakršnega koli premoženja, ki ni premoženje, navedeno v prvem, drugem in tretjem odstavku tega člena, se obdavči samo v državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je oseba, ki odtuji premoženje.
14. člen
SAMOSTOJNE OSEBNE STORITVE
1. Dohodek, ki ga dobi posameznik, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, iz poklicnih storitev ali drugih samostojnih dejavnosti, se obdavči samo v tej državi, razen če ima stalno bazo, ki mu je redno na voljo v drugi državi pogodbenici za namene opravljanja njegovih dejavnosti. Če ima tako stalno bazo, se dohodek lahko obdavči v drugi državi, a samo toliko dohodka, kolikor se pripiše tej stalni bazi. Zato se šteje, da ima posameznik, ki je rezident države pogodbenice in biva v drugi državi pogodbenici v obdobju ali obdobjih, ki trajajo skupno več kot 183 dni v katerem koli obdobju dvanajstih mesecev, ki se začne ali konča v zadevnem davčnem letu, stalno bazo, ki mu je redno na voljo v tej drugi državi, in se dohodek, ki ga doseže iz zgoraj omenjenih dejavnosti v tej drugi državi, pripiše tej stalni bazi.
2. Izraz “poklicne storitve“ vključuje še posebej samostojne znanstvene, literarne, umetniške, izobraževalne ali pedagoške dejavnosti kot tudi samostojne dejavnosti zdravnikov, odvetnikov, inženirjev, arhitektov, zobozdravnikov in računovodij.
15. člen
ODVISNE OSEBNE STORITVE
1. V skladu z določbami 16., 18., 19. in 20. člena se plače, mezde in drugi podobni prejemki, ki jih dobi rezident države pogodbenice iz zaposlitve, obdavčijo samo v tej državi, razen če se zaposlitev izvaja v drugi državi pogodbenici. Če se zaposlitev izvaja tako, se lahko tako dobljeni prejemki obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
2. Ne glede na določbe prvega odstavka tega člena se prejemek, ki ga dobi rezident države pogodbenice iz zaposlitve, ki se izvaja v drugi državi pogodbenici, obdavči samo v prvi omenjeni državi, če:
a) je prejemnik navzoč v drugi državi v obdobju ali obdobjih, ki ne presegajo skupno 183 dni v katerem koli obdobju dvanajstih mesecev, ki se začne ali konča v zadevnem davčnem letu, in
b) prejemek plača delodajalec, ki ni rezident druge države, ali se plača v njegovem imenu in
c) prejemka ne krije stalna poslovna enota ali stalna baza, ki jo ima delodajalec v drugi državi.
3. Ne glede na prejšnje določbe tega člena se prejemek, ki izhaja iz zaposlitve na ladji ali letalu, s katerim podjetje države pogodbenice opravlja prevoze v mednarodnem prometu, lahko obdavči v tej državi.
16. člen
PLAČILA DIREKTORJEM
Plačila direktorjem in druga podobna plačila ali prejemki, ki jih dobi rezident države pogodbenice kot član upravnega odbora ali kakršnega koli drugega podobnega organa družbe, ki je rezident druge države pogodbenice, se lahko obdavčijo v tej drugi državi.
17. člen
UMETNIKI IN ŠPORTNIKI
1. Ne glede na določbe 14. in 15. člena se dohodek, ki ga dobi rezident države pogodbenice kot nastopajoči izvajalec, kot je gledališki, filmski, radijski ali televizijski umetnik ali glasbenik, ali kot športnik iz takšnih osebnih dejavnosti, ki jih izvaja v drugi državi pogodbenici, lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2. Kadar dohodek iz osebnih dejavnosti, ki jih izvaja nastopajoči izvajalec ali športnik kot tak, ne priraste samemu nastopajočemu izvajalcu ali športniku osebno, temveč drugi osebi, se ta dohodek kljub določbam 7., 14. in 15. člena lahko obdavči v državi pogodbenici, v kateri se izvajajo dejavnosti nastopajočega izvajalca ali športnika.
3. Določbe prvega in drugega odstavka tega člena se ne uporabljajo za dohodek, dosežen z dejavnostmi nastopajočega izvajalca ali športnika v državi pogodbenici, če se obisk v tej državi v celoti ali pretežno financira z javnimi sredstvi ene ali obeh držav pogodbenic ali njunih političnih enot ali lokalnih oblasti. V takem primeru se dohodek obdavči samo v državi pogodbenici, katere rezident je nastopajoči izvajalec ali športnik.
18. člen
POKOJNINE
V skladu z določbami drugega odstavka 19. člena se pokojnine in drugi podobni prejemki, ki se izplačujejo rezidentu države pogodbenice za preteklo zaposlitev, obdavčijo samo v tej državi.
19. člen
DRŽAVNA SLUŽBA
1. a) Plače, mezde in drugi podobni prejemki razen pokojnin, ki jih plačuje država pogodbenica ali njena politična enota ali lokalna oblast posamezniku za storitve, ki jih opravi za to državo ali politično enoto ali lokalno oblast, se obdavčijo samo v tej državi.
b) Take plače, mezde in drugi podobni prejemki pa se obdavčijo samo v drugi državi pogodbenici, če se storitve opravljajo v tej državi in je posameznik rezident te države, ki:
(i) je državljan te države ali
(ii) ni postal rezident te države samo za namen opravljanja storitev.
2. a) Vsaka pokojnina, plačana iz skladov države pogodbenice ali njene politične enote ali lokalne oblasti posamezniku za storitve, opravljene za to državo ali enoto ali oblast, se obdavči samo v tej državi.
b) Taka pokojnina pa se obdavči samo v drugi državi pogodbenici, če je posameznik rezident in državljan te države.
3. Določbe 15., 16., 17. in 18. člena se uporabljajo za plače, mezde in druge podobne prejemke ter za pokojnine za storitve, opravljene v zvezi s posli države pogodbenice ali njene politične enote ali lokalne oblasti.
20. člen
PROFESORJI IN RAZISKOVALCI
1. Posameznik, ki obišče državo pogodbenico zaradi poučevanja ali raziskovanja na univerzi, višji ali visoki šoli ali drugi priznani izobraževalni ali znanstveni ustanovi v tej državi pogodbenici in ki je ali je bil tik pred tem obiskom rezident druge države pogodbenice, je v prvi omenjeni državi pogodbenici oproščen davka na prejemke za tako poučevanje ali raziskovanje v obdobju največ dveh let od datuma prvega obiska s tem namenom.
2. Določbe prvega odstavka tega člena se za dohodek od raziskav ne uporabljajo, če se raziskava ne opravlja v javnem interesu, ampak predvsem v zasebno korist določene osebe ali oseb.
21. člen
ŠTUDENTI
1. Plačila, ki jih študent, pripravnik ali vajenec, ki je ali je bil tik pred obiskom države pogodbenice rezident druge države pogodbenice in je v prvi omenjeni državi navzoč samo z namenom svojega izobraževanja ali usposabljanja, prejme za svoje vzdrževanje, izobraževanje ali usposabljanje, se ne obdavčijo v tej državi pod pogojem, da taka plačila nastanejo iz virov zunaj te države.
2. Glede plačil, ki jih ne opredeljuje prvi odstavek tega člena, in prejemkov za odvisne osebne storitve, opravljene med takim izobraževanjem ali usposabljanjem, je študent, pripravnik ali vajenec upravičen do enakih oprostitev, odbitkov ali znižanj za davke od dohodka kot rezidenti države pogodbenice, v kateri je na obisku.
22. člen
DRUGI DOHODKI
1. Deli dohodka rezidenta države pogodbenice, ki nastanejo kjer koli in niso obravnavani v predhodnih členih te konvencije, se obdavčijo samo v tej državi.
2. Določbe prvega odstavka tega člena se ne uporabljajo za dohodek, ki ni dohodek iz nepremičnin, kot so opredeljene v drugem odstavku 6. člena, če prejemnik takega dohodka, ki je rezident države pogodbenice, posluje v drugi državi pogodbenici prek stalne poslovne enote v njej ali v tej drugi državi opravlja samostojne osebne storitve iz stalne baze v njej in je pravica ali premoženje, za katero se plača dohodek, dejansko povezano s tako stalno poslovno enoto ali stalno bazo. V takem primeru se uporabljajo določbe 7. ali 14. člena, odvisno od primera.
23. člen
PREMOŽENJE
1. Premoženje, ki ga predstavljajo nepremičnine iz 6. člena v lasti rezidenta države pogodbenice in so v drugi državi pogodbenici, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
2. Premoženje, ki ga predstavljajo premičnine, ki so del poslovnega premoženja stalne poslovne enote, ki jo ima podjetje države pogodbenice v drugi državi pogodbenici, ali premičnine v zvezi s stalno bazo, ki so na voljo rezidentu države pogodbenice v drugi državi pogodbenici za opravljanje samostojnih osebnih storitev, se lahko obdavči v tej drugi državi.
3. Premoženje, ki ga predstavljajo ladje ali letala, s katerimi podjetje države pogodbenice opravlja prevoze v mednarodnem prometu, in premičnine v zvezi z opravljanjem prevozov s takimi ladjami in letali, se obdavči samo v tej državi.
4. Vsi drugi elementi premoženja rezidenta države pogodbenice se obdavčijo samo v tej državi.
24. člen
METODE ZA ODPRAVO DVOJNEGA OBDAVČEVANJA
Dvojno obdavčevanje se odpravi takole:
1. V Sloveniji:
a) kadar rezident Slovenije dobi dohodek ali ima v lasti premoženje, ki se v skladu z določbami te konvencije lahko obdavči v Latviji, Slovenija dovoli:
(i) kot odbitek od davka od dohodka takega rezidenta znesek, ki je enak davku od dohodka, plačanemu v Latviji;
(ii) kot odbitek od davka od premoženja takega rezidenta znesek, ki je enak davku od premoženja, plačanemu v Latviji.
Tak odbitek pa v nobenem primeru ne sme presegati tistega dela davka od dohodka ali premoženja, ki je bil izračunan pred odbitkom, pripisanim dohodku ali premoženju, odvisno od primera, ki se lahko obdavči v Latviji;
b) kadar je v skladu s katero koli določbo te konvencije dohodek, ki ga rezident Slovenije dobi, ali premoženje, ki ga ima v lasti, oproščeno davka v Sloveniji, lahko Slovenija pri izračunu zneska davka od preostalega dohodka ali premoženja takega rezidenta vseeno upošteva oproščeni dohodek ali premoženje.
2. V Latviji:
a) kadar rezident Latvije dobi dohodek ali ima v lasti premoženje, ki se v skladu s to konvencijo lahko obdavči v Sloveniji, Latvija dovoli, če v njeni domači zakonodaji ni predvidena ugodnejša obravnava:
(i) kot odbitek od davka od dohodka takega rezidenta znesek, ki je enak davku od dohodka, plačanemu v Sloveniji;
(ii) kot odbitek od davka od premoženja takega rezidenta znesek, ki je enak davku od premoženja, plačanemu v Sloveniji.
Tak odbitek pa v Latviji v nobenem primeru ne sme presegati tistega dela davka od dohodka ali premoženja, ki je bil izračunan pred odbitkom, pripisanim dohodku ali premoženju, odvisno od primera, ki se lahko obdavči v Sloveniji;
b) kadar družba, ki je rezident Latvije, prejme dividendo od družbe, ki je rezident Slovenije, v kateri ima v lasti najmanj 10 odstotkov delnic s polno glasovalno pravico, plačani davek v Sloveniji za namene pododstavka a) vključuje poleg davka, plačanega na dividendo, tudi ustrezen delež davka, plačanega na dobiček družbe, iz katere je bila dividenda plačana.
25. člen
ENAKO OBRAVNAVANJE
1. Državljani države pogodbenice ne smejo biti v drugi državi pogodbenici zavezani kakršnemu koli obdavčevanju ali kakršni koli zahtevi v zvezi s tem, ki je drugačna ali bolj obremenjujoča, kot so ali so lahko obdavčevanje in s tem povezane zahteve za državljane te druge države v enakih okoliščinah, še zlasti glede rezidentstva. Ta določba se ne glede na določbe 1. člena uporablja tudi za osebe, ki niso rezidenti ene ali obeh držav pogodbenic.
2. Osebe brez državljanstva, ki so rezidenti države pogodbenice, ne smejo biti v nobeni državi pogodbenici zavezane kakršnemu koli obdavčevanju ali kakršni koli zahtevi v zvezi s tem, ki je drugačna ali bolj obremenjujoča, kot so ali so lahko obdavčevanje in s tem povezane zahteve za državljane te države v enakih okoliščinah, še zlasti glede rezidentstva.
3. Obdavčevanje stalne poslovne enote, ki jo ima podjetje države pogodbenice v drugi državi pogodbenici, ne sme biti manj ugodno v tej drugi državi, kot je obdavčevanje podjetij te druge države, ki opravljajo enake dejavnosti. Ta določba se ne razlaga, kot da zavezuje državo pogodbenico, da prizna rezidentom druge države pogodbenice kakršne koli osebne olajšave, druge olajšave in znižanja za davčne namene zaradi osebnega stanja ali družinskih obveznosti, ki jih priznava svojim rezidentom.
4. Razen kadar se uporabljajo določbe prvega odstavka 9. člena, sedmega odstavka 11. člena ali šestega odstavka 12. člena, se obresti, licenčnine in avtorski honorarji ter druga izplačila, ki jih plača podjetje države pogodbenice rezidentu druge države pogodbenice, pri določanju obdavčljivega dobička takega podjetja odbijejo pod istimi pogoji, kot če bi bili plačani rezidentu prve omenjene države. Podobno se tudi kakršni koli dolgovi podjetja države pogodbenice rezidentu druge države pogodbenice pri določanju obdavčljivega premoženja takega podjetja odbijejo pod istimi pogoji, kot če bi bili pogodbeno dogovorjeni z rezidentom prve omenjene države.
5. Podjetja države pogodbenice, katerih kapital je v celoti ali delno, neposredno ali posredno v lasti ali pod nadzorom enega ali več rezidentov druge države pogodbenice, ne smejo biti v prvi omenjeni državi zavezana kakršnemu koli obdavčevanju ali kakršni koli zahtevi v zvezi s tem, ki je drugačna ali bolj obremenjujoča, kot so ali so lahko obdavčevanje in s tem povezane zahteve do drugih podobnih podjetij prve omenjene države.
6. Določbe tega člena se uporabljajo ne glede na določbe 2. člena za davke vseh vrst in opisov.
26. člen
POSTOPEK SKUPNEGA DOGOVORA
1. Kadar oseba meni, da imajo ali bodo imela dejanja ene ali obeh držav pogodbenic zanjo za posledico obdavčevanje, ki ni v skladu z določbami te konvencije, lahko ne glede na sredstva, ki ji jih omogoča domača zakonodaja teh držav, predloži zadevo pristojnemu organu države pogodbenice, katere rezident je, ali če se njen primer nanaša na prvi odstavek 25. člena, tiste države pogodbenice, katere državljan je. Zadeva mora biti predložena v treh letih od prvega uradnega obvestila o dejanju, ki je imelo za posledico obdavčevanje, ki ni v skladu z določbami konvencije.
2. Pristojni organ si, če se mu zdi pritožba upravičena in če sam ne more priti do zadovoljive rešitve, prizadeva rešiti primer s skupnim dogovorom s pristojnim organom druge države pogodbenice z namenom izogniti se obdavčevanju, ki ni v skladu s konvencijo. Vsak dosežen dogovor se izvaja ne glede na roke v domači zakonodaji držav pogodbenic.
3. Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic si prizadevata s skupnim dogovorom razrešiti vse težave ali dvome, ki nastanejo pri razlagi ali uporabi konvencije. Prav tako se lahko med seboj posvetujeta o odpravi dvojnega obdavčevanja v primerih, ki jih konvencija ne predvideva.
4. Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic lahko neposredno komunicirata med seboj, da bi dosegla dogovor v smislu prejšnjih odstavkov, vključno prek skupne komisije, ki jo sestavljata sama ali njuni predstavniki.
27. člen
IZMENJAVA INFORMACIJ
1. Pristojna organa držav pogodbenic si izmenjavata take informacije, ki so potrebne za izvajanje določb te konvencije ali domače zakonodaje držav pogodbenic glede davkov, za katere se uporablja ta konvencija, kolikor obdavčevanje na njeni podlagi ni v nasprotju s konvencijo. Izmenjava informacij ni omejena s 1. členom. Vsaka informacija, ki jo prejme država pogodbenica, se obravnava kot tajnost na isti način kot informacije, pridobljene po domači zakonodaji te države, in se razkrije samo osebam ali organom (vključno s sodišči in upravnimi organi), udeleženim pri odmeri ali pobiranju, izterjavi ali pregonu ali pri odločanju o pritožbah glede davkov, za katere se uporablja konvencija. Te osebe ali organi uporabljajo informacije samo v te namene. Informacije lahko razkrijejo na sodnih obravnavah ali pri sodnih odločitvah.
2. V nobenem primeru se določbe prvega odstavka tega člena ne razlagajo, kot da nalagajo državi pogodbenici obveznost:
a) da izvaja upravne ukrepe, ki niso v skladu z zakonodajo in upravno prakso te ali druge države pogodbenice,
b) da priskrbi informacije, ki jih ni mogoče dobiti po zakonski ali običajni upravni poti te ali druge države pogodbenice,
c) da priskrbi informacije, ki bi razkrile kakršno koli trgovinsko, poslovno, industrijsko, komercialno ali poklicno skrivnost ali trgovinske postopke, ali informacije, katerih razkritje bi bilo v nasprotju z javnim redom.
28. člen
ČLANI DIPLOMATSKIH PREDSTAVNIŠTEV IN KONZULATOV
Nič v tej konvenciji ne vpliva na davčne ugodnosti članov diplomatskih predstavništev ali konzulatov po splošnih pravilih mednarodnega prava ali določbah posebnih sporazumov.
29. člen
ZAČETEK VELJAVNOSTI
1. Vladi držav pogodbenic druga drugo uradno obvestita, ko so izpolnjene ustavne zahteve za začetek veljavnosti te konvencije.
2. Konvencija začne veljati na datum zadnjega uradnega obvestila iz prvega odstavka tega člena in njene določbe se uporabljajo v obeh državah pogodbenicah:
a) v zvezi z davki, zadržanimi pri viru, za dohodek, dobljen prvi dan januarja ali po njem v koledarskem letu, ki sledi letu, v katerem začne veljati konvencija;
b) v zvezi z drugimi davki od dohodka in davki od premoženja za davke, odmerjene za katero koli davčno leto, ki se začne prvi dan januarja ali po njem v koledarskem letu, ki sledi letu, v katerem začne veljati konvencija.
30. člen
PRENEHANJE VELJAVNOSTI
Ta konvencija velja, dokler je ena od držav pogodbenic ne odpove. Vsaka država pogodbenica lahko odpove konvencijo po diplomatski poti s pisnim obvestilom o odpovedi najmanj šest mesecev pred koncem katerega koli koledarskega leta. V takem primeru se konvencija v obeh državah pogodbenicah preneha uporabljati:
a) v zvezi z davki, zadržanimi pri viru, za dohodek, dobljen prvi dan januarja ali po njem v koledarskem letu, ki sledi letu, v katerem je bilo dano obvestilo o odpovedi;
b) v zvezi z drugimi davki od dohodka in davki od premoženja za davke, odmerjene za katero koli davčno leto, ki se začne prvi dan januarja ali po njem v koledarskem letu, ki sledi letu, v katerem je bilo dano obvestilo o odpovedi.
V dokaz navedenega sta podpisana, ki sta bila za to pravilno pooblaščena, podpisala to konvencijo.
Sestavljeno v dveh izvirnikih v Ljubljani dne 17. aprila 2002 v slovenskem, latvijskem in angleškem jeziku, pri čemer so vsa tri besedila enako verodostojna. Pri različni razlagi prevlada angleško besedilo.
Za Vlado
Republike Slovenije
Darko Končan l. r.
Za Vlado
Republike Latvije
Māris Riekštios l. r.
P R O T O K O L
Ob podpisu Konvencije med Vlado Republike Slovenije in Vlado Republike Latvije o izogibanju dvojnega obdavčevanja in preprečevanju davčnih utaj v zvezi z davki od dohodka in premoženja (v nadaljevanju “konvencija“) sta se strani sporazumeli o naslednjih določbah, ki so sestavni del konvencije.
1. V zvezi s tretjim odstavkom 4. člena
Kadar je oseba, ki ni posameznik, rezident obeh držav pogodbenic in si pristojna organa držav pogodbenic prizadevata njen status določiti s skupnim dogovorom, pri tem upoštevata takšne dejavnike, kot sta sedež dejanske uprave, kraj, kjer je oseba registrirana ali drugače ustanovljena, in vse druge ustrezne dejavnike.
2. V zvezi s 6. in 13. členom
Razume se, da se lahko v skladu z določbami 13. člena obdavčita celoten dohodek in dobiček iz odtujitve nepremičnin, ki so omenjene v 6. členu in so v državi pogodbenici.
V dokaz navedenega sta podpisana, ki sta bila za to pravilno pooblaščena, podpisala ta protokol.
Sestavljeno v dveh izvirnikih v Ljubljani dne 17. aprila 2002 v slovenskem, latvijskem in angleškem jeziku, pri čemer so vsa tri besedila enako verodostojna. Pri različni razlagi prevlada angleško besedilo.
Za Vlado
Republike Slovenije
Darko Končan l. r.
Za Vlado
Republike Latvije
Māris Riekštios l. r.
C O N V E N T I O N
BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME AND ON CAPITAL
The Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the Government of the Republic of Latvia,
Desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital,
Have agreed as follows:
Article 1
PERSONS COVERED
This Convention shall apply to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States.
Article 2
TAXES COVERED
1. This Convention shall apply to taxes on income and on capital imposed on behalf of a Contracting State or of its political subdivisions or local authorities, irrespective of the manner in which they are levied.
2. There shall be regarded as taxes on income and on capital all taxes imposed on total income, on total capital, or on elements of income or of capital, including taxes on gains from the alienation of movable or immovable property, as well as taxes on capital appreciation.
3. The existing taxes to which the Convention shall apply are in particular:
a) in Slovenia:
(i) the tax on profits of legal persons (davek od dobicka pravnih oseb);
(ii) the tax on income of individuals, including wages and salaries, income from agricultural activities, income from business, capital gains and income from immovable and movable property (dohodnina);
(iii) the tax on property (davek na premozenje);
(iv) special tax on the assets of banks and saving banks (posebni davek na bilancno vsoto bank in hranilnic);
(hereinafter referred to as “Slovenian tax“).
b) in Latvia:
(i) the enterprise income tax (uzňçmumu ienâkuma nodoklis);
(ii) the personal income tax (iedzîvotâju ienâkuma nodoklis);
(iii) the immovable property tax (nekustamâ îpašuma nodoklis);
(hereinafter referred to as “Latvian tax”).
4. The Convention shall apply also to any identical or substantially similar taxes which are imposed after the date of signature of the Convention in addition to, or in place of, the existing taxes. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall notify each other of any significant changes which have been made in their respective taxation laws.
Article 3
GENERAL DEFINITIONS
1. For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:
a) the term “Slovenia” means the Republic of Slovenia and when used in a geographical sense, means the territory of Slovenia, including the sea area, sea bed and sub-soil adjacent to the territorial sea, if Slovenia may exercise its sovereign rights and jurisdiction over such sea area, sea bed and sub-soil in accordance with its domestic legislation and international law;
b) the term “Latvia” means the Republic of Latvia and, when used in the geographical sense, means the territory of the Republic of Latvia and any other area adjacent to the territorial sea of the Republic of Latvia within which under the laws of Latvia and in accordance with international law, the rights of Latvia may be exercised with respect to the sea bed and its sub-soil and their natural resources;
c) the terms “a Contracting State” and “the other Contracting State“ mean Latvia or Slovenia, as the context requires;
d) the term “person“ includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons;
e) the term “company“ means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes;
f) the terms “enterprise of a Contracting State“ and “enterprise of the other Contracting State“ mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;
g) the term “international traffic“ means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State;
h) the term “competent authority“ means:
(i) in Slovenia, the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Slovenia or its authorized representative;
(ii) in Latvia, the Ministry of Finance or its authorized representative;
i) the term “national“ means:
(i) any individual possessing the nationality of a Contracting State;
(ii) any legal person, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in a Contracting State.
2. As regards the application of the Convention at any time by a Contracting State, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.
Article 4
RESIDENT
1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term “resident of a Contracting State“ means any person who, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of his domicile, residence, place of management, place of incorporation or any other criterion of a similar nature, and also includes that State and any political subdivision or local authority thereof. This term, however, does not include any person who is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State or capital situated therein.
2. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his status shall be determined as follows:
a) he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home available to him in both States, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);
b) if the State in which he has his centre of vital interests cannot be determined, or if he has not a permanent home available to him in either State, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has an habitual abode;
c) if he has an habitual abode in both States or in neither of them, he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State of which he is a national;
d) if he is a national of both States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.
3. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to settle the question by mutual agreement. In the absence of such agreement, for the purposes of the Convention, the person shall not be entitled to claim any benefits provided by this Convention.
Article 5
PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT
1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term “permanent establishment“ means a fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.
2. The term “permanent establishment“ includes especially:
a) a place of management;
b) a branch;
c) an office;
d) a factory;
e) a workshop, and
f) a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources.
3. a) A building site, a construction, assembly or installation project or a supervisory activity connected therewith constitutes a permanent establishment only if such site, project or activity lasts for a period more than nine months.
b) Activities carried on offshore in a Contracting State in connection with the exploration or exploitation of the sea bed and sub-soil and their natural resources situated in that State shall be deemed to be carried on through a permanent establishment situated in that State, if such activities are carried on for a period or periods exceeding in the aggregate 30 days in any twelve month period.
4. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article the term “permanent establishment“ shall be deemed not to include:
a) the use of facilities solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise;
b) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery;
c) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of processing by another enterprise;
d) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of purchasing goods or merchandise or of collecting information, for the enterprise;
e) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of carrying on, for the enterprise, any other activity of a preparatory or auxiliary character;
f) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for any combination of activities mentioned in subparagraphs a) to e), provided that the overall activity of the fixed place of business resulting from this combination is of a preparatory or auxiliary character.
5. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, where a person - other than an agent of an independent status to whom paragraph 6 of this Article applies - is acting on behalf of an enterprise and has, and habitually exercises, in a Contracting State an authority to conclude contracts in the name of the enterprise, that enterprise shall be deemed to have a permanent establishment in that State in respect of any activities which that person undertakes for the enterprise, unless the activities of such person are limited to those mentioned in paragraph 4 of this Article which, if exercised through a fixed place of business, would not make this fixed place of business a permanent establishment under the provisions of that paragraph.
6. An enterprise shall not be deemed to have a permanent establishment in a Contracting State merely because it carries on business in that State through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent of an independent status, provided that such persons are acting in the ordinary course of their business.
7. The fact that a company which is a resident of a Contracting State controls or is controlled by a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State, or which carries on business in that other State (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise), shall not of itself constitute either company a permanent establishment of the other.
Article 6
INCOME FROM IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
1. Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State from immovable property (including income from agriculture or forestry) situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
2. The term “immovable property“ shall have the meaning which it has under the law of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated. The term shall in any case include property accessory to immovable property, livestock and equipment used in agriculture and forestry, rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, any option or similar right to acquire immovable property, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources, rights to assets to be produced by the exploration or exploitation of the sea bed and sub-soil and their natural resources, including rights to interests in or to the benefit of such assets. Ships and aircraft shall not be regarded as immovable property.
3. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting, or use in any other form of immovable property.
4. Where the ownership of shares or other corporate rights in a company entitles the owner of such shares or corporate rights to the enjoyment of immovable property held by the company, the income from the direct use, letting, or use in any other form of such right to enjoyment may be taxed in the Contracting State in which the immovable property is situated.
5. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 3 and 4 of this Article shall also apply to the income from immovable property of an enterprise and to income from immovable property used for the performance of independent personal services.
Article 7
BUSINESS PROFITS
1. The profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on business as aforesaid, the profits of the enterprise may be taxed in the other State but only so much of them as is attributable to that permanent establishment. However, profits derived from the sale of goods or merchandise of the same or similar kind as those sold, or from other business activities of the same or similar kind as those effected, through that permanent establishment may be considered attributable to that permanent establishment if it is established that such sales or activities were structured in a manner intended to avoid taxation in the State where the permanent establishment is situated.
2. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article, where an enterprise of a Contracting State carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, there shall in each Contracting State be attributed to that permanent establishment the profits which it might be expected to make if it were a distinct and separate enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions and dealing wholly independently with the enterprise of which it is a permanent establishment.
3. In determining the profits of a permanent establishment, in a Contracting State there shall be allowed as deductions expenses (other than expenses which would not be deductible if that permanent establishment were a separate enterprise of that Contracting State) which are incurred for the purposes of the permanent establishment, including executive and general administrative expenses so incurred, whether in the State in which the permanent establishment is situated or elsewhere.
4. Insofar as it has been customary in a Contracting State to determine the profits to be attributed to a permanent establishment on the basis of an apportionment of the total profits of the enterprise to its various parts, nothing in paragraph 2 of this Article shall preclude that Contracting State from determining the profits to be taxed by such an apportionment as may be customary; the method of apportionment adopted shall, however, be such that the result shall be in accordance with the principles contained in this Article.
5. No profits shall be attributed to a permanent establishment by reason of the mere purchase by that permanent establishment of goods or merchandise for the enterprise.
6. For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, the profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment shall be determined by the same method year by year unless there is good and sufficient reason to the contrary.
7. Where profits include items of income which are dealt with separately in other Articles of this Convention, then the provisions of those Articles shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article.
Article 8
SHIPPING AND AIR TRANSPORT
1. Profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic shall be taxable only in that State.
2. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall also apply to profits from the participation in a pool, a joint business or an international operating agency.
Article 9
ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES
1. Where
a) an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, or
b) the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of a Contracting State and an enterprise of the other Contracting State,
and in either case conditions are made or imposed between the two enterprises in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which would be made between independent enterprises, then any profits which would, but for those conditions, have accrued to one of the enterprises, but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise and taxed accordingly.
2. Where a Contracting State includes in the profits of an enterprise of that State - and taxes accordingly - profits on which an enterprise of that other Contracting State has been charged to tax in that other State and the profits so included are profits which would have accrued to the enterprise of the first-mentioned State if the conditions made between the two enterprises had been those which would have been made between independent enterprises, then the competent authorities of the Contracting State may consult together with a view to reach an agreement on the adjustments of profits in both Contracting States.
3. A Contracting State shall not change the profits of an enterprise in the circumstances referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article after the expiry of the time limits provided in its national laws and, in any case, after five years from the end of the year in which the profits which would be subject to such change would have accrued to an enterprise of that State. This paragraph shall not apply in the case of fraud or wilful default.
Article 10
DIVIDENDS
1. Dividends paid by a company which is a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
2. However, such dividends may also be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a resident of the other Contracting State the tax so charged shall not exceed:
a) 5 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends if the beneficial owner is a company which holds directly at least 25 per cent of the capital of the company paying the dividends;
b) 15 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends in all other cases.
This paragraph shall not affect the taxation of the company in respect of the profits out of which the dividends are paid.
3. The term “dividends“ as used in this Article means income from shares or other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as income from other rights which is subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from shares by the laws of the State of which the company making the distribution is a resident.
4. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
5. Where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives profits or income from the other Contracting State, that other State may not impose any tax on the dividends paid by the company, except insofar as such dividends are paid to a resident of that other State or insofar as the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with a permanent establishment or a fixed base situated in that other State, nor subject the company’s undistributed profits to a tax on the company’s undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of profits or income arising in such other State.
Article 11
INTEREST
1. Interest arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
2. However, such interest may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which it arises and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the interest is a resident of the other Contracting State the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the interest.
3. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article interest arising in a Contracting State, derived and beneficially owned by the Government of the other Contracting State, including its local authorities and political subdivisions, the Central Bank, the State Joint Stock Company “Latvian Export Credit” (Latvijas eksportkredîts), Slovene Export Company (Slovenska izvozna druzba), or interest derived on loans guaranteed by the “Latvian Export Credit” or the Slovene Export Company shall be exempt from tax in the first-mentioned State.
4. The term “interest“ as used in this Article means income from debt claims of every kind, whether or not secured by mortgage and whether or not carrying a right to participate in the debtor’s profits, and in particular, income from government securities and income from bonds or debentures, including premiums and prizes attaching to such securities, bonds or debentures. The term “interest” shall not include any income which is treated as a dividend under the provisions of Article 10. Penalty charges for late payment shall not be regarded as interest for the purpose of this Article.
5. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the interest, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the interest arises, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the debt claim in respect of which the interest is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
6. Interest shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the interest, whether he is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the indebtedness on which the interest is paid was incurred, and such interest is borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such interest shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.
7. Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the interest, having regard to the debt claim for which it is paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.
Article 12
ROYALTIES
1. Royalties arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
2. However, such royalties may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the royalties is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of such royalties.
3. The term “royalties“ as used in this Article means payments of any kind received as a consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright of literary, artistic or scientific work including cinematograph films and films or tapes or other means of image or sound reproduction for radio and television broadcasting, any patent, trade mark, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, or for the use of, or the right to use, industrial, commercial or scientific equipment, or for information concerning industrial, commercial or scientific experience.
4. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the royalties, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the royalties arise, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the royalties are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
5. Royalties shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the royalties, whether he is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the liability to pay the royalties was incurred, and such royalties are borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such royalties shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.
6. Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the royalties, having regard to the use, right or information for which they are paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.
Article 13
CAPITAL GAINS
1. Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of immovable property referred to in Article 6 and situated in the other Contracting State or shares in a company the assets of which consist mainly of such property may be taxed in that other State.
2. Gains from the alienation of movable property forming part of the business property of a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State or of movable property pertaining to a fixed base available to a resident of a Contracting State in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing independent personal services, including such gains from the alienation of such a permanent establishment (alone or with the whole enterprise) or of such fixed base, may be taxed in that other State.
3. Gains derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State operating ships or aircraft in international traffic from the alienation of ships or aircraft operated in international traffic or movable property pertaining to the operation of such ships or aircraft shall be taxable only in that State.
4. Gains from the alienation of any property other than that referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article, shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the alienator is a resident.
Article 14
INDEPENDENT PERSONAL SERVICES
1. Income derived by an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State in respect of professional services or other activities of an independent character shall be taxable only in that State unless he has a fixed base regularly available to him in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing his activities. If he has such a fixed base, the income may be taxed in the other State but only so much of it as is attributable to that fixed base. For this purpose, where an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State stays in the other Contracting State for a period or periods exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period commencing or ending in the fiscal year concerned, he shall be deemed to have a fixed base regularly available to him in that other State and the income that is derived from his activities referred to above that are performed in that other State shall be attributable to that fixed base.
2. The term “professional services“ includes especially independent scientific, literary, artistic, educational or teaching activities as well as the independent activities of physicians, lawyers, engineers, architects, dentists and accountants.
Article 15
DEPENDENT PERSONAL SERVICES
1. Subject to the provisions of Articles 16, 18, 19 and 20, salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that State unless the employment is exercised in the other Contracting State. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other State.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if:
a) the recipient is present in the other State for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in the any twelve month period commencing or ending in the fiscal year concerned, and
b) the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of the other State, and
c) the remuneration is not borne by a permanent establishment or a fixed base which the employer has in the other State.
3. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article remuneration derived in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship or aircraft operated in international traffic by an enterprise of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.
Article 16
DIRECTORS’ FEES
Directors’ fees and other similar payments or remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in his capacity as a member of the board of directors or any other similar organ of a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.
Article 17
ARTISTES AND SPORTSMEN
1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 14 and 15, income derived by a resident of a Contracting State as an entertainer, such as a theatre, motion picture, radio or television artiste, or a musician, or as a sportsman, from his personal activities as such exercised in the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.
2. Where income in respect of personal activities exercised by an entertainer or a sportsman in his capacity as such accrues not to the entertainer or sportsman himself but to another person, that income may, notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 7, 14 and 15, be taxed in the Contracting State in which the activities of the entertainer or sportsman are exercised.
3. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall not apply to income derived from activities exercised in a Contracting State by an entertainer or a sportsman if the visit to that State is wholly or mainly supported by public funds of one or both of the Contracting States or political subdivisions or local authorities thereof. In such case, the income shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the entertainer or sportsman is a resident.
Article 18
PENSIONS
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment shall be taxable only in that State.
Article 19
GOVERNMENT SERVICE
1. a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:
(i) is a national of that State; or
(ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.
2. a) Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.
b) However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.
3. The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, and to pensions, in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.
Article 20
PROFESSORS AND RESEARCHERS
1. An individual who visits a Contracting State for the purpose of teaching or carrying out research at a university, college or other recognised educational or scientific institution in that Contracting State and who is or was immediately before that visit a resident of the other Contracting State, shall be exempted from taxation in the first-mentioned Contracting State on remuneration for such teaching or research for a period not exceeding two years from the date of his first visit for that purpose.
2. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to income from research if such research is undertaken not in the public interest but primarily for the private benefit of a specific person or persons.
Article 21
STUDENTS
1. Payments which a student, an apprentice or a trainee who is or was immediately before visiting a Contracting State a resident of the other Contracting State and who is present in the first-mentioned State solely for the purpose of his education or training receives for the purpose of his maintenance, education or training shall not be taxed in that State, provided that such payments arise from sources outside that State.
2. In respect of the payments not covered by paragraph 1 of this Article, and remuneration for dependent personal services rendered during such education or training, a student, an apprentice or a trainee shall be entitled to the same exemptions, reliefs or reductions in respect of taxes on income as are available to the residents of the Contracting State he is visiting.
Article 22
OTHER INCOME
1. Items of income of a resident of a Contracting State, wherever arising, not dealt with in the foregoing Articles of this Convention shall be taxable only in that State.
2. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to income, other than income from immovable property as defined in paragraph 2 of Article 6, if the recipient of such income, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the income is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.
Article 23
CAPITAL
1. Capital represented by immovable property referred to in Article 6, owned by a resident of a Contracting State and situated in the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.
2. Capital represented by movable property forming part of the business property of a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State or by movable property pertaining to a fixed base available to a resident of a Contracting State in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing independent personal services, may be taxed in that other State.
3. Capital represented by ships and aircraft operated in international traffic by an enterprise of a Contracting State and by movable property pertaining to the operation of such ships and aircraft, shall be taxable only in that State.
4. All other elements of capital of a resident of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State.
Article 24
METHODS FOR ELIMINATION OF DOUBLE TAXATION
Double taxation shall be eliminated as follows:
1. In Slovenia:
a) Where a resident of Slovenia derives income or owns capital which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, may be taxed in Latvia, Slovenia shall allow:
(i) as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the income tax paid in Latvia;
(ii) as a deduction from the tax on the capital of that resident, an amount equal to the capital tax paid in Latvia.
Such deduction in either case shall not, however, exceed that portion of the income tax or capital tax, as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable, as the case may be, to the income or the capital which may be taxed in Latvia.
b) Where in accordance with any provision of the Convention income derived or capital owned by a resident of Slovenia is exempt from tax in Slovenia, Slovenia may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on the remaining income or capital of such resident, take into account the exempted income or capital.
2. In Latvia:
a) Where a resident of Latvia derives income or owns capital which, in accordance with this Convention, may be taxed in Slovenia, unless more favourable treatment is provided in its domestic law, Latvia shall allow:
(i) as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the income tax paid thereon in Slovenia;
(ii) as a deduction from the tax on the capital of that resident, an amount equal to the capital tax paid thereon in Slovenia;
Such deduction in either case shall not, however, exceed that part of the income tax or the capital tax in Latvia, as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable, as the case may be, to the income or the capital which may be taxed in Slovenia.
b) For the purposes of sub-paragraph a) where a company that is a resident of Latvia receives a dividend from a company that is a resident of Slovenia in which it owns at least 10 per cent of its shares having full voting rights, the tax paid in Slovenia shall include not only the tax paid on the dividend, but also the appropriate portion of the tax paid on the underlying profits of the company out of which the dividend was paid.
Article 25
NON-DISCRIMINATION
1. Nationals of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in the other Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith, which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of that other State in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected. This provision shall, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 1, also apply to persons who are not residents of one or both of the Contracting States.
2. Stateless persons who are residents of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in either Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith, which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of the State concerned in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected.
3. The taxation on a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State shall not be less favourably levied in that other State than the taxation levied on enterprises of that other State carrying on the same activities. This provision shall not be construed as obliging a Contracting State to grant to residents of the other Contracting State any personal allowances, reliefs and reductions for taxation purposes on account of civil status or family responsibilities which it grants to its own residents.
4. Except where the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 9, paragraph 7 of Article 11, or paragraph 6 of Article 12, apply, interest, royalties and other disbursements paid by an enterprise of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State shall, for the purpose of determining the taxable profits of such enterprise, be deductible under the same conditions as if they had been paid to a resident of the first-mentioned State. Similarly, any debts of an enterprise of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State shall, for the purpose of determining the taxable capital of such enterprise, be deductible under the same conditions as if they had been contracted to a resident of the first-mentioned State.
5. Enterprises of a Contracting State, the capital of which is wholly or partly owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by one or more residents of the other Contracting State, shall not be subjected in the first-mentioned State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which other similar enterprises of the first-mentioned State are or may be subjected.
6. The provisions of this Article shall, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 2, apply to taxes of every kind and description.
Article 26
MUTUAL AGREEMENT PROCEDURE
1. Where a person considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result for him in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, he may, irrespective of the remedies provided by the domestic law of those States, present his case to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which he is a resident or, if his case comes under paragraph 1 of Article 25, to that of the Contracting State of which he is a national. The case must be presented within three years from the first notification of the action resulting in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of the Convention.
2. The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at a satisfactory solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Contracting State, with a view to the avoidance of taxation which is not in accordance with the Convention. Any agreement reached shall be implemented notwithstanding any time limits in the domestic law of the Contracting States.
3. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Convention. They may also consult together for the elimination of double taxation in cases not provided for in the Convention.
4. The competent authorities of the Contracting States may communicate with each other directly, including through a joint commission consisting of themselves or their representatives, for the purpose of reaching an agreement in the sense of the preceding paragraphs.
Article 27
EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION
1. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall exchange such information as is necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Convention or of the domestic laws of the Contracting States concerning taxes covered by the Convention insofar as the taxation thereunder is not contrary to the Convention. The exchange of information is not restricted by Article 1. Any information received by a Contracting State shall be treated as secret in the same manner as information obtained under the domestic laws of that State and shall be disclosed only to persons or authorities (including courts and administrative bodies) concerned with the assessment or collection of, the enforcement or prosecution in respect of, or the determination of appeals in relation to, the taxes covered by the Convention. Such persons or authorities shall use the information only for such purposes. They may disclose the information in public court proceedings or in judicial decisions.
2. In no case shall the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article be construed so as to impose on a Contracting State the obligation:
a) to carry out administrative measures at variance with the laws and administrative practice of that or of the other Contracting State;
b) to supply information which is not obtainable under the laws or in the normal course of the administration of that or of the other Contracting State;
c) to supply information which would disclose any trade, business, industrial, commercial or professional secret or trade process, or information, the disclosure of which would be contrary to public policy (ordre public).
Article 28
MEMBERS OF DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND CONSULAR POSTS
Nothing in this Convention shall affect the fiscal privileges of members of diplomatic missions or consular posts under the general rules of international law or under the provisions of special agreements.
Article 29
ENTRY INTO FORCE
1. The Governments of the Contracting States shall notify each other when the constitutional requirements for the entry into force of this Convention have been complied with.
2. The Convention shall enter into force on the date of the later of notifications referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article and its provisions shall have effect in both Contracting States:
a) in respect of taxes withheld at source, on income derived on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the Convention enters into force;
b) in respect of other taxes on income and taxes on capital, for taxes chargeable for any fiscal year beginning on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the Convention enters into force.
Article 30
TERMINATION
This Convention shall remain in force until terminated by a Contracting State. Either Contracting State may terminate the Convention, through diplomatic channels, by giving written notice of termination at least six months before the end of any calendar year. In such event, the Convention shall cease to have effect in both Contracting States:
a) in respect of taxes withheld at source, on income derived on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the notice has been given;
b) in respect of other taxes on income and taxes on capital, for taxes chargeable for any fiscal year beginning on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the notice has been given.
In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorised thereto, have signed this Convention.
Done in duplicate at Ljubljana this 17th day of April 2002, in the Latvian, Slovenian and English languages, all three texts being equally authentic. In the case of divergence of interpretation the English text shall prevail.
For the Government
of the Republic of Slovenia
Darko Končan, (s)
For the Government
of the Republic of Latvia
Māris Riekštios, (s)
P R O T O C O L
at the signing of the Convention between the Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the Government of the Republic of Latvia for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital (hereinafter referred to as “the Convention“) both sides have agreed upon the following provisions which form an integral part of the Convention:
1. In respect to Article 4 (3)
Where a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States and the competent authorities of the Contracting States endeavour to determine its status by mutual agreement, they shall have regard to such factors as the place of effective management, the place where it is incorporated or otherwise constituted and any other relevant factors.
2. In respect to Article 6 and Article 13
It is understood that all income and gains from the alienation of immovable property referred to in Article 6 and situated in a Contracting State may be taxed in accordance with the provisions of Article 13.
In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorised thereto, have signed this Protocol.
Done in duplicate at Ljubljana this 17th day of April 2002, in the Slovenian, Latvian and English languages, all three texts being equally authentic. In the case of divergence of interpretation the English text shall prevail.
For the Government
of the Republic of Slovenia
Darko Končan, (s)
For the Government
of the Republic of Latvia
Māris Riekštios, (s)
3. člen
Za izvajanje konvencije s protokolom skrbi Ministrstvo za finance.
4. člen
Ta zakon začne veljati naslednji dan po objavi v Uradnem listu Republike Slovenije – Mednarodne pogodbe.
Št. 432-01/02-25/1
Ljubljana, dne 25. oktobra 2002
Predsednik
Državnega zbora
Republike Slovenije
Borut Pahor l. r.
* Besedilo konvencije s protokolom v latvijskem jeziku je na vpogled v Sektorju za mednarodnopravne zadeve Ministrstva za zunanje zadeve.